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October 2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 12.0 Percent from October 2010

October 2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 12.0 Percent from October 2010

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North American Surface Trade, November 2009 - October 2011

Table Version | Excel | CSV

North American Surface Trade, November 2009 - October 2011

Thursday, January 5, 2012 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American neighbors, Canada and Mexico, was 12.0 percent higher in October 2011 than in October 2010, totaling $79.0 billion (Table 1), according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation.

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico, the United States North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, in October 2011 rose 28.7 percent in two years from October 2009, and 8.7 percent from October 2008 (Table 3).

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in October increased by 18.2 percent when compared to October 2006, and also increased by 65.9 percent when compared to October 2001, a period of 10 years. Imports in October were up 57.8 percent since October 2001, while exports were up 76.4 percent (Table 3). See Transborder Press Releases for historic data. Values in this press release are not adjusted for inflation.

Surface transportation includes freight movements by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, Foreign Trade Zones, and other. In October , 86.1 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved via land, 9.6 percent moved by vessel, and 4.3 percent moved by air (Table 8).

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico increased 1.7 percent in October 2011 from September 2011 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

U.S.-Canada and U.S.-Mexico surface transportation trade both increased compared to October 2010 with U.S.-Canada reaching $46.4 billion, a 14.1 percent increase, and U.S.-Mexico reaching $32.6 billion, a 9.1 percent increase. For trade numbers by mode, see Table 4 for Canada and Table 6 for Mexico.

In October trade by state, Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada as it has in previous years, at $5.7 billion, an 8.3 percent increase from October 2010 (Table 5). Texas also continued to lead all states in surface trade with Mexico at $11.3 billion, a 3.8 percent increase from October 2010 (Table 7).

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data, data from previous months, and individual state data are available online on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/. BTS will release November TransBorder numbers on Jan. 31.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2009 2010 2011 Percent Change 2009-2010 Percent Change 2010-2011
January 47,459 56,697 67,734 19.5 19.5
February 47,938 59,492 66,534 24.1 11.8
March 51,055 69,943 80,822 37.0 15.6
April 49,729 65,831 73,767 32.4 12.1
May 47,881 66,805 77,318 39.5 15.7
June 50,753 69,859 77,521 37.6 11.0
July 51,545 61,260 72,363 18.8 18.1
August 54,254 67,964 80,406 25.3 18.3
September 57,294 68,324 77,725 19.3 13.8
October 61,400 70,565 79,040 14.9 12.0
November 58,922 68,060 15.5
December 58,465 66,530 13.8
Year-to-date 519,308 656,740 753,230 26.5 14.7
Annual 636,695 791,329 24.3

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Note: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2010 September 2011 October 2011 Percent Change September - October 2011 Percent Change October 2010 - 2011
All Surface Modes Imports 37,490 41,914 42,265 0.8 12.7
Exports 33,074 35,811 36,775 2.7 11.2
Total 70,565 77,725 79,040 1.7 12.0
Truck Imports 24,603 26,250 26,746 1.9 8.7
Exports 25,607 27,824 28,345 1.9 10.7
Rail Imports 7,615 8,597 8,800 2.4 15.6
Exports 4,149 4,688 5,035 7.4 21.4
Pipeline Imports 4,104 5,917 5,363 -9.4 30.7
Exports 861 767 740 -3.4 -14.0

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 3. October 2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with October of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to October in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2010 12.7 11.2 12.0
2009 27.7 30.0 28.7
2008 5.9 12.2 8.7
2007 0.7 13.9 6.5
2006 11.4 27.2 18.2
2005 13.6 37.3 23.5
2004 29.7 51.4 39.0
2003 41.6 63.4 50.9
2002 50.0 71.4 59.2
2001 57.8 76.4 65.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2010 September 2011 October 2011 Percent Change September - October 2011 Percent Change October 2010 - 2011
All Surface Modes Imports 20,796 24,482 24,187 -1.2 16.3
Exports 19,894 21,637 22,259 2.9 11.9
Total 40,690 46,119 46,445 0.7 14.1
Truck Imports 11,014 11,965 11,943 -0.2 8.4
Exports 15,543 16,712 16,949 1.4 9.0
Rail Imports 4,884 5,730 5,846 2.0 19.7
Exports 2,219 2,553 2,809 10.0 26.6
Pipeline Imports 4,085 5,884 5,341 -9.2 30.7
Exports 208 432 494 14.2 137.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Notes: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by October 2011 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

State October 2010 October 2011 Percent Change October 2010-2011
Value Rank Value Rank
Michigan 5,267 1 5,701 1 8.3
Illinois 3,356 2 4,390 2 30.8
California 2,912 3 3,266 3 12.2
Ohio 2,479 4 2,941 4 18.7
Texas 2,362 6 2,857 5 21.0
New York 2,384 5 2,462 6 3.3
Pennsylvania 1,606 7 1,878 7 16.9
Washington 1,502 8 1,600 8 6.6
Minnesota 1,279 10 1,517 9 18.6
Indiana 1,406 9 1,508 10 7.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2010 September 2011 October 2011 Percent Change September - October 2011 Percent Change October 2010 - 2011
All Surface Modes Imports 16,695 17,432 18,079 3.7 8.3
Exports 13,180 14,174 14,516 2.4 10.1
Total 29,875 31,606 32,595 3.1 9.1
Truck Imports 13,589 14,284 14,803 3.6 8.9
Exports 10,064 11,113 11,396 2.6 13.2
Rail Imports 2,731 2,866 2,955 3.1 8.2
Exports 1,929 2,134 2,226 4.3 15.4
Pipeline Imports 19 33 23 -30.7 19.3
Exports 653 334 246 -26.3 -62.3

Notes: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by October 2011 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

State October 2010 October 2011 Percent Change October 2010-2011
Value Rank Value Rank
Texas 10,910 1 11,322 1 3.8
California 4,465 2 5,160 2 15.6
Michigan 3,430 3 3,770 3 9.9
Illinois 997 4 1,031 4 3.4
Arizona 783 6 878 5 12.1
Ohio 805 5 836 6 3.8
Tennessee 567 7 728 7 28.5
Indiana 516 8 584 8 13.3
North Carolina 435 10 524 9 20.5
Pennsylvania 428 11 442 10 3.3

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding

Table 8. Percent of U.S. Trade by Value with Canada and Mexico by Major Modes

October 2011 (Actual U.S. dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode Total Trade Value Percent
All Modes 91,836,944,278 100.0
All Land Modes 79,040,142,447 86.1
Air 3,946,949,823 4.3
Vessel 8,849,852,008 9.6

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data. http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes are based on actual numbers prior to rounding (if applicable).