Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 70,963 100.0 105,639 100.0 10,383 100.0 305
Less than 50 lbs 4,931 6.9 121 0.1 47 0.5 545
50 to 99 lbs 2,008 2.8 161 0.2 23 0.2 144
100 to 499 lbs 6,495 9.2 1,026 1.0 139 1.3 140
500 to 749 lbs 2,575 3.6 711 0.7 82 0.8 S
750 to 999 lbs 1,578 2.2 516 0.5 42 0.4 81
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 25,323 35.7 S S 959 9.2 87
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 25,140 35.4 S S 5,774 55.6 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,208 1.7 9,086 8.6 S S 56
100,000 lbs or more 1,706 2.4 4,891 4.6 2,797 26.9 642

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 61,827 100.0 104,232 100.0 9,993 100.0 103
Less than 50 lbs 1,481 2.4 55 7 177
50 to 99 lbs 1,097 1.8 123 0.1 7 59
100 to 499 lbs 5,002 8.1 830 0.8 75 0.8 91
500 to 749 lbs 2,370 3.8 666 0.6 63 0.6 S
750 to 999 lbs 1,527 2.5 493 0.5 40 0.4 82
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 22,638 36.6 S S 900 9.0 88
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 24,800 40.1 S S 5,591 56.0 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,204 1.9 9,072 8.7 S S 56
100,000 lbs or more 1,706 2.8 4,891 4.7 2,797 28.0 642

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 59,764 100.0 99,466 100.0 7,094 100.0 88
Less than 50 lbs 1,397 2.3 54 S S 119
50 to 99 lbs 1,025 1.7 122 0.1 6 52
100 to 499 lbs 4,916 8.2 829 0.8 73 1.0 88
500 to 749 lbs 2,095 3.5 663 0.7 55 0.8 85
750 to 999 lbs 1,522 2.5 493 0.5 40 0.6 81
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 22,540 37.7 S S 887 12.5 88
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 24,468 40.9 S S 5,459 77.0 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,204 2.0 9,072 9.1 S S 56
100,000 lbs or more S S 260 0.3 S S 261

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,425 100.0 4,291 100.0 2,857 100.0 769
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 968
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,114
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 1,107 77.7 4,168 97.1 2,720 95.2 671

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 638 100.0 S S S S 1,797
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 0.1 1 2.7 1,805
50 to 99 lbs S S 1 0.1 1 2.1 1,312
100 to 499 lbs S S 1 0.2 2 4.1 1,702
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,746
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,376
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,546
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 845
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 47

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 5,965 100.0 336 100.0 328 100.0 680
Less than 50 lbs 3,374 56.6 64 18.9 40 12.2 692
50 to 99 lbs 871 14.6 33 9.8 16 4.8 470
100 to 499 lbs 1,320 22.1 84 25.0 S S 661
500 to 749 lbs 166 2.8 S S S S 957
750 to 999 lbs 29 0.5 6 1.8 1 0.4 248
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 160 2.7 111 33.0 179 54.4 1,541
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 953
100,000 lbs or more

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 5,754 100.0 205 100.0 135 100.0 679
Less than 50 lbs 3,374 58.6 63 30.9 40 29.6 692
50 to 99 lbs 869 15.1 33 15.9 16 11.6 470
100 to 499 lbs 1,315 22.8 84 40.9 S S 658
500 to 749 lbs 166 2.9 S S S S 957
750 to 999 lbs 28 0.5 6 2.8 1 1.1 251
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,095
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 211 100.0 131 100.0 194 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 510
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 510
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,419
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 36
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 160 75.6 111 84.6 179 92.3 1,541
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 953
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,171 100.0 1,070 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs 75 2.4 S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 18
100 to 499 lbs 173 5.4 S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs 39 1.2 S S S S 35
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 15
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,642 83.3 818 76.4 S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 179 5.7 85 7.9 4 7.0 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 14
100,000 lbs or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.