Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 70,963 100.0 105,639 100.0 10,383 100.0
Less than 50 miles 30,763 43.4 S S 1,264 12.2
50 to 99 miles 9,997 14.1 7,811 7.4 741 7.1
100 to 249 miles 11,897 16.8 9,278 8.8 1,798 17.3
250 to 499 miles 6,681 9.4 4,089 3.9 1,752 16.9
500 to 749 miles 4,461 6.3 2,477 2.3 1,881 18.1
750 to 999 miles 2,531 3.6 787 0.7 862 8.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,773 2.5 347 0.3 492 4.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 706 1.0 48 91 0.9
2,000 miles or more 2,153 3.0 522 0.5 1,502 14.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 61,827 100.0 104,232 100.0 9,993 100.0
Less than 50 miles 26,746 43.3 S S 1,248 12.5
50 to 99 miles 9,432 15.3 7,749 7.4 735 7.4
100 to 249 miles 11,129 18.0 9,193 8.8 1,778 17.8
250 to 499 miles 5,752 9.3 4,022 3.9 1,711 17.1
500 to 749 miles 3,724 6.0 2,448 2.3 1,859 18.6
750 to 999 miles 2,069 3.3 700 0.7 767 7.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,155 1.9 340 0.3 483 4.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 419 0.7 38 71 0.7
2,000 miles or more 1,401 2.3 469 0.4 1,340 13.4

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 59,764 100.0 99,466 100.0 7,094 100.0
Less than 50 miles 26,744 44.7 S S 1,227 17.3
50 to 99 miles 9,251 15.5 7,019 7.1 641 9.0
100 to 249 miles 10,669 17.9 7,976 8.0 1,485 20.9
250 to 499 miles 5,670 9.5 3,663 3.7 1,515 21.4
500 to 749 miles 3,252 5.4 1,100 1.1 794 11.2
750 to 999 miles 1,883 3.2 357 0.4 366 5.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 987 1.7 272 0.3 376 5.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 363 0.6 38 70 1.0
2,000 miles or more 945 1.6 231 0.2 622 8.8

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,425 100.0 4,291 100.0 2,857 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles 180 12.6 S S 95 3.3
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 359 8.4 196 6.9
500 to 749 miles 435 30.5 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 638 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 1 0.1 0.8
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 0.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 1 1.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,965 100.0 336 100.0 328 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,025 17.2 46 13.7 1 0.4
50 to 99 miles 490 8.2 20 5.9 2 0.6
100 to 249 miles 706 11.8 52 15.5 14 4.2
250 to 499 miles 905 15.2 63 18.8 S S
500 to 749 miles 733 12.3 29 8.5 22 6.8
750 to 999 miles 452 7.6 58 17.1 60 18.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 6 1.8 8 2.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 750 12.6 53 15.8 161 49.0

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,754 100.0 205 100.0 135 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,016 17.7 44 21.6 1 1.0
50 to 99 miles 487 8.5 18 9.0 2 1.3
100 to 249 miles 674 11.7 43 21.1 9 6.8
250 to 499 miles 896 15.6 37 17.9 15 11.4
500 to 749 miles 711 12.3 15 7.2 11 8.3
750 to 999 miles 372 6.5 12 5.7 12 8.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 6 2.9 8 6.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 700 12.2 S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 211 100.0 131 100.0 194 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 46 34.9 48 24.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 50 23.7 S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,171 100.0 1,070 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 2,992 94.4 961 89.7 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 63 2.0 33 3.1 6 10.2
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.