[Title V - Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA) - PL 102-240]
SEC. 5001. NATIONAL GOAL TO PROMOTE INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION.
Section 302 of title 49, United States Code (relating to policy standards for transportation), is further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
``(e) Intermodal Transportation.-It is the policy of the United States Government to encourage and promote development of a national intermodal transportation system in the United States to move people and goods in an energyefficient manner, provide the foundation for improved productivity growth, strengthen the Nation's ability to compete in the global economy, and obtain the optimum yield from the Nation's transportation resources.''.
SEC. 5002. DUTIES OF SECRETARY; OFFICE OF INTERMODALISM.
(a) Duties of Secretary.-Section 301 of title 49, United States Code (relating to leadership, consultation and cooperation), is amended by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (7) as paragraphs (4) through (8), respectively, and by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new paragraph:
``(3) coordinate Federal policy on intermodal transportation and initiate policies to promote efficient intermodal transportation in the United States;''.
(b) Intermodal Transportation Advisory Board.
(1) Establishment.-There shall be established within the Office of the Secretary an Intermodal Transportation Advisory Board.
(2) Membership.-The Intermodal Transportation Advisory Board shall consist of the Secretary, who shall serve as Chairman, and the Administrator, or his or her designee, of-
(A) the Federal Highway Administration;
(B) the Federal Aviation Administration;
(C) the Maritime Administration;
(D) the Federal Railroad Administration; and
(E) the Federal Transit Administration.
(3) Functions.-The Intermodal Transportation Advisory Board shall provide recommendations for carrying out the responsibilities of the Secretary described in section 301(3) of title 49, United States Code.
(c) Office of Intermodalism.-
(1) Establishment.-The Secretary shall establish within the Office of the Secretary an Office of Intermodalism.
(2) Director.-The Office shall be headed by a Director who shall be appointed by the Secretary not later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act.
(3) Function.-The Director shall be responsible for carrying out the responsibilities of the Secretary described in section 301(3) of title 49, United States Code.
(4) Intermodal transportation data base.-The Director shall develop, maintain, and disseminate intermodal transportation data through the Bureau of Transportation Statistics. The Director shall coordinate the collection of data for the data base with the States and metropolitan planning organizations. The data base shall include-
(A) information on the volume of goods and number of people carried in intermodal transportation by relevant classification;
(B) information on patterns of movement of goods and people carried in intermodal transportation by relevant classification in terms of origin and destination; and
(C) information on public and private investment in intermodal transportation facilities and services.
The Director shall make information from the data base available to the public.
(5) Research.-The Director shall be responsible for coordinating Federal research on intermodal transportation in accordance with the plan developed pursuant to section 6009(b) of this Act and for carrying out additional research needs identified by the Director.
(6) Technical assistance.-The Director shall provide technical assistance to States and to metropolitan planning organizations for urban areas having a population of 1,000,000 or more in collecting data relating to intermodal transportation in order to facilitate the collection of such data by such States and metropolitan planning organizations.
(7) Administrative and clerical support.-The Director shall provide administrative and clerical support to the Intermodal Transportation Advisory Board.
SEC. 5003. MODEL INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION PLANS.
(a) Grants.-The Secretary shall make grants to States for the purpose of developing model State intermodal transportation plans which are consistent with the policy set forth in section 302(e) of title 49, United States Code. Such model plans shall include systems for collecting data relating to intermodal transportation.
(b) Distribution.-The Secretary shall award grants to States under this section which represent a variety of geographic regions and transportation needs, patterns, and modes.
(c) Transmittal of Plans.-As a condition to receiving a grant under this section, the Secretary shall require that a State provide assurances that the State will transmit to the Secretary a State intermodal transportation plan not later than 18 months after the date of receipt of such grant.
(d) Aggregate Amount.-The Secretary shall reserve, from amounts deducted under section 104(a) of title 23, United States Code, $3,000,000 for the purpose of making grants under this section. The aggregate amount which a State may receive in grants under this section shall not exceed $500,000.
SEC. 5004. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION ADMINISTRATION.
(a) Study.-Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall enter into an agreement with the National Academy of Public Administration to continue a study of options for organizing the Department of Transportation to increase the effectiveness of program delivery, reduce costs, and improve intermodal coordination among surface transportationrelated agencies.
(b) Report.-The Secretary shall report to Congress on the findings of the study continued under subsection (a) and recommend appropriate organizational changes no later than January 1, 1993. No organizational changes shall be implemented until such changes are approved by law.
SEC. 5005. NATIONAL COMMISSION ON INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION.
(a) Establishment.-There is established a National Commission on Intermodal Transportation.
(b) Function.-The Commission shall make a complete investigation and study of intermodal transportation in the United States and internationally. The Commission shall determine the status of intermodal transportation, the problems that exist with respect to intermodal transportation, and the resources needed to enhance intermodal transportation. Based on such investigation and study, the Commission shall recommend those policies which need to be adopted to achieve the national goal of an efficient intermodal transportation system.
(c) Specific Matters To Be Addressed.-The Commission shall specifically investigate and study the following:
(1) Intermodal standardization.-The Commission, in coordination with the National Academy of Sciences, shall examine current and potential impediments to international standardization in specific elements of intermodal transportation. The Commission shall evaluate the potential benefits and relative priority of standardization in each such element and the time period and investment necessary to adopt such standards.
(2) Intermodal impacts on public works infrastructure.-The Commission shall examine current and projected intermodal traffic flows, including the current and projected market for intermodal transportation, and how such traffic flows affect infrastructure needs. The Commission shall make recommendations as to capital needs for infrastructure development that will be required to accommodate intermodal transportation, particularly with respect to surface transportation access to airports and ports.
(3) Legal impediments to efficient intermodal transportation.-The Commission shall identify legal impediments to efficient intermodal transportation. Specifically, the Commission shall study the relationship between current regulatory schemes for individual modes of transportation and intermodal transportation efficiency.
(4) Financial issues.-The Commission shall examine existing impediments to the efficient financing of intermodal transportation improvements. In carrying out such examination, the Commission shall examine (A) the most efficient use of existing sources of funds for connecting individual modes of transportation and for accommodating transfers between such modes, and (B) the use of innovative methods of financing for making such improvements. The Commission shall examine current methods of public funding, the desirability of increased flexibility in the use of amounts in Federal transportation trust funds, and increased use of private sources of funding.
(5) New technologies.-The Commission shall study new technologies for improving intermodal transportation and problems associated with incorporating these new technologies in intermodal transportation.
(6) Documentation.-The Commission shall study problems in documentation resulting from intermodal transfers of freight and make recommendations for achieving uniform, efficient, and simplified documentation.
(7) Research and development.-The Commission shall identify the areas relating to intermodal transportation for which continued research and development is needed after the report required by this section is completed, and propose an agenda for carrying out such research and development.
(8) Productivity.-The Commission shall examine the relationship of intermodal transportation to transportation rates, transportation costs, and economic productivity.
(1) Appointment.-The Commission shall be composed of 11 members as follows:
(A) 3 members appointed by the President.
(B) 2 members appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
(C) 2 members appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives.
(D) 2 members appointed by the majority leader of the Senate.
(E) 2 members appointed by the minority leader of the Senate.
(2) Qualifications.-Members appointed pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be appointed from among individuals interested in intermodal transportation policy, including representatives of Federal, State, and local governments, other public transportation authorities or agencies, and organizations representing transportation providers, shippers, labor, the financial community, and consumers.
(3) Terms.-Members shall be appointed for the life of the Commission.
(4) Vacancies.-A vacancy in the Commission shall be filled in the manner in which the original appointment was made.
(5) Travel expenses.-Members shall serve without pay but shall receive travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in accordance with sections 5702 and 5703 of title 5, United States Code.
(6) Chairman.-The Chairman of the Commission shall be elected by the members.
(e) Staff.-The Commission may appoint and fix the pay of such personnel as it considers appropriate.
(f) Staff of Federal Agencies.-Upon request of the Commission, the head of any department or agency of the United States may detail, on a reimbursable basis, any of the personnel of that department or agency to the Commission to assist it in carrying out its duties under this section.
(g) Administrative Support Services.-Upon the request of the Commission, the Administrator of General Services shall provide to the Commission, on a reimbursable basis, the administrative support services necessary for the Commission to carry out its responsibilities under this section.
(h) Obtaining Official Data.-The Commission may secure directly from any department or agency of the United States information (other than information required by any statute of the United States to be kept confidential by such department or agency) necessary for the Commission to carry out its duties under this section. Upon request of the Commission, the head of that department or agency shall furnish such nonconfidential information to the Commission.
(i) Report and Proposed National Intermodal Transportation Plan.-Not later than September 30, 1993, the Commission shall transmit to Congress a final report on the results of the investigation and study conducted under this section. The report shall include recommendations of the Commission for implementing the policy set forth in section 302(e) of title 49, United States Code, including a proposed national intermodal transportation plan and a proposed agenda for implementing the plan.
(j) Termination.-The Commission shall terminate on the 180th day following the date of transmittal of the report under subsection (i). All records and papers of the Commission shall thereupon be delivered to the Administrator of General Services for deposit in the National Archives.