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April 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 32.4 Percent from April 2009

April 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 32.4 Percent from April 2009

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 32-10
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Tuesday, June 29, 2010 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 32.4 percent higher in April 2010 than in April 2009, reaching $65.8 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1). The 32.4 percent increase is the third consecutive monthly increase of at least 24 percent from the previous year. Freight value in April 2010 still remained 11.4 percent less than the value in April 2008, two years earlier (Table 3).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico fell 5.9 percent in April 2010 from March 2010 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. In April, 86.6 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in April was up 12.9 percent compared to April 2005, and up 40.5 percent compared to April 2000, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in April were up 38.2 percent compared to April 2000, while exports were up 43.3 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $39.9 billion in April, up 32.1 percent compared to April 2009 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 21.5 percent higher in April 2010 compared to April 2009, while the value of exports carried by truck was 31.6 percent higher during this period.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in April with $5.5 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $25.9 billion in April, up 32.8 percent compared to April 2009 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 31.2 percent higher in April 2010 than April 2009 while the value of exports carried by truck was 28.6 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in April with $9.1 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. April TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of June 10.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/. BTS will release May TransBorder numbers on July 29.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2008 2009 2010 Percent Change 2008-2009 Percent Change 2009-2010
January 65,160 47,459 56,697 -27.2 19.5
February 69,406 47,938 59,492 -30.9 24.1
March 70,787 51,055 69,943 -27.9 37.0
April 74,317 49,729 65,831 -33.1 32.4
May 74,128 47,881   -35.4  
June 74,139 50,753   -31.5  
July 71,628 51,545   -28.0  
August 72,254 54,254   -24.9  
September 71,801 57,294   -20.2  
October 72,683 61,400   -15.5  
November 60,661 58,922   -2.9  
December 52,910 58,465   10.5  
Year-to-date 279,670 196,182 251,962 -29.9 28.4
Annual 829,875 636,695   -23.3  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   April 2009 March 2010 April 2010 Percent Change March-April 2010 Percent Change April 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 26,710 38,014 35,785 -5.9 34.0
Exports 23,019 31,929 30,045 -5.9 30.5
Total 49,729 69,943 65,831 -5.9 32.4
Truck Imports 17,993 24,177 22,776 -5.8 26.6
Exports 17,935 24,772 23,404 -5.5 30.5
Rail Imports 4,549 7,716 7,222 -6.4 58.8
Exports 2,816 4,283 4,020 -6.1 42.7
Pipeline Imports 3,082 5,219 4,922 -5.7 59.7
Exports 256 603 380 -37.0 48.4

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 3. April 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with April of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to April in…  Percent Change                         
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2009 34.0 30.5 32.4
2008 -15.3 -6.4 -11.4
2007 -3.1 6.9 1.3
2006 1.9 12.9 6.6
2005 7.8 19.7 12.9
2004 17.7 31.8 23.8
2003 34.9 48.0 40.5
2002 33.7 50.0 40.7
2001 34.2 49.2 40.7
2000 38.2 43.3 40.5

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   April 2009 March 2010 April 2010 Percent Change March-April 2010 Percent Change April 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 15,563 22,007 20,908 -5.0 34.3
Exports 14,654 20,098 19,018 -5.4 29.8
Total 30,217 42,105 39,926 -5.2 32.1
Truck Imports 8,637 11,136 10,497 -5.7 21.5
Exports 11,133 15,273 14,654 -4.1 31.6
Rail Imports 3,017 5,073 4,892 -3.6 62.2
Exports 1,646 2,608 2,319 -11.1 40.9
Pipeline Imports 3,073 5,205 4,906 -5.7 59.6
Exports 212 475 293 -38.3 38.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by April 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State April 2010
1 Michigan 5,461
2 Illinois 3,535
3 Ohio 2,573
4 California 2,524
5 New York 2,449
6 Texas 2,097
7 Washington 1,577
8 Pennsylvania 1,458
9 Indiana 1,413
10 Tennessee 987

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   April 2009 March 2010 April 2010 Percent Change March-April 2010 Percent Change April 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 11,147 16,007 14,878 -7.1 33.5
Exports 8,365 11,831 11,027 -6.8 31.8
Total 19,512 27,838 25,905 -6.9 32.8
Truck Imports 9,356 13,042 12,279 -5.8 31.2
Exports 6,803 9,499 8,750 -7.9 28.6
Rail Imports 1,532 2,643 2,330 -11.8 52.1
Exports 1,170 1,675 1,700 1.5 45.3
Pipeline Imports 9 14 16 14.3 68.8
Exports 44 127 87 -31.9 97.6

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by April 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State April 2010
1 Texas 9,144
2 California 3,866
3 Michigan 2,841
4 Arizona 954
5 Illinois 824
6 Ohio 690
7 Tennessee 534
8 Indiana 455
9 North Carolina 402
10 Pennsylvania 386

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/