You are here

June 2012 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 6.6 Percent From June 2011

June 2012 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 6.6 Percent From June 2011

PDF

Contacts
BTS 40-12
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568
Shannon Jones
202-366-5798

Figure 1: Trade between the U.S. and NAFTA Countries, June 2007-June 2012
Unadjusted and Adjusted for Inflation and Exchange Rate Fluctuations

Table Version | Excel | CSV

Figure 1: Trade between the U.S. and NAFTA Countries, June 2007-June 2012.

U.S. export data adjusted based on Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), U.S. Exports by End Use Category for All Commodities. U.S. imports adjusted based on BLS U.S. Import Price Indexes for Canada and Mexico. January 2004 = 100. See Technical Note.

Tuesday, August 28, 2012 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, Canada and Mexico, was 6.6 percent higher in June 2012 than in June 2011, totaling $82.6 billion, unadjusted for inflation (Table 1 and Figure 1), according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation. Adjusted for inflation and exchange rates, the June 2012 total was $61.0 billion in 2004 dollars, up 11.0 percent from June 2011.

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the June 2012 value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 11.4 percent from June 2008, seven months into the recession, and 62.8 percent from June 2009, at the end of the recession (Table 3). Data in the press release are not adjusted for inflation, except for monthly totals in Figure 1.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in June increased by 79.0 percent compared to June 2002, a period of 10 years. Imports in June were up 69.7 percent since June 2002, while exports were up 90.8 percent (Table 3). See Transborder Press Releases for historical data.

Surface transportation includes freight movements by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, Foreign Trade Zones, and other modes of transport. In June, 87.7 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved via land, 8.3 percent moved by vessel, and 4.0 percent moved by air (Figure 2).

Figure 2: North American Freight by Mode, June 2012

Table Version | Excel | CSV

Figure 2: North American Freight by Mode, June 2012

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico decreased 1.4 percent in June 2012 from May 2012 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

U.S. trade by surface transportation with Mexico has increased at a faster pace than trade with Canada. U.S.-Canada and U.S.-Mexico surface transportation trade in June 2012 both increased compared to June 2011 with U.S.-Canada trade reaching $48.4 billion, a 5.0 percent increase, and U.S.-Mexico trade reaching $34.2 billion, an 8.8 percent increase. For trade statistics by mode, see Table 4 for Canada and Table 6 for Mexico.

In June, Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada, at $6.5 billion, a 4.5 percent increase from June 2011 (Table 5). Of the top 10 states by value, California had the largest percentage increase over June 2011, at 55.1 percent. The largest commodity that is traded between California and Canada, vehicles, increased 171.6 percent from June 2011 to June 2012 to $1.66 billion.

The top commodity category transported between the U.S. and Canada by surface modes of transportation in June was vehicles, valued at $9.9 billion (Table 8).

Texas continued to lead all states in surface trade with Mexico at $12.4 billion, an 11.0 percent increase from June 2011. Of the top 10 states by value, Tennessee had the biggest percentage increase, 21.1 percent (Table 7), primarily because of a 31.0 percent increase from June 2011 in trade in computer related machinery. The top commodity category transported between the U.S. and Mexico by surface modes of transportation in June was electrical machinery with $7.0 billion in trade (Table 9).

Technical Note: The BLS indexes used for Figure 1 adjustment may be revised in each of the three months after original publication. For example, index values released in January 2012 will be subject to revision in February, March and April of that year.

For more information, see Transborder Press Releases for previous press releases and summary tables. See TransBorder Freight Data for data from previous months, and individual state data. BTS has scheduled the release of July TransBorder numbers on September 27.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2010 2011 2012 Percent Change 2010-2011 Percent Change 2011-2012
January 56,697 67,734 75,534 19.5 11.5
February 59,492 66,534 78,135 11.8 17.4
March 69,943 80,822 85,827 15.6 6.2
April 65,831 73,767 79,784 12.1 8.2
May 66,805 77,318 83,770 15.7 8.3
June 69,859 77,521 82,601 11.0 6.6
July 61,260 72,363   18.1  
August 67,964 80,406   18.3  
September 68,324 77,725   13.8  
October 70,565 79,040   12.0  
November 68,060 76,672   12.7  
December 66,530 74,230   11.6  
Year-to-date 388,626 443,695 485,651 14.2 9.5
Annual 791,329 904,133   14.3  

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

NOTE: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   June 2011 May 2012 June 2012 Percent Change May 2012-June 2012 Percent Change June 2011-2012
All Surface Modes Imports 41,747 44,807 44,079 -1.6 5.6
Exports 35,774 38,963 38,523 -1.1 7.7
Total 77,521 83,770 82,601 -1.4 6.6
Truck Imports 26,201 29,372 27,690 -5.7 5.7
Exports 27,745 30,452 29,853 -2.0 7.6
Rail Imports 8,036 8,363 9,356 11.9 16.4
Exports 4,507 5,042 5,282 4.8 17.2
Pipeline Imports 6,345 5,515 5,549 0.6 -12.5
Exports 1,018 645 675 4.7 -33.7

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

NOTES: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail, please refer to the "Data Fields" section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 3. June 2012 Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with June of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to June in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2011 5.6 7.7 6.6
2010 16.4 20.4 18.2
2009 63.7 61.7 62.8
2008 5.6 18.9 11.4
2007 11.4 28.6 18.8
2006 16.2 33.0 23.5
2005 30.7 49.9 39.0
2004 35.8 67.8 49.0
2003 64.3 86.9 74.1
2002 69.7 90.8 79.0

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   June 2011 May 2012 June 2012 Percent Change May 2012-June 2012 Percent Change June 2011-2012
All Surface Modes Imports 24,115 24,772 24,764 -0.03 2.7
Exports 21,979 23,353 23,630 1.2 7.5
Total 46,094 48,125 48,394 0.6 5.0
Truck Imports 11,813 12,669 12,049 -4.9 2.0
Exports 16,998 18,064 18,080 0.1 6.4
Rail Imports 5,179 5,452 6,039 10.8 16.6
Exports 2,396 2,740 3,008 9.8 25.5
Pipeline Imports 6,320 5,496 5,523 0.5 -12.6
Exports 645 367 455 24.2 -29.4

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

NOTES: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail, please refer to the "Data Fields" section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by All Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by June 2012 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

State June 2011 June 2012 Percent Change June 2011-2012
Value Rank Value Rank
Michigan 6,258 1 6,538 1 4.5
Illinois 4,623 2 4,787 2 3.5
California 2,372 6 3,679 3 55.1
Ohio 2,615 3 2,943 4 12.6
Texas 2,500 5 2,804 5 12.1
New York 2,517 4 2,317 6 -8.0
Indiana 1,534 10 1,683 7 9.7
Pennsylvania 1,896 7 1,639 8 -13.6
Washington 1,768 8 1,584 9 -10.4
Minnesota 1,676 9 1,506 10 -10.2

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

NOTES: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 6. U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   June 2011 May 2012 June 2012 Percent Change May 2012-June 2012 Percent Change June 2011-2012
All Surface Modes Imports 17,632 20,035 19,314 -3.6 9.5
Exports 13,796 15,609 14,893 -4.6 8.0
Total 31,427 35,645 34,207 -4.0 8.8
Truck Imports 14,387 16,703 15,641 -6.4 8.7
Exports 10,747 12,388 11,773 -5.0 9.6
Rail Imports 2,857 2,911 3,317 13.9 16.1
Exports 2,111 2,302 2,274 -1.2 7.7
Pipeline Imports 25 20 27 35.7 5.8
Exports 373 278 220 -20.9 -41.0

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

NOTES: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail, please refer to the "Data Fields" section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by All Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by June 2012 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

State June 2011 June 2012 Percent Change June 2011-2012
Value Rank Value Rank
Texas 11,146 1 12,375 1 11.0
California 4,769 2 4,758 2 -0.2
Michigan 3,465 3 4,171 3 20.4
Illinois 1,151 4 1,138 4 -1.1
Arizona 1,026 5 1,108 5 8.0
Ohio 806 6 938 6 16.4
Tennessee 608 7 737 7 21.1
Indiana 550 8 628 8 14.0
North Carolina 503 9 570 9 13.4
Pennsylvania 415 12 445 10 7.2

SOURCE: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

NOTE: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding

Table 8. Top Five Commodities Transported between the U.S. and Canada by All Surface Modes of Transportation, June 2012

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Commodities Exports Imports Total
Vehicles Other than Railway 4,575 5,373 9,948
Oil and Gas 1,067 6,750 7,817
Computer-Related Machinery and Parts 4,145 1,668 5,813
Electrical Machinery; Equipment and Parts 1,926 572 2,497
Plastics 1,176 821 1,997

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of May 20, 2012.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 9. Top Five Commodities Transported between the U.S. and Mexico by All Surface Modes of Transportation, June 2012

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Commodities Exports Imports Total
Electrical Machinery; Equipment and Parts 2,644 4,379 7,024
Computer-Related Machinery and Parts 2,953 3,868 6,820
Vehicles Other than Railway 1,702 4,452 6,154
Plastics 1,179 325 1,504
Measuring and Testing Instruments 405 884 1,289

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration,Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.