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October 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 14.9 Percent from October 2009

October 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 14.9 Percent from October 2009

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 01-11
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Wednesday January 5, 2011 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 14.9 percent higher in October 2010 than in October 2009, reaching $70.6 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1). The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in October 2010 remained 2.9 percent below the October 2008 level despite the 2009-2010 increase (Table 3).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 3.3 percent in October 2010 from September 2010 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. In October, 86.1 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in October was up 10.3 percent compared to October 2005, and up 36.4 percent compared to October 2000, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in October were up 28.0 percent compared to October 2000, while exports were up 47.5 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $40.7 billion in October, up 12.2 percent compared to October 2009 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 11.6 percent higher in October 2010 compared to October 2009, while the value of exports carried by truck was 13.7 percent higher during this period.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in October with $5.3 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $29.9 billion in October, up 18.8 percent compared to October 2009 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 17.2 percent higher in October 2010 than October 2009 while the value of exports carried by truck was 13.8 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in October with $10.9 billion. October was the third straight month in which Texas trade with Mexico by surface modes exceeded $10 billion.

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. October TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Dec. 10. The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/. BTS will release November TransBorder numbers on Feb. 1.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2008 2009 2010 Percent Change 2008-2009 Percent Change 2009-2010
January 65,160 47,459 56,697 -27.2 19.5
February 69,406 47,938 59,492 -30.9 24.1
March 70,787 51,055 69,943 -27.9 37.0
April 74,317 49,729 65,831 -33.1 32.4
May 74,128 47,881 66,805 -35.4 39.5
June 74,139 50,753 69,859 -31.5 37.6
July 71,628 51,545 61,260 -28.0 18.8
August 72,254 54,254 67,964 -24.9 25.3
September 71,801 57,294     68,324 -20.2  19.3
October 72,683 61,400  70,565 -15.5  14.9
November 60,661 58,922   -2.9  
December 52,910 58,465   10.5  
Year-to-date 716,304 519,308 656,740 -27.5 26.5
Annual 829,875 636,695   -23.3  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2009 September 2010 October 2010 Percent Change September-October 2010 Percent ChangeOctober 2009-2010
All Surface Modes Imports 33,104 36,573 37,490 2.5 13.2
Exports 28,296 31,752 33,074 4.2 16.9
Total 61,400 68,324 70,565 3.3 14.9
Truck Imports 21,464 23,484 24,603 4.8 14.6
Exports 22,511 24,981 25,607 2.5 13.8
Rail Imports 6,292 7,466 7,615 2.0 21.0
Exports 3,382 3,858 4,149 7.5 22.7
Pipeline Imports 4,218 4,489 4,104 -8.6 -2.7
Exports 237 281 861 206.1 263.5

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 3. October 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with October of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to October in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2009 13.2 16.9 14.9
2008 -6.1 0.9 -2.9
2007 -10.7 2.5 -5.0
2006 -1.2 14.4 5.6
2005 0.8 23.5 10.3
2004 15.1 36.1 24.1
2003 25.6 47.0 34.8
2002 33.0 54.1 42.2
2001 39.9 58.6 48.1
2000 28.0 47.5 36.4

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2009 September 2010 October 2010 Percent Change September-October 2010 Percent ChangeOctober 2009-2010
All Surface Modes Imports 19,009 20,604 20,796 0.9 9.4
Exports 17,250 19,616 19,894 1.4 15.3
Total 36,260 40,220 40,690 1.2 12.2
Truck Imports 9,865 10,550 11,014 4.4 11.6
Exports 13,669 15,293 15,543 1.6 13.7
Rail Imports 4,143 4,757 4,884 2.7 17.9
Exports 1,739 2,136 2,219 3.9 27.6
Pipeline Imports 4,201 4,474 4,085 -8.7 -2.8
Exports 138 130 208 59.8 50.3

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by October 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State October 2010
1 Michigan 5,267
2 Illinois 3,356
3 California 2,912
4 Ohio 2,479
5 New York 2,384
6 Texas 2,362
7 Pennsylvania 1,606
8 Washington 1,502
9 Indiana 1,406
10 Minnesota 1,279

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2009 September 2010 October 2010 Percent Change September-October 2010 Percent ChangeOctober 2009-2010
All Surface Modes Imports 14,095 15,969 16,695 4.5 18.4
Exports 11,045 12,136 13,180 8.6 19.3
Total 25,140 28,105 29,875 6.3 18.8
Truck Imports 11,599 12,934 13,589 5.1 17.2
Exports 8,842 9,688 10,064 3.9 13.8
Rail Imports 2,149 2,709 2,731 0.8 27.1
Exports 1,643 1,721 1,929 12.1 17.4
Pipeline Imports 18 15 19 23.6 6.2
Exports 99 151 653 331.9 562.3

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by October 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State October 2010
1 Texas 10,910
2 California 4,465
3 Michigan 3,430
4 Illinois 997
5 Ohio 805
6 Arizona 783
7 Tennessee 567
8 Indiana 516
9 Wisconsin 444
10 North Carolina 435

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/