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December 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 13.8 Percent from December 2009

December 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 13.8 Percent from December 2009

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 12-11
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Tuesday, March 1, 2011 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 13.8 percent higher in December 2010 than in December 2009, reaching $66.5 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico fell 2.2 percent in December 2010 from November 2010 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. In December, 84.8 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in December was up 12.6 percent compared to December 2005, and up 48.6 percent compared to December 2000, a period of 10 years. Imports in December were up 41.9 percent compared to December 2000, while exports were up 57.7 percent (Table 3).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $39.8 billion in December, up 12.2 percent compared to December 2009. The value of imports carried by truck was 17.7 percent higher in December 2010 compared to December 2009, while the value of exports carried by truck was 10.4 percent higher during this period (Table 4).

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in December with $4.7 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $26.8 billion in December, up 16.3 percent compared to December 2009. The value of imports carried by truck was 16.3 percent higher in December 2010 than December 2009 while the value of exports carried by truck was 18.7 percent higher (Table 6).

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in December with $9.5 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. December TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Feb. 16.

The news release and summary tables can be found at http://www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/. BTS will release January TransBorder numbers on March 29.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2008 2009 2010 Percent Change 2008-2009 Percent Change 2009-2010
January 65,160 47,459 56,697 -27.2 19.5
February 69,406 47,938 59,492 -30.9 24.1
March 70,787 51,055 69,943 -27.9 37.0
April 74,317 49,729 65,831 -33.1 32.4
May 74,128 47,881 66,805 -35.4 39.5
June 74,139 50,753 69,859 -31.5 37.6
July 71,628 51,545 61,260 -28.0 18.8
August 72,254 54,254 67,964 -24.9 25.3
September 71,801 57,294 68,324 -20.2 19.3
October 72,683 61,400 70,565 -15.5 14.9
November 60,661 58,922 68,060 -2.9 15.5
December 52,910 58,465 66,530 10.5 13.8
Annual 829,875 636,695 791,329 -23.3 24.3

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   December 2009 November 2010 December 2010 Percent Change November - December 2010 Percent Change December 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 32,030 36,544 36,345 -0.5 13.5
Exports 26,435 31,516 30,185 -4.2 14.2
Total 58,465 68,060 66,530 -2.2 13.8
Truck Imports 19,223 23,761 22,480 -5.4 16.9
Exports 20,600 24,660 23,390 -5.1 13.5
Rail Imports 6,451 7,222 7,106 -1.6 10.2
Exports 3,317 3,912 3,785 -3.2 14.1
Pipeline Imports 5,125 4,413 5,157 16.9 0.6
Exports 373 482 549 13.9 47.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 3. December 2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with December of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to December in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2009 13.5 14.2 13.8
2008 25.7 25.8 25.7
2007 5.4 14.3 9.2
2006 7.2 20.1 12.7
2005 5.3 22.8 12.6
2004 22.5 34.8 27.8
2003 40.1 54.9 46.5
2002 54.0 75.6 63.1
2001 66.7 83.5 74.0
2000 41.9 57.7 48.6

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   December 2009 November 2010 December 2010 Percent Change November - December 2010 Percent Change December 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 18,926 20,461 21,432 4.7 13.2
Exports 16,521 19,012 18,330 -3.6 10.9
Total 35,447 39,472 39,762 0.7 12.2
Truck Imports 8,836 10,373 10,399 0.3 17.7
Exports 12,776 14,667 14,106 -3.8 10.4
Rail Imports 4,121 4,893 4,707 -3.8 14.2
Exports 1,825 2,133 2,095 -1.8 14.8
Pipeline Imports 5,107 4,398 5,142 16.9 0.7
Exports 251 306 227 -26.0 -9.8

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by December 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State December 2010
1 Michigan 4,672
2 Illinois 3,824
3 New York 3,276
4 California 2,462
5 Ohio 2,394
6 Texas 2,300
7 Washington 1,551
8 Pennsylvania 1,486
9 Minnesota 1,288
10 Indiana 1,202

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   December 2009 November 2010 December 2010 Percent Change November - December 2010 Percent Change December 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 13,104 16,083 14,913 -7.3 13.8
Exports 9,914 12,504 11,855 -5.2 19.6
Total 23,018 28,587 26,768 -6.4 16.3
Truck Imports 10,387 13,389 12,081 -9.8 16.3
Exports 7,824 9,993 9,284 -7.1 18.7
Rail Imports 2,330 2,328 2,399 3.0 2.9
Exports 1,491 1,780 1,690 -5.0 13.3
Pipeline Imports 18 15 15 4.0 -13.1
Exports 122 175 322 83.8 165.0

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by December 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State December 2010
1 Texas 9,459
2 California 4,073
3 Michigan 2,922
4 Arizona 979
5 Illinois 915
6 Ohio 686
7 Tennessee 497
8 Indiana 445
9 Georgia 414
10 North Carolina 399

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/