You are here

2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 14.3 Percent from 2010

2011 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 14.3 Percent from 2010

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

PDF

Contact
BTS 13-12
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Surface Trade between U.S. and NAFTA: 1995 2011 (Figure 1)

Table Version | Excel | CSV

Surface Trade between U.S. and NAFTA: 1995  2011 (Figure 1).

Wednesday, March 21, 2012 - Surface transportation trade between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico increased by 14.3 percent in 2011 compared to 2010, valued at $904 billion in 2011, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation. The 14.3 percent increase in trade was the third largest year-to-year increase for the years covered by these data. The $904 billion in U.S.-NAFTA trade was the highest amount since NAFTA went into effect in 1994 (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that total North American surface transportation imports increased by 13.8 percent in 2011 from 2010, and exports increased by 14.8 percent during the same period (Table 2).

U.S. land trade with Mexico declined less following the recession of 2008-2009 than did trade with Canada and it rebounded faster. U.S.-Mexico land trade declined 14.4 percent in 2009 from 2008, then increased by 46.3 percent in the next two years to reach a level in 2011 that was 25.3 percent higher than in 2008. U.S.-Canada land trade declined 28.1 percent in 2009 from 2008, then increased by 39.2 percent in the next two years to reach a level in 2011 that was virtually unchanged from 2008. As a result, U.S.-Mexico trade comprised 40.6 percent of North American surface freight in 2011, compared to 35.3 percent in 2008.

Figure 2: North American Surface Freight by Mode, 2011

Table Version | Excel | CSV

Figure 2: North American Surface Freight by Mode, 2011.

In 2011, 85.5 percent of U.S. merchandise trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved on land (Figure 2). Total North American surface transportation trade is up by 42.0 percent since 2009, when U.S.-NAFTA trade fell to a recent low during the last recession (Table 3). In 2009, U.S.-NAFTA trade dropped by 23.3 percent from the previous year. See North American Transborder Freight Data for historic data.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S. - Canada surface transportation trade totaled $537.0 billion in 2011, an increase of 14.0 percent compared to 2010 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 10.0 percent higher in 2011 than 2010 while the value of exports carried by truck was 12.4 percent higher. The value of pipeline exports increased the most, rising 87.0 percent in 2011 compared to 2010. Part of this increase is explained by a rise in the price of oil, with the average annual price for a barrel of crude oil increasing from $71.21 in 2010 to $87.04 in 2011 (Historical Crude Prices, Inflation Data.com).

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in 2011 with $68.4 billion (Table 5). Automotive vehicles accounted for $41.3 billion, 60.3 percent of total Michigan Canada surface trade. Of the top 10 states for U.S.-Canada surface trade in 2011, Minnesota had the highest percentage change over 2010, a 41.6 percent increase. Oil and gas is the top commodity traded between Minnesota and Canada but 16 of 99 commodities more than doubled in the value of Minnesota Canada surface trade between 2011 and 2010.

The top commodity category transported between the U.S. and Canada by surface modes of transportation in 2011 was vehicles and vehicle parts (other than railway vehicles and parts) with $96.1 billion in trade (Table 8). This U.S.-Canada trade in vehicle and vehicle parts was roughly split evenly between exports and imports, reflecting the interdependency of automotive plants on both sides of the border.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $367.1 billion in 2011, an increase of 14.6 percent compared to 2010 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 12.4 percent higher in 2011 than 2010, while the value of exports carried by truck was 14.9 percent higher. As on the U.S.-Canada border, the value of pipeline exports had the highest year-over-year percentage increase along the U.S.-Mexico border, 71.3 percent.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in 2011 with $129.0 billion (Table 7). This is the third time on record that Texas has had more than $100 billion in trade with Mexico by surface modes of transportation in a calendar year. Three commodities more than doubled in the value of Texas Mexico trade in 2011 over 2010; they were: Railway Vehicles and Equipment, Cereals and Fur (despite the large percentage increase, a low total value of fur still crossed the U.S.-Mexico border, $251,707 in 2011). The top 10 states in 2011 U.S. Mexico surface trade all saw year-over-year increases of 12.1 to 20.4 percent.

The top commodity transported between the U.S. and Mexico by surface modes of transportation in 2011 was electrical machinery with $80.5 billion in trade (Table 9). Measuring and testing equipment was the fifth highest value commodity on the U.S. Mexico Border, compared with ranking as the 13th highest value commodity on the U.S. Canada Border.

TransBorder Data

The TransBorder Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are obtained by BTS from the U.S. Census Bureaus Foreign Trade Division. TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Feb. 10.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on Transborder freight data is posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/.

Table 1. Annual Value of U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico from Previous Year

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Year Amount Percent Change from Previous Year
1995 370,265 NA
1996 410,382 10.8
1997 425,977 3.8
1998 451,736 6.0
1999 501,250 11.0
2000 575,713 14.9
2001 547,312 -4.9
2002 540,795 -1.2
2003 562,776 4.1
2004 633,563 12.6
2005 697,987 10.2
2006 760,127 8.9
2007 797,303 4.9
2008 829,875 4.1
2009 636,695 -23.3
2010 791,329 24.3
2011 904,133 14.3

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 16, 2012.

NOTES: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent Changes based on numbers prior to rounding. NA = Not Available

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   2009 2010 2011 Percent Change 2009 - 2010 Percent Change 2010 - 2011
All Surface Modes Imports 341,665 427,592 486,662 25.1 13.8
Exports 295,031 363,738 417,471 23.3 14.8
Total 636,695 791,329 904,133 24.3 14.3
Truck Imports 222,866 272,186 303,012 22.1 11.3
Exports 231,961 284,698 322,846 22.7 13.4
Rail Imports 60,361 85,480 97,422 41.6 14.0
Exports 35,263 45,748 54,431 29.7 19.0
Pipeline Imports 45,786 57,744 71,024 26.1 23.0
Exports 3,420 5,189 9,703 51.7 87.0

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 29, 2012.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent Changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. It also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the Transborder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. Prior Year Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with 2011

Excel | CSV

2011 Compared to Percent Change to 2011
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2010 13.8 14.8 14.3
2009 42.4 41.5 42.0
2008 4.7 14.3 8.9
2007 7.6 21.1 13.4
2006 12.1 28.0 18.9
2005 21.4 40.5 29.5
2004 33.6 55.1 42.7
2003 51.0 73.6 60.7
2002 57.4 80.3 67.2
2001 55.6 78.0 65.2

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 29, 2012.

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   2009 2010 2011 Percent Change 2009 - 2010 Percent Change 2010 - 2011
All Surface Modes Imports 201,089 246,252 282,582 22.5 14.8
Exports 184,653 224,809 254,450 21.7 13.2
Total 385,742 471,061 537,031 22.1 14.0
Truck Imports 105,079 123,238 135,528 17.3 10.0
Exports 142,545 173,588 195,126 21.8 12.4
Rail Imports 41,058 56,996 65,118 38.8 14.3
Exports 19,973 26,116 29,569 30.8 13.2
Pipeline Imports 45,630 57,562 70,743 26.1 22.9
Exports 2,632 3,151 6,211 19.7 97.1

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 29, 2012.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent Changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. It also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the Transborder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by All Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by 2011 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

State 2010 2011 Percent Change 2010 - 2011
Value Rank Value Rank
Michigan 60,683 1 68,412 1 12.7
Illinois 43,136 2 53,845 2 24.8
Ohio 29,825 4 33,123 3 11.1
California 31,509 3 31,331 4 -0.6
Texas 25,920 6 30,608 5 18.1
New York 28,998 5 30,076 6 3.7
Pennsylvania 18,850 7 21,097 7 11.9
Washington 18,615 8 20,250 8 8.8
Minnesota 12,848 10 18,193 9 41.6
Indiana 16,025 9 17,714 10 10.5

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 29, 2012.

NOTE: Percent Change based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   2009 2010 2011 Percent Change 2009 - 2010 Percent Change 2010 - 2011
All Surface Modes Imports 140,576 181,339 204,080 29.0 12.5
Exports 110,378 138,929 163,021 25.9 17.3
Total 250,954 320,268 367,101 27.6 14.6
Truck Imports 117,787 148,948 167,483 26.5 12.4
Exports 89,417 111,110 127,720 24.3 14.9
Rail Imports 19,303 28,484 32,303 47.6 13.4
Exports 15,291 19,632 24,862 28.4 26.6
Pipeline Imports 155 182 281 16.9 54.9
Exports 788 2,038 3,492 158.7 71.3

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 29, 2012.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent Changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. It also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the Transborder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by All Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by 2011 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

State 2010 2011 Percent Change 2010 - 2011
Value Rank Value Rank
Texas &114,502 1 &128,981 1 12.7
California 47,606 2 47,606 2 14.5
Michigan 35,106 3 41,376 3 17.9
Illinois 10,748 4 12,588 4 17.1
Arizona 10,456 5 11,725 5 12.1
Ohio 8,505 6 9,687 6 13.9
Tennessee 6,379 7 7,326 7 12.9
Indiana 5,509 8 6,633 8 20.4
North Carolina 5,156 9 6,009 9 16.6
Georgia 4,663 12 5,265 10 12.9

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 29, 2012.

NOTE: Percent Change based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 8. Top Five Commodities Transported between the U.S. and Canada by All Surface Modes of Transportation, 2011

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Commodities Exports Imports Total
Vehicles Other than Railway 46,455 49,689 96,144
Mineral Fuels; Oils and Waxes 12,298 82,718 95,016
Computer-Related Machinery and Parts 41,319 17,987 59,306
Electrical Machinery; Equipment and Parts 22,358 6,321 28,679
Plastics 12,341 10,279 22,619

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of March 13, 2012.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 9. Top Five Commodities Transported between the U.S. and Mexico by All Surface Modes of Transportation, 2011

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Commodities Exports Imports Total
Electrical Machinery; Equipment and Parts 29,672 50,799 80,471
Computer-Related Machinery and Parts 29,703 37,864 67,567
Vehicles Other than Railway 17,726 43,446 61,172
Plastics 12,570 3,369 15,939
Measuring and Testing Equipment 4,083 9,348 13,431

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of March 13, 2012.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.