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2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose from 2009, Remains Lower than 2008

2010 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose from 2009, Remains Lower than 2008

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 16-11
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, March 17, 2011 - Surface transportation trade between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico increased by 24.3 percent in 2010 compared to 2009, reaching $791 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation. The 24.3 percent increase in trade was the largest year-to-year increase for the years covered by these data. NAFTA went into effect in 1994 (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that despite the increase from 2009 to 2010, the value of North American surface trade in 2010 remained below the levels of 2007 and 2008 (Table 1). Total North American surface transportation imports increased by 25.1 percent in 2010 from 2009, and exports increased by 23.3 percent during the same period (Table 2).

In 2010, 86.2 percent of U.S. merchandise trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved on land. Total North American surface transportation trade value in 2010 increased by 13.4 percent compared to 2005, and was up by 37.5 percent compared to 2000, a period of 10 years (Table 3).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S. - Canada surface transportation trade totaled $471 billion in 2010, an increase of 22.1 percent compared to 2009 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 17.3 percent higher in 2010 than 2009 while the value of exports carried by truck was 21.8 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in 2010 with $60.7 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $320.3 billion in 2010, an increase of 27.6 percent compared to 2009 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 26.5 percent higher in 2010 than 2009 while the value of exports carried by truck was 24.3 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in 2010 with $114.5 billion (Table 7). This is the first time on record that a state has had over $100 billion in trade with Mexico by surface modes of transportation in a calendar year.

The TransBorder Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are obtained by BTS from the U.S. Census Bureaus Foreign Trade Division. TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Feb. 16.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on Transborder freight data is posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/.

Table 1. Annual Value of U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico from Previous Year

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Year Amount Percent Change from Previous Year
1995 370,265 NA
1996 410,382 10.8
1997 425,977 3.8
1998 451,736 6.0
1999 501,250 11.0
2000 575,713 14.9
2001 547,312 -4.9
2002 540,795 -1.2
2003 562,776 4.1
2004 633,563 12.6
2005 697,987 10.2
2006 760,127 8.9
2007 797,303 4.9
2008 829,875 4.1
2009 636,695 -23.3
2010 791,329 24.3

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 22, 2011.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   2008 2009 2010 Percent Change 2008 - 2009 Percent Change 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 464,606 341,665 427,592 -26.5 25.1
Exports 365,269 295,031 363,738 -19.2 23.3
Total 829,875 636,695 791,329 -23.3 24.3
Truck Imports 275,577 222,866 272,186 -19.1 22.1
Exports 278,857 231,961 284,698 -16.8 22.7
Rail Imports 89,022 60,361 85,480 -32.2 41.6
Exports 51,403 35,263 45,748 -31.4 29.7
Pipeline Imports 82,212 45,786 57,744 -44.3 26.1
Exports 5,564 3,420 5,189 -38.5 51.7

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 22, 2011.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. It also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation. For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the Transborder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. Prior Year Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with 2010

Excel | CSV

2010 Compared to Percent Change to 2010
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2009 25.1 23.3 24.3
2008 -8.0 -0.4 -4.6
2007 -5.5 5.5 -0.7
2006 -1.5 11.6 4.1
2005 6.7 22.4 13.4
2004 17.3 35.1 24.9
2003 32.7 51.3 40.6
2002 38.3 57.1 46.3
2001 36.7 55.1 44.6
2000 32.1 44.3 37.5

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 22, 2011.

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   2008 2009 2010 Percent Change 2008 - 2009 Percent Change 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 301,128 201,089 246,252 -33.2 22.5
Exports 235,681 184,653 224,809 -21.7 21.7
Total 536,809 385,742 471,061 -28.1 22.1
Truck Imports 141,353 105,079 123,238 -25.7 17.3
Exports 178,593 142,545 173,588 -20.2 21.8
Rail Imports 63,757 41,058 56,996 -35.6 38.8
Exports 29,438 19,973 26,116 -32.2 30.8
Pipeline Imports 82,018 45,630 57,562 -44.4 26.1
Exports 4,313 2,632 3,151 -39.0 19.7

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 22, 2011.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. It also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation. For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the Transborder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation in 2010

Ranked by 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State 2010
1 Michigan 60,683
2 Illinois 43,139
3 California 31,509
4 Ohio 29,825
5 New York 28,998
6 Texas 25,920
7 Pennsylvania 18,850
8 Washington 18,615
9 Indiana 16,025
10 Minnesota 12,848

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 22, 2011.

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   2008 2009 2010 Percent Change 2008 - 2009 Percent Change 2009 - 2010
All Surface Modes Imports 163,478 140,576 181,339 -14.0 29.0
Exports 129,587 110,378 138,929 -14.8 25.9
Total 293,065 250,954 320,268 -14.4 27.6
Truck Imports 134,224 117,787 148,948 -12.2 26.5
Exports 100,264 89,417 111,110 -10.8 24.3
Rail Imports 25,265 19,303 28,484 -23.6 47.6
Exports 21,965 15,291 19,632 -30.4 28.4
Pipeline Imports 193 155 182 -19.6 16.9
Exports 1,250 788 2,038 -37.0 158.7

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 22, 2011.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. It also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation. For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the Transborder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation in 2010

Ranked by 2010 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State 2010
1 Texas 114,502
2 California 47,606
3 Michigan 35,106
4 Illinois 10,748
5 Arizona 10,456
6 Ohio 8,505
7 Tennessee 6,379
8 Indiana 5,509
9 North Carolina 5,156
10 Wisconsin 4,790

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 22, 2011.