Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 33,462 100.0 63,492 100.0 16,073 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,921 23.7 25,819 40.7 502 3.1
50 to 99 miles 4,523 13.5 9,276 14.6 884 5.5
100 to 249 miles 10,248 30.6 13,583 21.4 2,873 17.9
250 to 499 miles 4,096 12.2 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 3,574 10.7 4,688 7.4 3,526 21.9
750 to 999 miles 1,382 4.1 1,087 1.7 1,094 6.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 1,050 1.7 2,590 16.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 28,285 100.0 58,031 100.0 15,867 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,418 26.2 20,817 35.9 469 3.0
50 to 99 miles 4,186 14.8 9,252 15.9 882 5.6
100 to 249 miles 8,689 30.7 13,243 22.8 2,774 17.5
250 to 499 miles 3,338 11.8 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 2,455 8.7 4,649 8.0 3,498 22.0
750 to 999 miles 791 2.8 1,076 1.9 1,083 6.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 1,048 1.8 2,586 16.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 27,096 100.0 45,011 100.0 9,548 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,314 27.0 18,833 41.8 386 4.0
50 to 99 miles 4,093 15.1 8,342 18.5 763 8.0
100 to 249 miles 8,519 31.4 9,807 21.8 1,912 20.0
250 to 499 miles 3,021 11.1 3,440 7.6 1,471 15.4
500 to 749 miles 2,102 7.8 2,504 5.6 1,795 18.8
750 to 999 miles 744 2.7 795 1.8 791 8.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,103 100.0 12,427 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 85 7.7 1,498 12.1 S S
50 to 99 miles 92 8.3 S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 3,329 26.8 826 13.2
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 40 3.6 281 2.3 291 4.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,471 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 214 4.8 3 0.7
50 to 99 miles 233 5.2 5 1.4 0.3
100 to 249 miles 1,383 30.9 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 723 16.2 13 3.6 6 4.5
500 to 749 miles 1,074 24.0 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 541 12.1 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 103 2.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 104 2.3 2 0.6 4 3.3
2,000 miles or more S S 2 0.5 5 3.9

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,461 100.0 80 100.0 50 100.0
Less than 50 miles 214 4.8 3 3.2 0.1
50 to 99 miles 233 5.2 5 6.2 0.9
100 to 249 miles 1,373 30.8 23 29.4 5 10.4
250 to 499 miles 723 16.2 13 16.2 6 12.3
500 to 749 miles 1,074 24.1 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 541 12.1 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 103 2.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 104 2.3 2 2.6 4 9.0
2,000 miles or more S S 2 2.1 5 10.6

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 705 100.0 5,101 100.0 71 100.0
Less than 50 miles 289 41.0 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 104 14.7 19 0.4 2 2.5
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 35 5.0 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.