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January 2012 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 11.5 Percent from January 2011

January 2012 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 11.5 Percent from January 2011

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North American Surface Trade, Month of January 1995-2012 (Figure 1)

Table Version | Excel | CSV

North American Surface Trade, Month of January 1995-2012 (Figure 1).

Tuesday, March 27, 2012 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American neighbors, Canada and Mexico, was 11.5 percent higher in January 2012 than in January 2011, totaling $75.5 billion (Table 1), according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation.

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the January 2012 value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico, the United States North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, rose 15.9 percent from January 2008, which was one month after the start of the recession, and 59.2 percent from January 2009, in the middle of the recession (Table 3).

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in January increased by 82.8 percent compared to January 2002, a period of 10 years. Imports in January were up 72.7 percent since January 2002, while exports were up 96.5 percent (Table 3). See Transborder Press Releases for historical data.

Surface transportation includes freight movements by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, Foreign Trade Zones, and other. In January, 86.3 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved via land, 9.8 percent moved by vessel, and 3.9 percent moved by air (Figure 2). By All modes of transportation, U.S.-Canada trade and U.S.-Mexico trade accounted for 16.2 percent and 12.8 percent, respectively, of total U.S.-world trade in January 2012.

North American Surface Freight by Mode, January 2012 (Figure 2)

Table Version | Excel | CSV

Figure 2: North American Surface Freight by Mode, January 2012.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico increased 1.8 percent in January 2012 from December 2011 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

U.S.-Canada and U.S.-Mexico surface transportation trade both increased compared to January 2011 with U.S.-Canada reaching $44.1 billion, a 9.6 percent increase, and U.S.-Mexico reaching $31.4 billion, a 14.3 percent increase. For trade statistics by mode, see Table 4 for Canada and Table 6 for Mexico.

In January trade by state, Michigan led All states in surface trade with Canada as it has in previous years, at $5.6 billion, a 14.0 percent increase from January 2011 (Table 5). Of the top 10 states by value, Illinois had the largest percentage increase over January 2011, at 26.2 percent. About half of the $5.0 billion in Illinois-Canada trade was in the importation of oil and gas via pipeline. The top commodity category transported between the U.S. and Canada by surface modes of transportation in January was oil and gas, valued at $8.3 billion (Table 8). Most of this trade, $7.3 billion, consisted of U.S. imports from Canada, including $6.7 billion of oil and gas imports via pipeline. U.S. imports of oil and gas from Canada via All surface modes peaked in July 2008 at $9.5 billion.

Texas also continued to lead All states in surface trade with Mexico at $11.5 billion, a 20.1 percent increase from January 2011 (Table 7). January 2012 was the second highest month on record for Texas Mexico trade, which peaked in August 2011 at $11.9 billion. Of the top 10 states by value, Tennessee had the biggest percentage increase, 32.3 percent. Of the $703 million in Tennessee Mexico trade, $188 million was in computer related machinery and parts. The top commodity category transported between the U.S. and Mexico by surface modes of transportation in January was electrical machinery with $6.4 billion in trade (Table 8).

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data, data from previous months, and individual state data are available online on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/. BTS has scheduled release of February TransBorder numbers for May 1.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

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Month 2010 2011 2012 Percent Change 2010-2011 Percent Change 2011-2012
January 56,697 67,734 75,534 19.5 11.5
February 59,492 66,534   11.8  
March 69,943 80,822   15.6  
April 65,831 73,767   12.1  
May 66,805 77,318   15.7  
June 69,859 77,521   11.0  
July 61,260 72,363   18.1  
August 67,964 80,406   18.3  
September 68,324 77,725   13.8  
October 70,565 79,040   12.0  
November 68,060 76,672   12.7  
December 66,530 74,230   11.6  
Year-to-date 56,697 67,734 75,534 19.5 11.5
Annual 791,329 904,133   14.3  

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

NOTE: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent Changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

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Mode   January 2011 December 2011 January 2012 Percent Change Dec. 2011 - Jan. 2012 Percent Change January 2011 - 2012
All Surface Modes Imports 36,740 40,469 40,953 1.2 11.5
Exports 30,993 33,761 34,581 2.4 11.6
Total 67,734 74,230 75,534 1.8 11.5
Truck Imports 22,547 23,999 25,280 5.3 12.1
Exports 24,101 26,126 26,866 2.8 11.5
Rail Imports 7,460 8,689 7,754 -10.8 3.9
Exports 3,634 4,463 4,562 2.2 25.5
Pipeline Imports 5,466 6,398 6,720 5.0 23.0
Exports 780 583 710 21.6 -9.1

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

NOTES: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent Changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for All surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail, please refer to the Data Fields section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 3. January 2012 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with January of Prior Years

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Comparedto January in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2011 11.5 11.6 11.5
2010 30.8 36.2 33.2
2009 60.3 57.8 59.2
2008 11.7 21.3 15.9
2007 17.0 34.9 24.5
2006 13.6 37.6 23.4
2005 36.1 55.5 44.3
2004 55.5 78.7 65.3
2003 62.3 86.7 72.6
2002 72.7 96.5 82.8

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   January 2011 December 2011 January 2012 Percent Change Dec. 2011 - Jan. 2012 Percent Change January 2011 - 2012
All Surface Modes Imports 21,635 23,819 24,079 1.1 11.3
Exports 18,625 20,404 20,056 -1.7 7.7
Total 40,260 44,223 44,135 -0.2 9.6
Truck Imports 10,121 10,541 10,985 4.2 8.5
Exports 14,310 15,702 15,435 -1.7 7.9
Rail Imports 5,163  5,805 5,580 -3.9 8.1
Exports 1,940 2,355 2,303 -2.2 18.7
Pipeline Imports 5,446 6,375 6,700 5.1 23.0
Exports 416 348 445 28.1 7.1

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

NOTES: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent Changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for All surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail, please refer to the Data Fields section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by All Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by January 2012 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

State January 2011 January 2012 Percent Change January 2011 - 2012
Value Rank Value Rank
Michigan 4,976 1 5,671 1 14.0
Illinois 3,962 2 5,000 2 26.2
Ohio 2,613 3 2,785 3 6.6
California 2,587 4 2,701 4 4.4
Texas 2,425 5 2,669 5 10.1
New York 2,164 6 2,324 6 7.4
Pennsylvania 1,578 8 1,740 7 10.3
Washington 1,591 7 1,680 8 5.6
Minnesota 1,437 9 1,480 9 3.0
Indiana 1,229 10 1,398 10 13.7

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

NOTES: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent Changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   January 2011 December 2011 January 2012 Percent Change Dec. 2011 - Jan. 2012 Percent Change January 2011 - 2012
All Surface Modes Imports 15,105 16,649 16,875 1.4 11.7
Exports 12,368 13,357 14,524 8.7 17.4
Total 27,473 30,007 31,399 4.6 14.3
Truck Imports 12,426 13,458 14,295 6.2 15.0
Exports 9,790 10,424 11,431 9.7 16.8
Rail Imports 2,297 2,884 2,173 -24.6 -5.4
Exports 1,693 2,108 2,259 7.2 33.4
Pipeline Imports 20 22 20 -9.8 3.2
Exports 365 236 264 12.0 -27.5

NOTES: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent Changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for All surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail, please refer to the Data Fields section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by All Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by January 2012 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

State January 2011 January 2012 Percent Change January 2011-2012
Value Rank Value Rank
Texas 9,610 1 11,545 1 20.1
California 3,991 2 4,605 2 15.4
Michigan 3,025 3 3,120 3 3.1
Arizona 1,084 4 1,129 4 4.1
Illinois 906 5 1,068 5 17.9
Ohio 742 6 810 6 9.1
Tennessee 532 7 703 7 32.3
Indiana 507 8 551 8 8.7
North Carolina 429 9 480 9 11.8
Wisconsin 385 13 435 10 12.9

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

NOTE: Percent Changes based on numbers prior to rounding

Table 8. Top Five Commodities Transported between the U.S. and Canada by All Surface Modes of Transportation, January 2012

(millions of dollars)

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Commodities Exports Imports Total
Oil and Gas 1,014 7,284 8,299
Vehicles Other than Railway 3,287 4,358 7,645
Computer-Related Machinery and Parts 3,061 1,461 4,522
Electrical Machinery; Equipment and Parts 1,525 537 2,062
Plastics 939 823 1,763

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of March 20, 2012.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 9. Top Five Commodities Transported between the U.S. and Mexico by All Surface Modes of Transportation, January 2012

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Commodities Exports Imports Total
Electrical Machinery; Equipment and Parts 2,604 3,839 6,444
Computer-Related Machinery and Parts 2,905 3,378 6,283
Vehicles Other than Railway 1,528 3,241 4,770
Plastics 1,075 277 1,352
Measuring and Testing Equipment 373 756 1,129

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of March 13, 2012.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.