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December 2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 11.6 Percent from December 2010

December 2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 11.6 Percent from December 2010

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North American Surface Trade, January 2010 - December 2011

Table Version | Excel | CSV

North American Surface Trade, January 2010 - December 2011

Tuesday, February 28, 2012 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American neighbors, Canada and Mexico, was 11.6 percent higher in December 2011 than in December 2010, totaling $74.2 billion (Table 1), according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation.

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the December 2011 value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico, the United States North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, rose 27.0 percent in the past two years from December 2009, and 40.3 percent from December 2008 (Table 3).

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in December increased by 25.7 percent when compared to December 2006, and also increased by 94.1 percent when compared to December 2001, a period of 10 years. Imports in December were up 85.7 percent since December 2001, while exports were up 105.2 percent (Table 3). See Transborder Press Releases for historic data. Values in this press release are not adjusted for inflation.

Surface transportation includes freight movements by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, Foreign Trade Zones, and other. In December, 85.5 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved via land, 10.0 percent moved by vessel, and 4.5 percent moved by air (Table 8).

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico decreased 3.2 percent in December 2011 from November 2011 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

U.S.-Canada and U.S.-Mexico surface transportation trade both increased compared to December 2010 with U.S.-Canada reaching $44.2 billion, an 11.2 percent increase, and U.S.-Mexico reaching $30.0 billion, a 12.1 percent increase. For trade numbers by mode, see Table 4 for Canada and Table 6 for Mexico.

In December trade by state, Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada as it has in previous years, at $5.6 billion, a 19.7 percent increase from December 2010 (Table 5). Texas also continued to lead all states in surface trade with Mexico at $10.3 billion, an 8.7 percent increase from December 2010 (Table 7).

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data, data from previous months, and individual state data are available online on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/. BTS has scheduled release of January TransBorder numbers for March 27.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2009 2010 2011 Percent Change 2009-2010 Percent Change 2010-2011
January 47,459 56,697 67,734 19.5 19.5
February 47,938 59,492 66,534 24.1 11.8
March 51,055 69,943 80,822 37.0 15.6
April 49,729 65,831 73,767 32.4 12.1
May 47,881 66,805 77,318 39.5 15.7
June 50,753 69,859 77,521 37.6 11.0
July 51,545 61,260 72,363 18.8 18.1
August 54,254 67,964 80,406 25.3 18.3
September 57,294 68,324 77,725 19.3 13.8
October 61,400 70,565 79,040 14.9 12.0
November 58,922 68,060 76,672 15.5 12.7
December 58,465 66,530 74,230 13.8 11.6
Annual 636,695 791,329 904,133 24.3 14.3

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

NOTE: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode December 2010 November 2011 December 2011 Percent Change November-December 2011 Percent Change December 2010-2011
All Surface Modes Imports 36,345 41,251 40,469 -1.9 11.3
Exports 30,185 35,421 33,761 -4.7 11.8
Total 66,530 76,672 74,230 -3.2 11.6
Truck Imports 22,480 26,311 23,999 -8.8 6.8
Exports 23,390 27,338 26,126 -4.4 11.7
Rail Imports 7,106 8,134 8,689 6.8 22.3
Exports 3,785 4,838 4,463 -7.7 17.9
Pipeline Imports 5,157 5,581 6,398 14.6 24.1
Exports 549 714 583 -18.3 6.3

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

NOTES: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail, please refer to the Data Fields section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 3. December 2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with December of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to December in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2010 11.3 11.8 11.6
2009 26.3 27.7 27.0
2008 40.0 40.7 40.3
2007 17.3 27.9 21.9
2006 19.3 34.3 25.7
2005 17.2 37.4 25.6
2004 36.4 50.7 42.6
2003 56.0 73.3 63.4
2002 71.5 96.4 82.0
2001 85.7 105.2 94.1

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode December 2010 November 2011 December 2011 Percent Change November-December 2011 Percent Change December 2010-2011
All Surface Modes Imports 21,432 23,336 23,819 2.1 11.1
Exports 18,330 20,952 20,404 -2.6 11.3
Total 39,762 44,289 44,223 -0.1 11.2
Truck Imports 10,399 11,473 10,541 -8.1 1.4
Exports 14,106 15,993 15,702 -1.8 11.3
Rail Imports 4,707 5,445 5,805 6.6 23.3
Exports 2,095 2,556 2,355 -7.9 12.4
Pipeline Imports 5,142 5,560 6,375 14.7 24.0
Exports 227 474 348 -26.6 53.3

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

NOTES: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail, please refer to the Data Fields section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by All Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by December 2011 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

State December 2010 December 2011 Percent Change December 2010-2011
Value Rank Value Rank
Michigan 4,672 1 5,592 1 19.7
Illinois 3,824 2 4,756 2 24.4
California 2,462 4 2,844 3 15.5
Ohio 2,394 5 2,626 4 9.7
Texas 2,300 6 2,518 5  9.5
New York 3,276 3 2,336 6 -28.7
Pennsylvania 1,486 8 1,687 7 13.5
Washington 1,551 7 1,635 8  5.4
Minnesota 1,288 9 1,617 9 25.6
Indiana 1,202 10 1,425 10 18.5

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

NOTES: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode December 2010 November 2011 December 2011 Percent Change November-December 2011 Percent Change December 2010-2011
All Surface Modes Imports 14,913 17,915 16,649 -7.1 11.6
Exports 11,855 14,469 13,357 -7.7 12.7
Total 26,768 32,384 30,007 -7.3 12.1
Truck Imports 12,081 14,839 13,458 -9.3 11.4
Exports 9,284 11,344 10,424 -8.1 12.3
Rail Imports 2,399 2,689 2,884 7.3 20.2
Exports 1,690 2,281 2,108 -7.6 24.7
Pipeline Imports 15 21 22 7.7 45.1
Exports 322 240 236 -1.9 -26.8

NOTES: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail, please refer to the Data Fields section of the TransBorder web page:

http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by All Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by December 2011 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

State December 2010 December 2011 Percent Change December 2010-2011
Value Rank Value Rank
Texas 9,459 1 10,282 1 8.7
California 4,073 2 4,459 2 9.5
Michigan 2,922 3 3,649 3 24.9
Illinois 915 5 1,021 4 11.5
Arizona 979 4 994 5 1.5
Ohio 686 6 746 6 8.7
Tennessee 497 7 627 7 26.3
North Carolina 399 10 560 8 40.4
Indiana 445 8 509 9 14.2
Connecticut 397 11 465 10 17.0

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

NOTE: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding

Table 8. Percent of U.S. Trade by Value with Canada and Mexico by Major Modes

December 2011 (Current U.S. dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode Total Trade Value Percent
All Modes 86,775,358,953 100.0
All Surface Modes 74,230,256,915 85.5
Air 3,870,958,239 4.5
Vessel 8,674,143,799 10.0

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data. http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

NOTE: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes are based on current numbers prior to rounding (if applicable).