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January 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 19.5 Percent from January 2009

January 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 19.5 Percent from January 2009

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 16-10
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Tuesday, March 30, 2010 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 19.5 percent higher in January 2010 than in January 2009, reaching $56.7 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1). The 19.5 percent increase was the largest year over year rise since March 2000.

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico fell 3.0 percent in January 2010 from December 2009 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. In January, 86.1 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in January was up 8.3 percent compared to January 2005, and up 31.6 percent compared to January 2000, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in January were up 28.4 percent compared to January 2000, while exports were up 35.8 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $34.2 billion in January, up 18.0 percent compared to January 2009 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 7.2 percent higher in January 2010 compared to January 2009, while the value of exports carried by truck was 17.1 percent higher during this period.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in January with $4.0 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $22.5 billion in January, up 21.7 percent compared to January 2009 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 18.9 percent higher in January 2010 than January 2009 while the value of exports carried by truck was 11.5 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in January with $8.1 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. January TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of March 12.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release February TransBorder numbers on April 29.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2008 2009 2010 Percent Change 2008-2009 Percent Change 2009-2010
January 65,160 47,459 56,697 -27.2 19.5
February 69,406 47,938 -30.9  
March 70,787 51,055 -27.9  
April 74,317 49,729 -33.1  
May 74,128 47,881 -35.4  
June 74,139 50,753 -31.5  
July 71,628 51,545 -28.0  
August 72,254 54,254 -24.9  
September 71,801 57,294 -20.2  
October 72,683 61,400 -15.5  
November 60,661 58,922 -2.9  
December 52,910 58,465   10.5  
Year to Date (1 month) 65,160 47,459 56,697 -27.2 19.5
Annual 829,875 636,695   -23.3  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   January 2009 December 2009 January 2010 Percent Change Dec. 2009-Jan. 2010 Percent Change January 2009-2010
All Surface Modes Imports 25,552 32,030 31,316 -2.2 22.6
Exports 21,907 26,435 25,380 -4.0 15.9
Total 47,459 58,465 56,697 -3.0 19.5
Truck Imports 16,629 19,223 18,834 -2.0 13.3
Exports 17,249 20,600 19,804 -3.9 14.8
Rail Imports 4,017 6,451 6,609 2.4 64.5
Exports 2,457 3,317 3,160 -4.7 28.6
Pipeline Imports 3,809 5,125 4,915 -4.1 29.0
Exports 366 373 452 21.3 23.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. January 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with January of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to January in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2009 22.6 15.9 19.5
2008 -14.5 -11.0 -13.0
2007 -10.5 -1.0 -6.5
2006 -13.1 1.0 -7.3
2005 4.1 14.1 8.3
2004 18.9 31.2 24.1
2003 24.1 37.0 29.6
2002 32.0 44.2 37.2
2001 16.4 30.7 22.4
2000 28.4 35.8 31.6

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   January 2009 December 2009 January 2010 Percent Change Dec. 2009-Jan. 2010 Percent Change January 2009-2010
All Surface Modes Imports 15,655 18,926 18,681 -1.3 19.3
Exports 13,317 16,521 15,508 -6.1 16.4
Total 28,972 35,447 34,189 -3.6 18.0
Truck Imports 7,956 8,836 8,526 -3.5 7.2
Exports 10,133 12,776 11,868 -7.1 17.1
Rail Imports 3,050 4,121 4,528 9.9 48.4
Exports 1,427 1,825 1,798 -1.5 25.9
Pipeline Imports 3,800 5,107 4,901 -4.0 29.0
Exports 321 251 352 40.0 9.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by January 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State January 2010
1 Michigan 4,004
2 Illinois 3,368
3 California 2,212
4 Ohio 2,167
5 New York 1,896
6 Texas 1,833
7 Washington 1,589
8 Pennsylvania 1,423
9 Indiana 1,148
10 Tennessee 935

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   January 2009 December 2009 January 2010 Percent Change Dec. 2009-Jan. 2010 Percent Change January 2009-2010
All Surface Modes Imports 9,897 13,104 12,635 -3.6 27.7
Exports 8,590 9,914 9,873 -0.4 14.9
Total 18,487 23,018 22,508 -2.2 21.7
Truck Imports 8,673 10,387 10,309 -0.8 18.9
Exports 7,116 7,824 7,936 1.4 11.5
Rail Imports 967 2,330 2,081 -10.7 115.3
Exports 1,030 1,491 1,362 -8.7 32.3
Pipeline Imports 8 18 13 -24.2 59.2
Exports 45 122 100 -17.4 122.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by January 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State January 2010
1 Texas 8,054
2 California 3,158
3 Michigan 2,459
4 Arizona 896
5 Illinois 751
6 Ohio 573
7 Tennessee 489
8 Indiana 405
9 North Carolina 393
10 Wisconsin 357

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/