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March 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 37.0 Percent from March 2009

March 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 37.0 Percent from March 2009

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 27-10
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Tuesday, June 1, 2010 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 37.0 percent higher in March 2010 than in March 2009, reaching $69.9 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1). The 37.0 percent increase from March 2009 to March 2010 is the largest year-over-year rise on record but freight value in March 2010 still remained 1.2 percent less than the value in March 2008, two years earlier (Table 2).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 17.6 percent in March 2010 from February 2010 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. In March, 86.9 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in March was up 17.7 percent compared to March 2005, and up 33.6 percent compared to March 2000, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in March were up 31.8 percent compared to March 2000, while exports were up 35.8 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $42.1 billion in March, up 35.6 percent compared to March 2009 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 19.4 percent higher in March 2010 compared to March 2009, while the value of exports carried by truck was 30.4 percent higher during this period.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in March with $ 5.8 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $27.8 billion in March, up 39.1 percent compared to March 2009 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 39.0 percent higher in March 2010 than March 2009 while the value of exports carried by truck was 31.6 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in March with $9.6 billion, the largest amount of trade between Texas and Mexico on record, exceeding the previous high of $9.0 billion in October 2008 (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. March TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of May 12.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/. BTS will release April TransBorder numbers on June 29.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2008 2009 2010 Percent Change 2008-2009 Percent Change 2009-2010
January 65,160 47,459 56,697 -27.2 19.5
February 69,406 47,938 59,492 -30.9 24.1
March 70,787 51,055 69,943 -27.9 37.0
April 74,317 49,729   -33.1  
May 74,128 47,881   -35.4  
June 74,139 50,753   -31.5  
July 71,628 51,545   -28.0  
August 72,254 54,254   -24.9  
September 71,801 57,294   -20.2  
October 72,683 61,400   -15.5  
November 60,661 58,922   -2.9  
December 52,910 58,465   10.5  
Year-to-date 205,353 146,453 186,132 -28.7 27.1
Annual 829,875 636,695   -23.3  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   March 2009 February 2010 March 2010 Percent Change February-March 2010 Percent Change March 2009-2010
All Surface Modes Imports 27,171 32,545 38,014 16.8 39.9
Exports 23,884 26,947 31,929 18.5 33.7
Total 51,055 59,492 69,943 17.6 37.0
Truck Imports 18,707 19,865 24,177 21.7 29.2
Exports 18,931 20,894 24,772 18.6 30.9
Rail Imports 4,613 6,764 7,716 14.1 67.2
Exports 2,746 3,583 4,283 19.5 56.0
Pipeline Imports 2,907 4,979 5,219 4.8 79.5
Exports 285 341 603 77.0 111.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 3. March 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with March of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to March in… Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2009 39.9 33.7 37.0
2008 -5.2 4.0 -1.2
2007 -4.8 6.9 0.3
2006 -1.1 7.2 2.5
2005 13.0 23.7 17.7
2004 18.7 31.7 24.3
2003 32.5 54.4 41.7
2002 45.1 64.5 53.4
2001 33.3 47.1 39.3
2000 31.8 35.8 33.6

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   March 2009 February 2010 March 2010 Percent Change February-March 2010 Percent Change March 2009-2010
All Surface Modes Imports 15,942 19,226 22,007 14.5 38.0
Exports 15,106 17,047 20,098 17.9 33.0
Total 31,048 36,273 42,105 16.1 35.6
Truck Imports 9,323 9,076 11,136 22.7 19.4
Exports 11,715 13,004 15,273 17.5 30.4
Rail Imports 3,020 4,563 5,073 11.2 68.0
Exports 1,609 2,067 2,608 26.1 62.1
Pipeline Imports 2,900 4,964 5,205 4.8 79.5
Exports 247 280 475 69.8 92.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by March 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State March 2010
1  Michigan 5,800
2  Illinois 3,860
3  Ohio 2,765
4  New York 2,548
5  California 2,548
6  Texas 2,275
7  Pennsylvania 1,660
8  Washington 1,601
9  Indiana 1,506
10  Tennessee 1,118

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   March 2009 February 2010 March 2010 Percent Change February-March 2010 Percent Change March 2009-2010
All Surface Modes Imports 11,230 13,319 16,007 20.2 42.5
Exports 8,778 9,900 11,831 19.5 34.8
Total 20,007 23,219 27,838 19.9 39.1
Truck Imports 9,383 10,789 13,042 20.9 39.0
Exports 7,216 7,890 9,499 20.4 31.6
Rail Imports 1,593 2,201 2,643 20.1 65.9
Exports 1,137 1,515 1,675 10.5 47.4
Pipeline Imports 7 14 14 -3.7 87.4
Exports 39 61 127 109.9 228.5

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by March 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State March 2010
1 Texas 9,633
2 California 4,287
3 Michigan 3,060
4 Arizona 1,027
5 Illinois 966
6 Ohio 728
7 Tennessee 545
8 Indiana 456
9 North Carolina 445
10 Wisconsin 425

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/