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November 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 15.5 Percent from November 2009

November 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 15.5 Percent from November 2009

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 05-11
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Tuesday, February 1, 2011 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 15.5 percent higher in November 2010 than in November 2009, reaching $68.1 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico fell 3.6 percent in November 2010 from October 2010 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. In November, 86.1 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in November was up 8.2 percent compared to November 2005, and up 36.7 percent compared to November 2000, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in November were up 29.7 percent compared to November 2000, while exports were up 45.8 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $39.5 billion in November, up 12.6 percent compared to November 2009 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 11.5 percent higher in November 2010 compared to November 2009, while the value of exports carried by truck was 12.6 percent higher during this period.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in November with $4.5 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $28.6 billion in November, up 19.7 percent compared to November 2009 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 22.4 percent higher in November 2010 than November 2009 while the value of exports carried by truck was 21.9 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in November with $10.3 billion.

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. November TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Jan. 14.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/. BTS will release December TransBorder numbers on March 1.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2008 2009 2010 Percent Change      2008-2009 Percent Change 2009-2010
January 65,160 47,459 56,697 -27.2 19.5
February 69,406 47,938 59,492 -30.9 24.1
March 70,787 51,055 69,943 -27.9 37.0
April 74,317 49,729 65,831 -33.1 32.4
May 74,128 47,881 66,805 -35.4 39.5
June 74,139 50,753 69,859 -31.5 37.6
July 71,628 51,545 61,260 -28.0 18.8
August 72,254 54,254 67,964 -24.9 25.3
September 71,801 57,294 68,324 -20.2 19.3
October 72,683 61,400 70,565 -15.5 14.9
November 60,661 58,922 68,060 -2.9 15.5
December 52,910 58,465   10.5  
Year-to-date 776,965 578,231 724,800 -25.6 25.3
Annual 829,875 636,695   -23.3  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior torounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   November 2009 October 2010 November 2010 Percent Change October - November 2010 Percent Change November 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 31,693 37,490 36,544 -2.5 15.3
Exports 27,229 33,074 31,516 -4.7 15.7
Total 58,922 70,565 68,060 -3.6 15.5
Truck Imports 20,236 24,603 23,761 -3.4 17.4
Exports 21,225 25,607 24,660 -3.7 16.2
Rail Imports 6,126 7,615 7,222 -5.2 17.9
Exports 3,480 4,149 3,912 -5.7 12.4
Pipeline Imports 4,187 4,104 4,413 7.5 5.4
Exports 281 861 482 -44.0 71.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 3. November 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with November of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to November in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2009 15.3 15.7 15.5
2008 11.4 13.1 12.2
2007 -7.9 2.7 -3.3
2006 -0.7 12.5 5.0
2005 0.4 18.9 8.2
2004 14.2 30.6 21.2
2003 33.7 49.2 40.5
2002 39.4 56.7 46.9
2001 45.6 63.2 53.2
2000 29.7 45.8 36.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   November 2009 October 2010 November 2010 Percent Change October - November 2010 Percent Change November 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 18,168 20,796 20,461 -1.6 12.6
Exports 16,880 19,894 19,012 -4.4 12.6
Total 35,048 40,690 39,472 -3.0 12.6
Truck Imports 9,299 11,014 10,373 -5.8 11.5
Exports 13,026 15,543 14,667 -5.6 12.6
Rail Imports 3,923 4,884 4,893 0.2 24.7
Exports 1,899 2,219 2,133 -3.9 12.3
Pipeline Imports 4,172 4,085 4,398 7.7 5.4
Exports 208 208 306 47.5 47.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by November 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State November 2010
1 Michigan 4,536
2 Illinois 3,742
3 New York 2,868
4 California 2,847
5 Ohio 2,486
6 Texas 2,159
7 Washington 1,644
8 Pennsylvania 1,502
9 Indiana 1,227
10 Minnesota 1,187

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   November 2009 October 2010 November 2010 Percent Change October - November 2010 Percent Change November 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 13,525 16,695 16,083 -3.7 18.9
Exports 10,349 13,180 12,504 -5.1 20.8
Total 23,875 29,875 28,587 -4.3 19.7
Truck Imports 10,937 13,589 13,389 -1.5 22.4
Exports 8,199 10,064 9,993 -0.7 21.9
Rail Imports 2,203 2,731 2,328 -14.7 5.7
Exports 1,580 1,929 1,780 -7.8 12.6
Pipeline Imports 15 19 15 -21.5 1.5
Exports 73 653 175 -73.2 140.1

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by November 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State November 2010
1 Texas 10,271
2 California 4,399
3 Michigan 3,109
4 Illinois 908
5 Arizona 799
6 Ohio 780
7 Tennessee 572
8 Indiana 505
9 North Carolina 453
10 Pennsylvania 411

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/