TABLE 5. Value of U.S. Merchandise Trade by Land, Water, and Air Gateways: 1990-2008

TABLE 5. Value of U.S. Merchandise Trade by Land, Water, and Air Gateways: 1990-2008

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(Current $, billions)

Year Total U.S. international merchandise trade U.S. total land trade U.S. total water trade U.S. total air trade Other and unknown
1990 889 204 434 201 50
1991 910 210 435 209 56
1992 981 232 463 226 60
1993 1,046 258 477 255 56
1994 1,176 312 517 293 54
1995 1,328 338 573 355 62
1996 1,420 377 591 382 70
1997 1,559 426 626 433 76
1998 1,594 452 614 442 86
1999 1,720 501 632 496 92
2000 2,000 576 740 593 91
2001 1,870 547 718 519 86
2002 1,854 541 729 498 89
2003 1,982 563 811 523 86
2004 2,288 634 959 599 97
2005 2,579 698 1,122 652 107
2006 2,891 760 1,279 731 121
2007 3,119 797 1,399 781 142
2008 3,401 830 1,624 806 141
Percent change,
1990-2008
282.6 307.3 274.0 300.0 185.3
Average annual growth rate,
1990-2008
7.7 8.1 7.6 8.0 6.0

NOTE: "Other and unknown" includes purchased vehicles such as aircraft or boats moving from manufacturer to customer where the vehicle itself is the shipment, pedestrians carrying freight, and miscellaneous.

SOURCES: Water and air-U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Division, special tabulation, April 2009. Land-U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Transborder Surface Freight Data, as of April 2009.