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August 2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 18.3 Percent from August 2010

August 2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 18.3 Percent from August 2010

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BTS 54-11
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

North American Surface Trade, September 2009-August 2011

Table Version | Excel | CSV

North American Surface Trade, September 2009-August 2011

Tuesday, November 1, 2011 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American neighbors, Canada and Mexico, was 18.3 percent higher in August 2011 than in August 2010, totaling $80.4 billion (Table 1), according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation. This was the second time on record that U.S.NAFTA trade by land modes exceeded $80 billion in one month the first time was in March 2011.

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico, the United States North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, in August 2011 rose 48.2 percent in two years from August 2009 and 11.3 percent in three years from August 2008 (Table 3).

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in August increased by 21.2 percent when compared to August 2006, and also increased by 70.6 percent when compared to August 2001, a period of 10 years. Imports in August were up 59.7 percent since August 2001, while exports were up 84.8 percent (Table 3). See Transborder Press Releases for historic data. Values in this press release are not adjusted for inflation.

Surface transportation includes freight movements by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, Foreign Trade Zones, and other. In August, 86.0 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved via land, 9.6 percent moved by vessel, and 4.4 percent moved by air (Table 8).

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico increased 11.1 percent in August 2011 from July 2011 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

U.S.-Canada and U.S.-Mexico surface transportation trade both increased compared to August 2010 with U.S.-Canada reaching $47.5 billion, a 19.1 percent increase, and U.S.-Mexico reaching $32.9 billion, a 17.2 percent increase. For trade numbers by mode, see Table 4 for Canada and Table 6 for Mexico.

In August trade by state, Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada as it has in previous years, at $6.4 billion, a 19.3 percent increase from August 2010 (Table 5). Texas also continued to lead all states in surface trade with Mexico at $ 11.9 billion, a 16.7 percent increase from August 2010 (Table 7).

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/. BTS will release September TransBorder numbers on Nov. 29.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2009 2010 2011 Percent Change 2009-2010 Percent Change 2010-2011
January 47,459 56,697 67,734 19.5 19.5
February 47,938 59,492 66,534 24.1 11.8
March 51,055 69,943 80,822 37.0 15.6
April 49,729 65,831 73,767 32.4 12.1
May 47,881 66,805 77,318 39.5 15.7
June 50,753 69,859 77,521 37.6 11.0
July 51,545 61,260 72,363 18.8 18.1
August 54,254 67,964 80,406 25.3 18.3
September 57,294 68,324   19.3  
October 61,400 70,565   14.9  
November 58,922 68,060   15.5  
December 58,465 66,530   13.8  
Year-to-date 400,614 517,851 596,465 29.3 15.2
Annual 636,695 791,329   24.3  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Note: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   August 2010 July 2011 August 2011 Percent Change July-August 2011 Percent Change August 2010-2011
All Surface Modes Imports 36,465 38,788 42,685 10.0 17.1
Exports 31,500 33,576 37,722 12.3 19.8
Total 67,964 72,363 80,406 11.1 18.3
Truck Imports 23,227 23,695 26,684 12.6 14.9
Exports 24,861 25,872 29,328 13.4 18.0
Rail Imports 7,480 7,644 7,951 4.0 6.3
Exports 3,844 4,389 4,853 10.6 26.2
Pipeline Imports 4,662 6,349 6,492 2.2 39.3
Exports 413 796 861 8.3 108.6

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 3. August 2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with August of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to August in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2010 17.1 19.8 18.3
2009 47.9 48.6 48.2
2008 4.6 20.0 11.3
2007 8.5 26.6 16.3
2006 13.1 31.8 21.2
2005 23.7 46.9 33.6
2004 36.6 68.9 50.1
2003 64.4 97.8 78.6
2002 59.6 88.8 72.0
2001 59.7 84.8 70.6

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   August 2010 July 2011 August 2011 Percent Change July-August 2011 Percent Change August 2010-2011
All Surface Modes Imports 20,725 22,374 24,839 11.0 19.9
Exports 19,155 20,138 22,648 12.5 18.2
Total 39,880 42,512 47,488 11.7 19.1
Truck Imports 10,488 10,422 11,895 14.1 13.4
Exports 14,882 15,304 17,406 13.7 17.0
Rail Imports 4,856 4,806 5,281 9.9 8.8
Exports 2,162 2,335 2,608 11.7 20.6
Pipeline Imports 4,646 6,318 6,465 2.3 39.2
Exports 227 563 572 1.6 152.3

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by August 2011 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

State August 2010 August 2011 Percent Change August 2010-2011
Value Rank Value Rank
Michigan 5,358 1 6,390 1 19.3
Illinois 3,700 2 5,156 2 39.4
Ohio 2,304 4 2,970 3 28.9
Texas 2,266 5 2,700 4 19.2
New York 2,201 6 2,626 5 19.3
California 2,971 3 2,529 6 -14.9
Pennsylvania 1,655 7 1,893 7 14.4
Washington 1,467 8 1,824 8 24.3
Minnesota 1,197 10 1,653 9 38.1
Indiana 1,355 9 1,584 10 16.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   August 2010 July 2011 August 2011 Percent Change   July – August 2011 Percent Change August 2010 - 2011
All Surface Modes Imports 15,740 16,413 17,845 8.7 13.4
Exports 12,345 13,438 15,073 12.2 22.1
Total 28,085 29,851 32,919 10.3 17.2
Truck Imports 12,740 13,273 14,790 11.4 16.1
Exports 9,979 10,568 11,923 12.8 19.5
Rail Imports 2,624 2,838 2,670 -5.9 1.7
Exports 1,682 2,053 2,244 9.3 33.4
Pipeline Imports 16 31 27 -15.1 66.0
Exports 186 233 289 24.4 55.4

Notes: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by August 2011 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

State August 2010 August 2011 Percent Change August 2010-2011
Value Rank Value Rank
Texas 10,177 1 11,873 1 16.7
California 4,002 2 4,892 2 22.3
Michigan 3,322 3 3,470 3 4.5
Illinois 969 4 1,135 4 17.1
Ohio 736 5 841 5 14.2
Arizona 703 6 819 6 16.5
Tennessee 572 7 709 7 24.0
Indiana 485 8 611 8 26.0
North Carolina 448 9 532 9 18.7
Pennsylvania 429 11 464 10 8.0

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding

Table 8. Percent of U.S. Trade by Value with Canada and Mexico by Major Modes

August 2011 (Actual U.S. dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode Total Trade Value Percent
All Modes 93,450,211,856 100.0
All Land Modes 80,406,385,741 86.0
Air 4,084,150,953 4.4
Vessel 8,959,675,162 9.6

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data. http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes are based on actual numbers prior to rounding (if applicable).