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August 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 25.3 Percent from August 2009

August 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 25.3 Percent from August 2009

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 51-10
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Wednesday, November 3, 2010 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 25.3 percent higher in August 2010 than in August 2009, reaching $68.0 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1). The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in August 2010 remained 5.9 percent below the August 2008 level despite the 2009-2010 increase (Table 3).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 10.9 percent in August 2010 from July 2010 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. In August, 86.3 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in August was up 12.9 percent compared to August 2005, and up 35.1 percent compared to August 2000, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in August were up 29.3 percent compared to August 2000, while exports were up 42.5 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $39.9 billion in August, up 21.1 percent compared to August 2009 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 23.2 percent higher in August 2010 compared to August 2009, while the value of exports carried by truck was 19.8 percent higher during this period.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in August with $5.4 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $28.1 billion in August, up 31.7 percent compared to August 2009 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 29.1 percent higher in August 2010 than August 2009 while the value of exports carried by truck was 30.6 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in August with $10.2 billion. This is the first time in the 15-year history of the TransBorder Freight Data that a state has exceeded $10 billion of surface trade with Mexico.

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. August TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Oct. 14.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/. BTS will release September TransBorder numbers on Nov. 30.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2008 2009 2010 Percent Change      2008-2009 Percent Change 2009-2010
January 65,160 47,459 56,697 -27.2 19.5
February 69,406 47,938 59,492 -30.9 24.1
March 70,787 51,055 69,943 -27.9 37.0
April 74,317 49,729 65,831 -33.1 32.4
May 74,128 47,881 66,805 -35.4 39.5
June 74,139 50,753 69,859 -31.5 37.6
July 71,628 51,545 61,260 -28.0 18.8
August 72,254 54,254 67,964 -24.9 25.3
September 71,801 57,294   -20.2  
October 72,683 61,400   -15.5  
November 60,661 58,922   -2.9  
December 52,910 58,465   10.5  
Year-to-date 571,819 400,614 517,851 -29.9 29.3
Annual 829,875 636,695   -23.3  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   August 2009 July 2010 August 2010 Percent Change July-August 2010 Percent ChangeAugust 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 28,862 32,499 36,465 12.2 26.3
Exports 25,392 28,761 31,500 9.5 24.1
Total 54,254 61,260 67,964 10.9 25.3
Truck Imports 18,380 21,345 23,227 8.8 26.4
Exports 20,065 22,903 24,861 8.5 23.9
Rail Imports 5,350 5,560 7,480 34.5 39.8
Exports 3,074 3,283 3,844 17.1 25.1
Pipeline Imports 4,130 4,805 4,662 -3.0 12.9
Exports 147 229 413 80.0 180.6

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 3. August 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with August of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to August in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2009 26.3 24.1 25.3
2008 -10.7 0.2 -5.9
2007 -7.3 5.7 -1.7
2006 -3.4 10.1 2.4
2005 5.7 22.7 12.9
2004 16.7 41.0 26.9
2003 40.5 65.2 51.0
2002 36.3 57.6 45.4
2001 36.4 54.3 44.2
2000 29.3 42.5 35.1

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   August 2009 July 2010 August 2010 Percent ChangeJuly-August 2010 Percent ChangeAugust 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 16,955 18,599 20,725 11.4 22.2
Exports 15,971 17,732 19,155 8.0 19.9
Total 32,925 36,331 39,880 9.8 21.1
Truck Imports 8,511 9,293 10,488 12.9 23.2
Exports 12,423 13,670 14,882 8.9 19.8
Rail Imports 3,589 3,988 4,856 21.8 35.3
Exports 1,783 1,997 2,162 8.3 21.2
Pipeline Imports 4,115 4,788 4,646 -3.0 12.9
Exports 100 181 227 25.2 126.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by August 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State August 2010
1 Michigan 5,358
2 Illinois 3,700
3 California 2,971
4 Ohio 2,304
5 Texas 2,266
6 New York 2,201
7 Pennsylvania 1,655
8 Washington 1,467
9 Indiana 1,355
10 Minnesota 1,197

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   August 2009 July 2010 August 2010 Percent ChangeJuly-August 2010 Percent ChangeAugust 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 11,907 13,900 15,740 13.2 32.2
Exports 9,421 11,029 12,345 11.9 31.0
Total 21,328 24,929 28,085 12.7 31.7
Truck Imports 9,869 12,052 12,740 5.7 29.1
Exports 7,641 9,233 9,979 8.1 30.6
Rail Imports 1,761 1,572 2,624 67.0 49.0
Exports 1,291 1,287 1,682 30.8 30.3
Pipeline Imports 15 17 16 -7.9 9.2
Exports 47 48 186 285.3 294.0

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by August 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State August 2010
1 Texas 10,177
2 California 4,002
3 Michigan 3,322
4 Illinois 969
5 Ohio 736
6 Arizona 703
7 Tennessee 572
8 Indiana 485
9 North Carolina 448
10 Wisconsin 434

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/