Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 158,772 100.0 202,099 100.0 27,909 100.0 461
Less than 50 lbs 15,626 9.8 337 0.2 168 0.6 599
50 to 99 lbs 4,841 3.0 263 0.1 99 0.4 388
100 to 499 lbs 17,013 10.7 1,891 0.9 454 1.6 258
500 to 749 lbs 5,996 3.8 881 0.4 214 0.8 242
750 to 999 lbs 4,480 2.8 709 0.4 189 0.7 268
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 39,366 24.8 11,443 5.7 3,238 11.6 285
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 64,243 40.5 143,935 71.2 19,051 68.3 148
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,169 3.9 37,261 18.4 2,455 8.8 64
100,000 lbs or more 1,038 0.7 5,379 2.7 2,040 7.3 378

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 137,608 100.0 196,251 100.0 27,035 100.0 217
Less than 50 lbs 4,392 3.2 84 20 219
50 to 99 lbs 2,150 1.6 156 36 0.1 228
100 to 499 lbs 13,116 9.5 1,690 0.9 369 1.4 227
500 to 749 lbs 5,680 4.1 833 0.4 201 0.7 239
750 to 999 lbs 4,030 2.9 677 0.3 173 0.6 255
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 37,744 27.4 11,087 5.6 3,097 11.5 281
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 63,374 46.1 140,906 71.8 18,694 69.1 148
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,148 4.5 35,593 18.1 2,405 8.9 66
100,000 lbs or more 975 0.7 5,224 2.7 2,039 7.5 394

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 127,489 100.0 191,071 100.0 23,929 100.0 205
Less than 50 lbs 3,985 3.1 81 16 185
50 to 99 lbs 2,060 1.6 154 33 0.1 211
100 to 499 lbs 12,986 10.2 1,682 0.9 365 1.5 225
500 to 749 lbs 5,655 4.4 831 0.4 197 0.8 235
750 to 999 lbs 3,952 3.1 672 0.4 168 0.7 251
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 36,757 28.8 11,050 5.8 3,052 12.8 274
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 55,759 43.7 140,216 73.4 17,747 74.2 142
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,099 4.8 35,223 18.4 2,107 8.8 61
100,000 lbs or more 236 0.2 S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 5,595 100.0 5,122 100.0 3,036 100.0 818
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 276
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 333
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,507
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 774
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 311
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 4,784 85.5 687 13.4 940 31.0 1,303
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 816
100,000 lbs or more 739 13.2 4,061 79.3 1,796 59.2 434

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,084
Less than 50 lbs S S 3 5.3 4 5.0 1,063
50 to 99 lbs 90 2.0 2 4.3 3 4.7 1,246
100 to 499 lbs 112 2.5 5 8.8 4 5.3 876
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,453
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 940
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,185
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,108
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 17,882 100.0 673 100.0 529 100.0 687
Less than 50 lbs 10,904 61.0 246 36.5 148 27.9 697
50 to 99 lbs 2,506 14.0 97 14.5 61 11.6 648
100 to 499 lbs 3,596 20.1 172 25.6 82 15.4 489
500 to 749 lbs 297 1.7 38 5.7 13 2.5 346
750 to 999 lbs S S 24 3.5 15 2.8 648
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 28 0.2 8 1.2 14 2.6 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 174 1.0 88 13.0 197 37.2 2,211
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 17,688 100.0 579 100.0 319 100.0 687
Less than 50 lbs 10,904 61.6 246 42.5 148 46.3 697
50 to 99 lbs 2,505 14.2 97 16.8 61 19.2 647
100 to 499 lbs 3,596 20.3 172 29.8 82 25.6 488
500 to 749 lbs 297 1.7 38 6.6 13 4.1 346
750 to 999 lbs S S 24 4.1 15 4.7 648
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 298
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 194 100.0 94 100.0 211 100.0 2,237
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 966
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 4,818
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 5,904
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 19 9.8 7 7.1 13 6.3 2,528
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 174 89.9 88 92.9 197 93.6 2,211
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,282 100.0 S S 345 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs 329 10.0 7 0.1 0.1 S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S 28 0.6 3 1.0 S
500 to 749 lbs S S 10 0.2 0.1 S
750 to 999 lbs S S 9 0.2 2 0.6 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,595 48.6 347 6.7 127 36.9 394
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 695 21.2 S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 63 1.9 155 3.0 1 0.2 5

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.