TABLE 2. Top 50 U.S. Freight Gateways, Ranked by Value of Shipments: 2008

TABLE 2. Top 50 U.S. Freight Gateways, Ranked by Value of Shipments: 2008

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(Current $, billions)

Rank Port name Mode Total U.S. trade Exports Imports Exports as % of total
1 Port of Los Angeles, CA Water 243.9 34.8 209.1 14.3
2 Port of New York/New Jersey, NY/NJ Water 185.4 50.6 134.8 27.3
3 JFK International Airport, NY Air 168.0 85.5 82.5 50.9
4 Port of Houston, TX Water 147.7 68.8 78.9 46.6
5 Detroit, MI Land 120.2 66.5 53.7 55.3
6 Laredo, TX Land 115.8 53.9 61.8 46.6
7 Chicago, IL Air 97.2 35.8 61.4 36.9
8 Port of Long Beach, CA Water 91.5 31.6 59.9 34.5
9 Port Huron, MI Land 81.2 35.2 46.0 43.4
10 Buffalo–Niagara Falls, NY Land 80.8 40.3 40.5 49.9
11 Los Angeles International Airport, CA Air 78.3 41.3 37.0 52.8
12 Port of Charleston, SC Water 62.3 22.3 40.1 35.7
13 Port of Savannah, GA Water 59.0 22.8 36.1 38.7
14 Port of Norfolk, VA Water 54.0 23.9 30.0 44.4
15 San Francisco International Airport, CA Air 52.8 26.6 26.2 50.4
16 Port of New Orleans, LA Water 49.8 25.3 24.4 50.9
17 New Orleans Customs District, LA Air 49.6 22.3 27.3 44.9
18 El Paso, TX Land 48.2 20.2 28.0 41.8
19 Port of Baltimore, MD Water 45.3 16.1 29.2 35.6
20 Port of Philadelphia, PA Water 43.2 5.0 38.1 11.7
21 Anchorage International Airport, AK Air 41.4 10.2 31.2 24.6
22 Miami International Airport, FL Air 40.0 29.2 10.8 73.0
23 Port of Seattle, WA Water 40.0 9.9 30.0 24.9
24 Dallas–Fort Worth International Airport, TX Air 39.5 16.4 23.1 41.5
25 Port of Oakland, CA Water 38.7 12.4 26.3 32.0
26 Port of Morgan City, LA Water 39 0.2 38 0.6
27 Port of Tacoma, WA Water 35 8 27 23.3
28 Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, GA Air 32 12 20 38.1
29 Otay Mesa Station, CA Land 32 11 21 33.2
30 Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, OH Air 31 18 13 57.0
31 Port of Corpus Christi, TX Water 30 5 25 16.7
32 Port of Gramercy, LA Water 24 9 15 36.2
33 Champlain–Rouses Point, NY Land 24 9 14 39.9
34 Port of Jacksonville, FL Water 23 11 12 48.6
35 Port of Texas City, TX Water 23 3 19 14.4
36 Port Everglades, FL Water 23 12 11 53.2
37 Port of Miami, FL Water 22 11 11 50.0
38 Hidalgo, TX Land 22 10 12 44.5
39 Port of Beaumont, TX Water 21 3 18 13.3
40 San Juan International Airport, PR Air 21 12 9 58.0
41 Pembina, ND Land 20 11 9 56.7
42 Nogales, AZ Land 19 7 12 36.1
43 Christiansted, VI Water 19 3 17 13.5
44 Blaine, WA Land 18 11 7 59.9
45 Washington, DC Air 17 6 12 32.1
46 Port Arthur, TX Water 17 2 15 14.1
47 Port of Portland, OR Water 17 5 12 30.6
48 Portal, ND Land 17 10 7 58.4
49 Sweetgrass, MT Land 16 8 8 49.6
50 Freeport, TX Water 16 2 14 12.6
Top 50 gateways 2,651 1,006 1,645 37.9
Total U.S. merchandise trade by all modes 3,401 1,301 2,100 38.2
Top 50 gateways as share of U.S. total (percent) 78.0 77.4 78.3 NA

NOTES: All data-Trade levels reflect the mode of transportation as a shipment enters or exits a U.S. Customs port. Flows through individual ports are based on reported data collected from U.S. trade documents. Low-value shipments (imports less than $1,250 and exports less than $2,500) and intransit shipments are not included in trade data. NA = Not Applicable.

Air-Data for all airports are based on U.S. port classifications and include a low level (generally less than 2 percent to 3 percent of the total value) of small user-fee airports located in the same region. Air gateways not identified by airport name include major airports in that geographic area in addition to small regional airports. Because of U.S. Census Bureau nondisclosure regulations, data for some of the air gateways include courier operations. For example, data for New Orleans International Airport include FedEx air cargo activity in Memphis, TN.

SOURCES: Air and water-U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Division, special tabulation, April 2009. Land-U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Transborder Freight Data, as of April 2009.