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May 2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 15.7 Percent from May 2010

May 2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 15.7 Percent from May 2010

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BTS 39-11
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

North American Surface Trade, June 2009 - May 2011

Table Version | Excel | CSV

North American Surface Trade, June 2009 - May 2011

Tuesday, August 2, 2011 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American neighbors, Canada and Mexico, was 15.7 percent higher in May 2011 than in May 2010, totaling $77.3 billion (Table 1), according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation.

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico, the United States North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, in May 2011 rose 61.5 percent in two years from May 2009, but has still only risen 4.3 percent above the early recession level of May 2008 (Table 3).

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in May increased by 17.2 percent when compared to May 2006, and also increased by 55.9 percent when compared to May 2001, a period of 10 years. Imports in May were up 46.4 percent since May 2001, while exports were up 68.5 percent (Table 3). See Transborder Press Releases for historic data. Values in this press release are not adjusted for inflation.

Surface transportation includes freight movements by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, Foreign Trade Zones, and other. In May, 84.8 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved via land, 11.1 percent moved by vessel, and 4.1 percent moved by air (Table 8).

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico gained 4.8 percent in May 2011 from April 2011 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

U.S.-Canada and U.S.-Mexico surface transportation trade both increased compared to May 2010 with U.S.-Canada reaching $46.3 billion, a 15.1 percent increase, and U.S.-Mexico reaching $31.0 billion, a 16.6 percent increase. For trade numbers by mode, see Table 4 for Canada and Table 6 for Mexico.

In May trade by state, Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada as it has in previous years, at $6.3 billion, a 15.6 percent increase from May 2010 (Table 5). Texas also continued to lead all states in surface trade with Mexico at $11.2 billion, an 18.8 percent increase from May 2010 (Table 7).

BTS has also recently released annual data on U.S. transshipments through Canada or Mexico to the public in a new database. Transshipments are shipments of merchandise from a country of origin to a country of ultimate destination through an intermediary country. U.S. transshipment data provide information on U.S. international merchandise transshipped through Canada or Mexico prior to reaching its ultimate destination, as well as shipments from their ultimate origin through Canada or Mexico to the U.S.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/. BTS will release June TransBorder numbers on Aug. 30.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2009 2010 2011 Percent Change 2009-2010 Percent Change 2010-2011
January 47,459 56,697 67,734 19.5 19.5
February 47,938 59,492 66,534 24.1 11.8
March 51,055 69,943 80,822 37.0 15.6
April 49,729 65,831 73,767 32.4 12.1
May 47,881 66,805 77,318 39.5 15.7
June 50,753 69,859   37.6  
July 51,545 61,260   18.8  
August 54,254 67,964   25.3  
September 57,294 68,324   19.3  
October 61,400 70,565   14.9  
November 58,922 68,060   15.5  
December 58,465 66,530   13.8  
Year-to-date 224,063 318,767 366,174 30.6 14.9
Annual 636,695 791,329   24.3  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   May 2010 April 2011 May 2011 Percent Change April - May 2011 Percent Change May 2010 - 2011
All Surface Modes Imports 36,160 39,543 41,574 5.1 15.0
Exports 30,646 34,224 35,744 4.4 16.6
Total 66,805 73,767 77,318 4.8 15.7
Truck Imports 23,121 24,626 26,156 6.2 13.1
Exports 24,021 26,329 27,275 3.6 13.5
Rail Imports 7,430 8,199 8,302 1.3 11.7
Exports 4,045 4,528 4,931 8.9 21.9
Pipeline Imports 4,959 5,510 6,096 10.6 22.9
Exports 308 981 1,021 4.1 232.1

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 3. May 2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with May of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to May in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2010 15.0 16.6 15.7
2009 62.4 60.4 61.5
2008 0.5 9.1 4.3
2007 6.8 17.2 11.4
2006 11.6 24.4 17.2
2005 27.9 40.9 33.6
2004 37.7 55.7 45.5
2003 49.9 69.6 58.4
2002 50.8 70.6 59.3
2001 46.4 68.5 55.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   May 2010 April 2011 May 2011 Percent Change April - May 2011 Percent Change May 2010 - 2011
All Surface Modes Imports 20,936 23,120 24,060 4.1 14.9
Exports 19,269 21,519 22,229 3.3 15.4
Total 40,204 44,639 46,288 3.7 15.1
Truck Imports 10,586 11,055 11,769 6.5 11.2
Exports 14,918 16,465 16,808 2.1 12.7
Rail Imports 5,025 5,678 5,561 -2.1 10.7
Exports 2,333 2,514 2,760 9.8 18.3
Pipeline Imports 4,946 5,483 6,077 10.8 22.9
Exports 248 692 701 1.3 182.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by May 2011 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

State May 2010 May 2011 Percent Change May 2010-2011
Value Rank Value Rank
Michigan 5,465 1 6,315 1 15.6
Illinois 3,550 2 4,687 2 32.0
Ohio 2,696 4 2,811 3 4.3
New York 2,283 5 2,644 4 15.8
Texas 2,228 6 2,504 5 12.4
California 2,773 3 2,204 6 -20.5
Washington 1,421 9 1,678 7 18.1
Pennsylvania 1,622 7 1,653 8 1.9
Indiana 1,424 8 1,565 9 9.9
Minnesota 1,212 10 1,524 10 25.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   May 2010 April 2011 May 2011 Percent Change April - May 2011 Percent Change May 2010 - 2011
All Surface Modes Imports 15,224 16,423 17,514 6.6 15.0
Exports 11,377 12,705 13,515 6.4 18.8
Total 26,601 29,128 31,029 6.5 16.6
Truck Imports 12,535 13,572 14,387 6.0 14.8
Exports 9,103 9,864 10,467 6.1 15.0
Rail Imports 2,405 2,521 2,741 8.7 13.9
Exports 1,711 2,014 2,170 7.8 26.8
Pipeline Imports 13 26 19 -29.9 43.8
Exports 59 289 321 11.0 440.9

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by May 2011 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

State May 2010 May 2011 Percent Change May 2010-2011
Value Rank Value Rank
Texas 9,391 1 11,157 1 18.8
California 4,001 2 4,342 2 8.5
Michigan 2,879 3 3,387 3 17.6
Arizona 989 4 1,188 4 20.1
Illinois 887 5 1,142 5 28.7
Ohio 708 6 818 6 15.5
Tennessee 509 7 571 7 12.2
Indiana 446 8 538 8 20.5
Connecticut 277 18 486 9 75.6
North Carolina 409 9 476 10 16.4

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding

Table 8. Percentage of U.S. Trade by Value with Canada and Mexico by Major Modes

May 2011 (Actual U.S. dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode Total Trade Value Percent
All Modes 91,125,981,086 100.0
All Land Modes 77,317,578,500 84.8
Air 3,695,421,870 4.1
Vessel 10,112,980,716 11.1

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data. http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes are based on actual numbers prior to rounding (if applicable).