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February 2010 North American Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 24.1 Percent from February 2009

February 2010 North American Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 24.1 Percent from February 2009

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 20-10
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, April 29, 2010 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 24.1 percent higher in February 2010 than in February 2009, reaching $59.5 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1). The 24.1 percent increase is the largest year-over-year rise on record but freight value still remained 14.3 percent less than the value in February 2008.

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 4.9 percent in February 2010 from January 2010 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. In February, 87.6 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in February was up 11.0 percent compared to February 2005, and up 29.6 percent compared to February 2000, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in February were up 28.3 percent compared to February 2000, while exports were up 31.2 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $36.3 billion in February, up 21.7 percent compared to February 2009 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 6.4 percent higher in February 2010 compared to February 2009, while the value of exports carried by truck was 23.5 percent higher during this period.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in February with $5.2 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $23.2 billion in February, up 28.0 percent compared to February 2009 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 27.6 percent higher in February 2010 than February 2009 while the value of exports carried by truck was 18.3 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in February with $8.1 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. February TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of April 13.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release March TransBorder numbers on June 1.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2008 2009 2010 Percent Change 2008-2009 Percent Change 2009-2010
January 65,160 47,459 56,697 -27.2 19.5
February 69,406 47,938 59,492 -30.9 24.1
March 70,787 51,055   -27.9  
April 74,317 49,729   -33.1  
May 74,128 47,881   -35.4  
June 74,139 50,753   -31.5  
July 71,628 51,545   -28.0  
August 72,254 54,254   -24.9  
September 71,801 57,294   -20.2  
October 72,683 61,400   -15.5  
November 60,661 58,922   -2.9  
December 52,910 58,465   10.5  
Year-to-date 134,566 95,398 116,189 -29.1 21.8
Annual 829,875 636,695   -23.3  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior torounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   February 2009 January2010 February 2010 Percent Change January-February 2010 Percent Change February 2009-2010
All Surface Modes Imports 25,586 31,316 32,545 3.9 27.2
Exports 22,352 25,380 26,947 6.2 20.6
Total 47,938 56,697 59,492 4.9 24.1
Truck Imports 16,981 18,834 19,865 5.5 17.0
Exports 17,199 19,804 20,894 5.5 21.5
Rail Imports 4,279 6,609 6,764 2.3 58.1
Exports 2,661 3,160 3,583 13.4 34.6
Pipeline Imports 3,277 4,915 4,979 1.3 51.9
Exports 508 452 341 -24.7 -32.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. February 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with February of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to February in… Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2009 27.2 20.6 24.1
2008 -17.7 -9.8 -14.3
2007 -4.2 4.9 -0.3
2006 -5.9 6.9 -0.5
2005 5.5 18.5 11.0
2004 16.9 32.6 23.5
2003 28.0 46.4 35.7
2002 35.7 52.0 42.6
2001 28.4 38.3 32.7
2000 28.3 31.2 29.6

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   February 2009 January2010 February 2010 Percent Change January-February 2010 Percent Change February 2009-2010
All Surface Modes Imports 15,630 18,681 19,226 2.9 23.0
Exports 14,165 15,508 17,047 9.9 20.3
Total 29,795 34,189 36,273 6.1 21.7
Truck Imports 8,528 8,526 9,076 6.5 6.4
Exports 10,529 11,868 13,004 9.6 23.5
Rail Imports 3,026 4,528 4,563 0.8 50.8
Exports 1,512 1,798 2,067 15.0 36.7
Pipeline Imports 3,270 4,901 4,964 1.3 51.8
Exports 466 352 280 -20.4 -39.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by February 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State February 2010
1 Michigan 5,239
2 Illinois 3,294
3 Ohio 2,276
4 New York 2,156
5 California 2,074
6 Texas 1,872
7 Washington 1,660
8 Pennsylvania 1,544
9 Indiana 1,289
10 Tennessee 966

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   February 2009 January2010 February 2010 Percent Change January-February 2010 Percent Change February 2009-2010
All Surface Modes Imports 9,956 12,635 13,319 5.4 33.8
Exports 8,187 9,873 9,900 0.3 20.9
Total 18,143 22,508 23,219 3.2 28.0
Truck Imports 8,453 10,309 10,789 4.7 27.6
Exports 6,670 7,936 7,890 -0.6 18.3
Rail Imports 1,253 2,081 2,201 5.8 75.7
Exports 1,149 1,362 1,515 11.2 31.9
Pipeline Imports 7 13 14 7.7 105.9
Exports 42 100 61 -39.6 43.3

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by February 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State February 2010
1 Texas 8,149
2 California 3,378
3 Michigan 2,601
4 Arizona 898
5 Illinois 783
6 Ohio 589
7 Tennessee 479
8 Indiana 411
9 North Carolina 388
10 Wisconsin 366

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/