Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 26,161 100.0 20,293 100.0 3,204 100.0 371
Single modes 24,412 93.3 19,010 93.7 3,072 95.9 247
Truck2 23,335 89.2 18,865 93.0 2,897 90.4 239
Rail S S S S S S 1,325
All other Single modes S S S S 5 0.2 1,132
Multiple modes 1,630 6.2 83 0.4 108 3.4 592
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,572 6.0 51 0.3 30 0.9 591
All other Multiple modes 59 0.2 31 0.2 78 2.4 2,670
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 713

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 159
Single modes S S S S S S 159
Truck2 S S S S S S 159
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S 915 100.0 112 100.0 S
Single modes S S 772 84.3 100 88.8 S
Truck2 S S 772 84.3 100 88.8 S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 85

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 50 100.0 S S 209 100.0 S
Single modes 42 84.1 2,699 71.9 193 92.2 S
Truck2 42 84.1 2,699 71.9 193 92.2 S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,414
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,524
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,085
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,532 100.0 6,144 100.0 S S 46
Single modes 1,532 100.0 6,144 100.0 S S 46
Truck2 1,532 100.0 6,144 100.0 S S 46
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,666 100.0 337 100.0 293 100.0 437
Single modes 1,304 78.2 304 90.1 219 74.9 440
Truck2 1,225 73.5 286 84.9 200 68.3 384
Rail S S S S S S 1,124
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,082
Multiple modes S S 33 9.9 73 25.1 437
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 431
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,771
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,009 100.0 1,617 100.0 919 100.0 732
Single modes 5,300 88.2 1,595 98.6 908 98.7 919
Truck2 5,267 87.7 1,558 96.3 860 93.6 919
Rail S S S S S S 1,579
All other Single modes S S S S S S 265
Multiple modes S S 18 1.1 S S 591
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 18 1.1 S S 591
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,974
Other and unknown modes S S 4 0.3 2 0.2 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,374 100.0 S S 469 100.0 400
Single modes 2,253 94.9 S S 463 98.7 355
Truck2 2,243 94.5 S S 462 98.4 329
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,289
Multiple modes S S S S S S 440
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 440
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,555

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 498
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck2 662 35.6 56 36.9 14 11.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,084
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,235
Multiple modes 239 12.9 7 4.7 4 3.5 661
Parcel, USPS or courier 239 12.9 7 4.7 4 3.5 661
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 9,137 100.0 2,313 100.0 345 100.0 425
Single modes 8,890 97.3 2,301 99.5 336 97.7 195
Truck2 8,890 97.3 2,301 99.5 336 97.7 195
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 244
Multiple modes 229 2.5 9 0.4 7 2.0 839
Parcel, USPS or courier 229 2.5 9 0.4 7 2.0 839
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 992

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 184
Single modes S S S S S S 90
Truck2 S S S S S S 90
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,345
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,345
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.