Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 158,772 100.0 202,099 100.0 27,909 100.0 461
Single modes 137,608 86.7 196,251 97.1 27,035 96.9 217
Truck2 127,489 80.3 191,071 94.5 23,929 85.7 205
Rail 5,595 3.5 5,122 2.5 3,036 10.9 818
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,084
Multiple modes 17,882 11.3 673 0.3 529 1.9 687
Parcel, USPS or courier 17,688 11.1 579 0.3 319 1.1 687
All other Multiple modes 194 0.1 94 211 0.8 2,237
Other and unknown modes 3,282 2.1 S S 345 1.2 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 9,226 100.0 8,495 100.0 2,579 100.0 279
Single modes 8,989 97.4 8,322 98.0 2,524 97.9 124
Truck2 8,970 97.2 8,026 94.5 2,335 90.5 123
Rail S S S S S S 638
All other Single modes S S S S S S 242
Multiple modes S S S S S S 739
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 738
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,808
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 73

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 10,449 100.0 11,647 100.0 3,010 100.0 218
Single modes 10,262 98.2 11,616 99.7 3,001 99.7 65
Truck2 10,244 98.0 11,544 99.1 2,997 99.6 65
Rail S S S S S S 126
All other Single modes
Multiple modes 166 1.6 15 0.1 5 0.2 556
Parcel, USPS or courier 162 1.6 10 5 0.2 556
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 140

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 623 100.0 91,593 100.0 4,766 100.0 42
Single modes 604 96.9 87,700 95.7 4,651 97.6 43
Truck2 586 94.0 85,502 93.4 3,723 78.1 42
Rail S S S S S S 284
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,426 100.0 38,713 100.0 S S 47
Single modes 6,426 100.0 38,713 100.0 S S 47
Truck2 6,426 100.0 38,713 100.0 S S 47
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 24
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 24
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 22,723 100.0 6,743 100.0 3,465 100.0 381
Single modes 20,147 88.7 6,574 97.5 3,382 97.6 338
Truck2 19,866 87.4 6,288 93.3 2,876 83.0 335
Rail 254 1.1 283 4.2 504 14.5 2,137
All other Single modes S S S S S S 812
Multiple modes 1,941 8.5 101 1.5 58 1.7 445
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,910 8.4 89 1.3 29 0.8 444
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,867
Other and unknown modes S S 67 1.0 S S 223

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 19,142 100.0 9,370 100.0 3,970 100.0 731
Single modes 16,724 87.4 8,963 95.7 3,809 95.9 326
Truck2 15,490 80.9 8,140 86.9 3,097 78.0 290
Rail 239 1.2 784 8.4 664 16.7 896
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,114
Multiple modes 2,157 11.3 158 1.7 135 3.4 822
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,121 11.1 123 1.3 71 1.8 822
All other Multiple modes 36 0.2 S S S S 2,110
Other and unknown modes 261 1.4 249 2.7 26 0.7 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 20,390 100.0 21,286 100.0 5,927 100.0 417
Single modes 17,347 85.1 21,049 98.9 5,759 97.2 286
Truck2 16,944 83.1 20,690 97.2 5,622 94.8 269
Rail S S S S S S 276
All other Single modes 125 0.6 7 6 0.1 1,048
Multiple modes 2,704 13.3 147 0.7 S S 553
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,628 12.9 120 0.6 58 1.0 552
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,905
Other and unknown modes S S 91 0.4 S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 37,395 100.0 4,232 100.0 1,513 100.0 590
Single modes 29,100 77.8 4,015 94.9 1,355 89.5 398
Truck2 21,567 57.7 3,646 86.2 1,027 67.9 356
Rail 4,392 11.7 361 8.5 316 20.9 934
All other Single modes S S 8 0.2 13 0.8 1,091
Multiple modes 6,969 18.6 107 2.5 73 4.8 702
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,963 18.6 105 2.5 66 4.3 702
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 7,062
Other and unknown modes 1,326 3.5 110 2.6 S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 32,169 100.0 9,866 100.0 1,827 100.0 388
Single modes 27,794 86.4 9,146 92.7 1,702 93.2 171
Truck2 27,180 84.5 8,370 84.8 1,401 76.7 167
Rail S S S S S S 809
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,166
Multiple modes 3,822 11.9 124 1.3 84 4.6 664
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,822 11.9 124 1.3 84 4.6 664
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 4
Other and unknown modes 552 1.7 S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 229 100.0 153 100.0 17 100.0 678
Single modes 216 94.3 152 99.4 17 98.8 827
Truck2 216 94.3 152 99.4 17 98.8 827
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes 13 5.7 S S S S 590
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.1 0.4 590
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 181
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.