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May 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 39.5 Percent from May 2009

May 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 39.5 Percent from May 2009

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 37-10
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, July 29, 2010 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 39.5 percent higher in May 2010 than in May 2009, reaching $66.8 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1). The 39.5 percent increase was the largest percentage year over year increase in total U.S.-NAFTA trade by surface modes on record back to April 1994. May was the third month in the last four with a record percentage year-over-year increase.

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in May 2010 remained 9.9 percent below the May 2008 level despite the 2009-2010 increase (Table 3). North American surface freight value rose 1.5 percent in May 2010 from April 2010 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. In May, 86.2 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in May was up 15.4 percent compared to May 2005, and up 36.2 percent compared to May 2000, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in May were up 31.8 percent compared to May 2000, while exports were up 41.8 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $40.2 billion in May, up 37.5 percent compared to May 2009 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 32.0 percent higher in May 2010 compared to May 2009, while the value of exports carried by truck was 34.5 percent higher during this period.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in May with $5.5 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $26.6 billion in May, up 42.7 percent compared to May 2009 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 36.1 percent higher in May 2010 than May 2009 while the value of exports carried by truck was 43.2 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in May with $9.4 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. May TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of July 12.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/. BTS will release June TransBorder numbers on Aug. 31.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2008 2009 2010 Percent Change      2008-2009 Percent Change 2009-2010
January 65,160 47,459 56,697 -27.2 19.5
February 69,406 47,938 59,492 -30.9 24.1
March 70,787 51,055 69,943 -27.9 37.0
April 74,317 49,729 65,831 -33.1 32.4
May 74,128 47,881 66,805 -35.4 39.5
June 74,139 50,753   -31.5  
July 71,628 51,545   -28.0  
August 72,254 54,254   -24.9  
September 71,801 57,294   -20.2  
October 72,683 61,400   -15.5  
November 60,661 58,922   -2.9  
December 52,910 58,465   10.5  
Year-to-date 353,798 244,063 318,767 -31.0 30.6
Annual 829,875 636,695   -23.3  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   May 2009 April 2010 May 2010 Percent Change April-May 2010 Percent Change May 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 25,595 35,785 36,160 1.0 41.3
Exports 22,286 30,045 30,646 2.0 37.5
Total 47,881 65,831 66,805 1.5 39.5
Truck Imports 17,233 22,776 23,121 1.5 34.2
Exports 17,447 23,404 24,021 2.6 37.7
Rail Imports 4,448 7,222 7,430 2.9 67.1
Exports 2,750 4,020 4,045 0.6 47.1
Pipeline Imports 2,904 4,922 4,959 0.8 70.8
Exports 304 380 308 -19.0 1.3

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 3. May 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with May of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to May in...                               Percent Change                         
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2009 41.3 37.5 39.5
2008 -12.6 -6.4 -9.9
2007 -7.1 0.5 -3.8
2006 -2.9 6.6 1.2
2005 11.3 20.8 15.4
2004 19.7 33.5 25.7
2003 30.4 45.4 36.9
2002 31.2 46.2 37.7
2001 27.4 44.5 34.7
2000 31.8 41.8 36.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   May 2009 April 2010 May 2010 Percent Change April-May 2010 Percent Change May 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 14,799 20,908 20,936 0.1 41.5
Exports 14,435 19,018 19,269 1.3 33.5
Total 29,234 39,926 40,204 0.7 37.5
Truck Imports 8,022 10,497 10,586 0.8 32.0
Exports 11,091 14,654 14,918 1.8 34.5
Rail Imports 3,098 4,892 5,025 2.7 62.2
Exports 1,661 2,319 2,333 0.6 40.5
Pipeline Imports 2,892 4,906 4,946 0.8 71.0
Exports 259 293 248 -15.3 -4.0

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by May 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State May 2010
1 Michigan 5,465
2 Illinois 3,550
3 California 2,773
4 Ohio 2,696
5 New York 2,283
6 Texas 2,228
7 Pennsylvania 1,622
8 Indiana 1,424
9 Washington 1,421
10 Minnesota 1,212

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   May 2009 April 2010 May 2010 Percent Change April-May 2010 Percent Change May 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 10,796 14,878 15,224 2.3 41.0
Exports 7,851 11,027 11,377 3.2 44.9
Total 18,647 25,905 26,601 2.7 42.7
Truck Imports 9,211 12,279 12,535 2.1 36.1
Exports 6,356 8,750 9,103 4.0 43.2
Rail Imports 1,350 2,330 2,405 3.2 78.2
Exports 1,098 1,700 1,711 0.7 57.2
Pipeline Imports 12 16 13 -19.3 10.1
Exports 45 87 59 -31.6 31.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by May 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State May 2010
1 Texas 9,391
2 California 4,001
3 Michigan 2,879
4 Arizona 989
5 Illinois 887
6 Ohio 708
7 Tennessee 509
8 Indiana 446
9 North Carolina 409
10 Pennsylvania 393

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/