Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 158,772 100.0 202,099 100.0 27,909 100.0
Less than 50 miles 43,695 27.5 140,855 69.7 2,688 9.6
50 to 99 miles 8,904 5.6 7,986 4.0 765 2.7
100 to 249 miles 27,854 17.5 24,759 12.3 5,006 17.9
250 to 499 miles 33,892 21.3 15,510 7.7 6,889 24.7
500 to 749 miles 29,173 18.4 8,951 4.4 6,570 23.5
750 to 999 miles 5,860 3.7 2,319 1.1 2,396 8.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,498 0.9 471 0.2 647 2.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,814 3.7 753 0.4 1,624 5.8
2,000 miles or more 2,082 1.3 494 0.2 1,322 4.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 137,608 100.0 196,251 100.0 27,035 100.0
Less than 50 miles 40,921 29.7 136,037 69.3 2,566 9.5
50 to 99 miles 7,658 5.6 7,854 4.0 753 2.8
100 to 249 miles 24,513 17.8 24,521 12.5 4,959 18.3
250 to 499 miles 28,937 21.0 15,306 7.8 6,801 25.2
500 to 749 miles 24,264 17.6 8,751 4.5 6,420 23.7
750 to 999 miles 3,771 2.7 2,210 1.1 2,284 8.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,100 0.8 441 0.2 606 2.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 686 0.3 1,467 5.4
2,000 miles or more 1,582 1.1 446 0.2 1,180 4.4

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 127,489 100.0 191,071 100.0 23,929 100.0
Less than 50 miles 40,703 31.9 135,580 71.0 2,555 10.7
50 to 99 miles 7,638 6.0 7,836 4.1 750 3.1
100 to 249 miles 24,163 19.0 23,611 12.4 4,740 19.8
250 to 499 miles 27,424 21.5 12,748 6.7 5,503 23.0
500 to 749 miles 20,246 15.9 8,011 4.2 5,806 24.3
750 to 999 miles 3,489 2.7 1,976 1.0 1,995 8.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,065 0.8 410 0.2 558 2.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,627 1.3 616 0.3 1,296 5.4
2,000 miles or more 1,134 0.9 283 0.1 725 3.0

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,595 100.0 5,122 100.0 3,036 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 458 8.9 11 0.4
50 to 99 miles S S S S 3 0.1
100 to 249 miles 120 2.1 903 17.6 214 7.0
250 to 499 miles 924 16.5 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 3,562 63.7 721 14.1 594 19.6
750 to 999 miles S S 230 4.5 285 9.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S 163 3.2 452 14.9

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 19 33.5 19 27.6
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 17,882 100.0 673 100.0 529 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,680 9.4 61 9.1 2 0.3
50 to 99 miles 1,072 6.0 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 2,993 16.7 127 18.9 26 5.0
250 to 499 miles 4,466 25.0 135 20.0 59 11.1
500 to 749 miles 4,413 24.7 127 18.8 97 18.4
750 to 999 miles 1,572 8.8 53 7.8 55 10.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 378 2.1 12 1.8 18 3.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 812 4.5 54 8.0 127 24.0
2,000 miles or more 495 2.8 47 7.0 139 26.3

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 17,688 100.0 579 100.0 319 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,676 9.5 56 9.7 2 0.5
50 to 99 miles 1,071 6.1 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 2,993 16.9 127 22.0 26 8.3
250 to 499 miles 4,458 25.2 124 21.4 53 16.7
500 to 749 miles 4,387 24.8 120 20.7 91 28.5
750 to 999 miles 1,572 8.9 53 9.1 55 17.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 375 2.1 12 2.1 18 5.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 720 4.1 20 3.4 41 13.0
2,000 miles or more 436 2.5 10 1.8 27 8.4

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 194 100.0 94 100.0 211 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 92 47.4 34 36.2 86 40.6
2,000 miles or more 59 30.7 S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,282 100.0 S S 345 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,094 33.3 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 348 10.6 112 2.2 21 6.1
250 to 499 miles S S 70 1.3 30 8.6
500 to 749 miles 495 15.1 74 1.4 53 15.4
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 141 4.3 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.