TABLE 3. Percent Change in the Value of Merchandise Trade Handled by the Top 25 U.S. Freight Gateways: 2003 and 2008

TABLE 3. Percent Change in the Value of Merchandise Trade Handled by the Top 25 U.S. Freight Gateways: 2003 and 2008

Excel | CSV

Rank in 2003 Rank in 2008 Port name Mode Percent change, 2003-2008
Total trade Exports Imports
1 1 Port of Los Angeles, CA Water 99.8 106.5 98.8
4 2 Port of New York/New Jersey, NY/NJ Water 83.2 108.1 75.4
2 3 JFK International Airport, NY Air 50.1 83.4 26.3
11 4 Port of Houston, TX Water 196.0 221.0 177.2
3 5 Detroit, MI Land 17.9 21.8 13.5
6 6 Laredo, TX Land 47.0 66.5 33.3
10 7 Chicago, IL Air 78.9 73.9 81.9
5 8 Port of Long Beach, CA Water -4.5 84.1 -23.8
8 9 Port Huron, MI Land 30.4 55.1 16.2
9 10 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY Land 36.2 47.4 26.6
7 11 Los Angeles International Airport, CA Air 22.6 26.8 18.3
13 12 Port of Charleston, SC Water 58.3 66.6 54.0
24 13 Port of Savannah, GA Water 176.3 207.8 159.5
15 14 Port of Norfolk, VA Water 82.9 117.0 62.6
12 15 San Francisco International Airport, CA Air 13.2 29.3 0.4
26 16 Port of New Orleans, LA Water 131.9 77.3 206.9
16 17 New Orleans Customs District, LA Air 81.8 85.1 78.5
14 18 El Paso, TX Land 22.9 20.6 24.6
18 19 Port of Baltimore, MD Water 74.6 183.6 44.0
39 20 Port of Philadelphia, PA Water 318.6 695.0 293.9
23 21 Anchorage International Airport, AK Air 87.3 80.8 89.5
22 22 Miami International Airport, FL Air 76.2 109.1 23.7
21 23 Port of Seattle, WA Water 73.3 74.8 72.8
20 24 Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, TX Air 67.6 44.0 89.7
19 25 Port of Oakland, CA Water 53.9 59.7 51.3
Top 25 ports, percent change 62.0 74.4 55.0
Total U.S. merchandise trade, all ports, percent change 60.8 65.5 58.1

NOTES: All data-Trade levels reflect the mode of transportation as a shipment enters or exits a U.S. Customs port. Flows through individual ports are based on reported data collected from U.S. trade documents. Low-value shipments (imports less than $1,250 and exports less than $2,500) and intransit shipments are not included in trade data.

Air-Data for all airports are based on U.S. port classifications and include a low level (generally less than 2 percent to 3 percent of the total value) of small user-fee airports located in the same region. Air gateways not identified by airport name include major airports in that geographic area in addition to small regional airports. Because of U.S. Census Bureau nondisclosure regulations, data for some of the air gateways include courier operations. For example, data for New Orleans International Airport include FedEx air cargo activity in Memphis, TN.

SOURCES: Air and water-U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Division, special tabulation, April 2009. Land-U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Transborder Freight Data, as of April 2009.