Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 19,915 100.0 17,207 100.0 1,302 100.0 350
Single modes 13,533 68.0 16,954 98.5 1,246 95.7 208
Truck2 10,776 54.1 16,933 98.4 1,211 93.0 96
Rail S S S S S S 931
All other Single modes 2,742 13.8 13 27 2.1 1,842
Multiple modes 5,934 29.8 46 0.3 24 1.9 724
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,932 29.8 38 0.2 24 1.9 724
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 39
Other and unknown modes 448 2.2 207 1.2 S S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,125 100.0 1,064 100.0 S S 113
Single modes 1,066 94.7 1,044 98.1 S S 111
Truck2 1,066 94.7 1,044 98.1 S S 111
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 192
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 192
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 48 100.0 6,183 100.0 103 100.0 24
Single modes 45 94.6 6,074 98.2 102 98.5 24
Truck2 44 92.8 6,074 98.2 101 98.5 20
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,873
Multiple modes S S S S S S 7
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 7
Other and unknown modes 3 5.4 S S S S 13

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 391 100.0 1,641 100.0 62 100.0 41
Single modes 391 100.0 1,641 100.0 62 100.0 38
Truck2 391 100.0 1,641 100.0 62 100.0 38
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 216
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 216
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 926 100.0 254 100.0 202 100.0 508
Single modes 807 87.2 248 97.3 200 98.7 531
Truck2 733 79.2 240 94.2 191 94.3 424
Rail S S S S S S 931
All other Single modes S S S S S S 2,119
Multiple modes S S S S S S 490
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 490
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 987 100.0 201 100.0 33 100.0 357
Single modes 501 50.7 184 91.4 24 73.0 99
Truck2 499 50.6 184 91.4 24 72.7 81
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,762
Multiple modes S S S S S S 439
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 439
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,876 100.0 6,670 100.0 S S S
Single modes 1,595 85.0 6,605 99.0 S S S
Truck2 1,587 84.6 6,605 99.0 S S S
Rail
All other Single modes S S 2,277
Multiple modes S S 5 S S 491
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 491
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 182
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 285

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 11,310 100.0 129 100.0 49 100.0 707
Single modes 5,981 52.9 S S 33 66.8 S
Truck2 3,313 29.3 S S 8 17.1 S
Rail
All other Single modes 2,668 23.6 S S S S 1,806
Multiple modes 4,989 44.1 12 9.6 13 26.3 1,068
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,989 44.1 12 9.6 13 26.3 1,068
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 341 3.0 19 15.1 3 7.0 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,942 100.0 899 100.0 227 100.0 307
Single modes 2,841 96.6 896 99.7 225 99.3 147
Truck2 2,835 96.4 896 99.6 224 98.7 134
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 3,373
Multiple modes 97 3.3 2 0.2 2 0.7 1,029
Parcel, USPS or courier 97 3.3 2 0.2 2 0.7 1,029
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 273
Multiple modes S S S S 578
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 578
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.