Table 1b. Hazardous Material Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation: 2002 and 1997

Table 1b. Hazardous Material Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the 2002 and 1997 Commodity Flow Surveys. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Mode of transportation
Value
Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent
change
2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent
change
2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent
change
2002 1997 Percent
change
All modes 660,181 526,679 25.3 2,191,519 1,783,620 22.9 326,727 294,823 10.8 136 110 23.7
Single modes 644,489 510,417 26.3 2,158,533 1,752,056 23.2 311,897 273,865 13.9 105 89 17.1
Truck 1 419,630 325,166 29.1 1,159,514 959,199 20.9 110,163 82,211 34.0 86 70 23.7
For-hire truck 189,803 144,469 31.4 449,503 369,991 21.5 65,112 49,238 32.2 285 251 13.4
Private truck 226,660 177,144 28.0 702,186 577,003 21.7 44,087 31,948 38.0 38 35 8.0
Rail 31,339 34,937 -10.3 109,369 102,508 6.7 72,087 78,619 -8.3 695 837 -17.0
Water 46,856 33,071 41.7 228,197 167,716 36.1 70,649 63,089 12.0 S S S
Air (includes truck and air) 1,643 8,591 -80.9 64 74 -12.5 85 100 -15.4 2,080 1,455 42.9
Pipeline 2 145,021 108,653 33.5 661,390 522,560 26.6 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 9,631 7,203 33.7 18,745 12,266 52.8 12,488 S S 849 652 30.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,268 3,184 34.0 245 202 21.2 119 93 27.3 837 697 20.1
Other multiple modes 5,363 4,019 33.4 18,500 12,064 53.4 12,369 S S 1,371 168 718.4
Other and unknown modes 6,061 9,058 -33.1 14,241 19,298 -26.2 2,342 1,885 24.2 57 33 73.2

KEY:
– Represents and estimate equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of highly sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private and for-hire truck.

2 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Hazmat Data, December 2004.