Table 7b. Export Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Export Mode: 2002 and 1997

Table 7b. Export Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Export Mode: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the 2002 and 1997 Commodity Flow Surveys. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Export mode of transportation Value Tons
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent change 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent change
All modes1 595,518 555,533 7.2 487,473 445,324 9.5
Single modes 508,639 487,982 4.2 452,934 410,527 10.3
Truck 148,459 108,398 37.0 54,923 48,070 14.3
Rail 17,536 22,803 −23.1 49,916 36,663 36.1
Water 162,273 161,473 0.5 344,416 321,630 7.1
Air (including truck and air) 180,265 195,244 −7.7 3,441 4,151 −17.1
Pipeline S 63 S S 13 S
Multiple modes 71,541 15,551 360.0 24,242 862 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 24,360 15,551 56.6 585 862 −32.1
Truck and rail
All other multiple modes 47,181 23,657
Other and unknown modes 15,338 52,000 −70.5 10,296 33,935 –69.7

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Export mode of transportation Value Tons
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent change 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent change
All modes1 47,056 42,614 10.4 218,571 155,149 40.9
Single modes 44,553 38,939 14.4 210,677 140,108 50.4
Truck 6,086 3,572 70.4 6,960 4,277 62.7
Rail 1,740 818 112.6 11,410 3,324 243.2
Water 35,946 33,488 7.3 191,786 132,260 45.0
Air (including truck and air) S 1,054 S S 245 S
Pipeline S S S S
Multiple modes 1,679 20 S 4,279 57 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S 20 S S 57 S
Truck and rail
All other multiple modes 1,645 4,274
Other and unknown modes 824 3,654 −77.4 3,615 S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Export mode of transportation Value Tons
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent change 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent change
All modes1 12,552 11,125 12.8 12,842 13,316 −3.6
Single modes 11,358 9,596 18.4 11,774 11,674 0.9
Truck 3,455 2,499 38.3 3,465 2,256 53.6
Rail 932 548 70.0 2,356 1,699 38.7
Water 6,864 6,325 8.5 5,928 7,695 −23
Air (including truck and air) S 224 S S 24 S
Pipeline S S S S
Multiple modes 982 S S 816 11 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 15 S S S 11 S
Truck and rail
All other multiple modes 966 809
Other and unknown modes 213 1,473 −85.6 252 1,631 −84.5

SCTG 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Export mode of transportation Value Tons
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent change 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent change
All modes1 4,035 3,435 17.5 28,186 15,997 76.2
Single modes 3,068 3,180 −3.5 24,740 14,882 66.2
Truck 540 441 22.4 2,298 1,512 52.0
Rail 380 285 33.4 10,165 5,493 85.1
Water 2,121 2,105 0.8 12,272 7,845 56.4
Air (including truck and air) S S S 5 32 –85.5
Pipeline
Multiple modes S S S 3,259 S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S
Truck and rail
All other multiple modes S S 3,257
Other and unknown modes 36 241 –85.1 187 1,043 –82

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Export mode of transportation Value Tons
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent change 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent change
All modes1 6,946 7,840 –11.4 63,235 97,581 −35.2
Single modes 6,595 7,442 –11.4 58,645 92,928 −36.9
Truck 1,260 1,693 –25.6 S S S
Rail 374 622 –39.8 2,568 4,306 −40.4
Water 4,813 5,108 –5.8 52,115 81,052 −35.7
Air (including truck and air) S 19 S S S S
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 2 S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S 2 S S S S
Truck and rail
All other multiple modes S S S S
Other and unknown modes 40 396 –89.8 S 4,638 S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Export mode of transportation Value Tons
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent change 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent change
All modes1 75,620 78,284 –3.4 64,254 58,510 9.8
Single modes 69,811 71,547 –2.4 61,470 55,834 10.1
Truck 17,652 14,205 24.3 8,832 6,853 28.9
Rail 3,856 S S 17,228 S S
Water 32,775 33,455 –2 35,038 33,545 4.4
Air (including truck and air) 15,525 12,764 21.6 371 334 11.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,665 656 610.6 2,285 72 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 485 656 –26.2 43 72 −40.7
Truck and rail
All other multiple modes 4,180 2,242
Other and unknown modes 1,143 6,081 −81.2 499 2,604 −80.8

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Export mode of transportation Value Tons
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent change 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent change
All modes1 37,489 37,095 1.1 34,177 41,099 −16.8
Single modes 31,916 30,977 3.0 28,728 37,915 −24.2
Truck 9,686 7,937 22.0 5,734 5,366 6.9
Rail S 392 S 2,303 814 182.7
Water 18,044 18,487 −2.4 20,549 31,374 −34.5
Air (including truck and air) 2,812 4,161 −32.4 142 361 −60.6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,855 922 426.7 4,890 79 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 910 922 −1.3 73 79 −7.3
Truck and rail
All other multiple modes 3,945 4,817
Other and unknown modes 718 5,196 −86.2 559 3,105 −82

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Export mode of transportation Value Tons
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent change 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent change
All modes1 85,835 80,204 7.0 31,965 24,137 32.4
Single modes 71,968 69,568 3.5 25,385 21,406 18.6
Truck 33,524 22,811 47.0 10,952 8,283 32.2
Rail 1,592 1,932 −17.6 1,879 2,173 −13.5
Water 19,751 26,552 −25.6 11,855 9,005 31.6
Air (including truck and air) 17,101 18,247 −6.3 699 1,941 −64
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8,258 1,938 326.0 2,694 275 880.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,018 1,938 55.7 111 275 −59.4
Truck and rail
All other multiple modes 5,240 2,582
Other and unknown modes 5,608 8,698 −35.5 S 2,456 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Export mode of transportation Value Tons
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent change 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent change
All modes1 285,483 255,612 11.7 17,083 13,135 30.1
Single modes 238,235 224,041 6.3 15,532 11,664 33.2
Truck 68,568 48,379 41.7 10,265 6,289 63.2
Rail 7,143 6,546 9.1 1,355 1,484 −8.6
Water 27,070 24,475 10.6 3,068 2,887 6.3
Air (including truck and air) 135,387 144,626 −6.4 843 1,003 −15.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 41,725 10,051 315.1 1,002 97 932.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 16,234 10,051 61.5 124 97 27.6
Truck and rail
All other multiple modes S S 879
Other and unknown modes 5,522 21,520 −74.3 548 1,374 −60.1

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Export mode of transportation Value Tons
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent change 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent change
All modes1 38,672 34,073 13.5 15,945 25,191 −36.7
Single modes 29,996 28,624 4.8 14,783 23,450 −37
Truck 7,418 6,401 15.9 3,227 5,512 −41.5
Rail 106 411 −74.2 607 2,218 −72.6
Water 14,577 10,860 34.2 10,751 15,535 −30.8
Air (including truck and air) 7,895 10,951 −27.9 197 185 6.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7,447 1,704 336.9 1,026 S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S 1,704 S 27 S S
Truck and rail
All other multiple modes 3,808 999
Other and unknown modes 1,229 3,745 −67.2 137 1,561 −91.2

Commodity unknown

Export mode of transportation Value Tons
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent change 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent change
All modes1 1,830 5,251 −65.2 S 1,210 S
Single modes 1,138 4,069 −72 S 665 S
Truck 271 461 −41.1 S 158 S
Rail S S S S 55 S
Water 312 621 −49.7 S 431 S
Air (including truck and air) 516 2,848 −81.9 S 21 S
Pipeline
Multiple modes S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S
Truck and rail
All other multiple modes S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents an estimate equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates exlude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentially protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Research and Innovative Technologies Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Export Data, March 2005.