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March 2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Topped $80 Billion for First Time on Record

March 2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Topped $80 Billion for First Time on Record

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 28-11
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

North American Surface Trade, April 2009 - March 2011

Table Version | Excel | CSV

North American Surface Trade, April 2009 - March 2011

Tuesday, May 31, 2011 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 15.6 percent higher in March 2011 than in March 2010, reaching $80.8 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1). March 2011 was the highest month since collection of data began in 1994, beating the previous record set in April 2008 by 8.8 percent, not adjusted for inflation.

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in March 2011 rose 58.3 percent in two years from March 2009. Trade value in March 2011 was up 14.2 percent from the early recession level of March 2008 (Table 3). See Transborder Press Releases for historic data. Values in this press release are not adjusted for inflation.

Freight value in March rose 21.5 percent from February 2011 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation includes freight movements by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, Foreign Trade Zones and other. In March, 85.8 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved on land, 9.8 percent moved by vessel, and 4.4 percent moved by air.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in March was up 18.5 percent compared to March 2006, and up 60.9 percent compared to March 2001, a period of 10 years. Imports in March were up 52.2 percent compared to March 2001, while exports were up 72.3 percent (Table 3).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $48.7 billion in March, up 15.7 percent compared to March 2010. For trade numbers by mode, see Table 4.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in March with $6.1 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $32.1 billion in March, up 15.3 percent compared to March 2010. March was the first month on record that U.S.Mexico trade has exceeded $30 billion. For trade numbers by mode, see Table 6.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in March with $11.3 billion, the highest amount of trade on record between a U.S. state and Mexico (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. March TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of May 20.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/. BTS will release April TransBorder numbers on June 29.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month     2009     2010     2011 Percent Change      2009-2010 Percent Change 2010-2011
January 47,459 56,697 67,734 19.5 19.5
February 47,938 59,492 66,534 24.1 11.8
March 51,055 69,943 80,822 37.0 15.6
April 49,729 65,831   32.4  
May 47,881 66,805   39.5  
June 50,753 69,859   37.6  
July 51,545 61,260   18.8  
August 54,254 67,964   25.3  
September 57,294 68,324   19.3  
October 61,400 70,565   14.9  
November 58,922 68,060   15.5  
December 58,465 66,530   13.8  
Year-to-date 146,453 186,132 215,090 27.1 15.6
Annual 636,695 791,329   24.3  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   March 2010 February 2011 March 2011 Percent Change February - March 2011 Percent Change March 2010 - 2011
All Surface Modes Imports 38,014 36,277 43,409 19.7 14.2
Exports 31,929 30,257 37,413 23.6 17.2
Total 69,943 66,534 80,822 21.5 15.6
Truck Imports 24,177 22,307 27,489 23.2 13.7
Exports 24,772 23,527 29,036 23.4 17.2
Rail Imports 7,716 7,252 8,358 15.3 8.3
Exports 4,283 3,748 4,817 28.5 12.5
Pipeline Imports 5,219 5,554 5,954 7.2 14.1
Exports 603 711 729 2.5 21.0

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 3. March 2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with March of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to March in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2010 14.2 17.2 15.6
2009 59.8 56.6 58.3
2008 8.3 21.9 14.2
2007 8.8 25.3 15.8
2006 12.9 25.7 18.5
2005 29.1 45.0 36.0
2004 35.6 54.3 43.6
2003 51.3 81.0 63.7
2002 65.7 92.8 77.2
2001 52.2 72.3 60.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

March 2010 February 2011 March 2011 Percent Change February - March 2011 Percent Change March 2010 - 2011 March2010 February 2011
All Surface Modes Imports 22,007 21,234 25,379 19.5 15.3
Exports 20,098 18,717 23,343 24.7 16.1
Total 42,105 39,952 48,722 22.0 15.7
Truck Imports 11,136 10,039 12,493 24.4 12.2
Exports 15,273 14,402 18,077 25.5 18.4
Rail Imports 5,073 4,901 5,722 16.8 12.8
Exports 2,608 2,048 2,692 31.5 3.2
Pipeline Imports 5,205 5,536 5,936 7.2 14.1
Exports 475 475 400 -15.7 -15.8

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by March 2011 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State March 2011
1 Michigan 6,118
2 Illinois 4,720
3 Ohio 3,321
4 New York 2,936
5 California 2,889
6 Texas 2,651
7 Pennsylvania 1,838
8 Washington 1,817
9 Indiana 1,661
10 Minnesota 1,449

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   March 2010 February 2011 March 2011 Percent Change February - March 2011 Percent Change March 2010 - 2011
All Surface Modes Imports 16,007 15,043 18,030 19.9 12.6
Exports 11,831 11,540 14,070 21.9 18.9
Total 27,838 26,583 32,099 20.8 15.3
Truck Imports 13,042 12,268 14,996 22.2 15.0
Exports 9,499 9,125 10,959 20.1 15.4
Rail Imports 2,643 2,350 2,636 12.1 -0.3
Exports 1,675 1,700 2,125 25.0 26.9
Pipeline Imports 14 18 18 1.7 28.5
Exports 127 237 329 39.0 158.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by March 2011 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State March 2011
1 Texas 11,341
2 California 4,442
3 Michigan 3,612
4 Arizona 1,095
5 Illinois 1,059
6 Ohio 913
7 Tennessee 617
8 Georgia 583
9 Indiana 572
10 North Carolina 547

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/