Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 33,462 100.0 63,492 100.0 16,073 100.0 489
Single modes 28,285 84.5 58,031 91.4 15,867 98.7 134
Truck2 27,096 81.0 45,011 70.9 9,548 59.4 126
Rail 1,103 3.3 12,427 19.6 S S 559
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,032
Multiple modes 4,471 13.4 S S S S 832
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,461 13.3 80 0.1 50 0.3 832
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 307
Other and unknown modes 705 2.1 5,101 8.0 71 0.4 244

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 753
Single modes S S S S S S 753
Truck2 S S S S S S 753
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,666 100.0 3,044 100.0 S S S
Single modes 2,656 99.6 3,027 99.4 S S S
Truck2 2,656 99.6 3,027 99.4 S S S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 395
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 395
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 71

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 168 100.0 12,775 100.0 1,073 100.0 54
Single modes 168 100.0 12,773 100.0 1,073 100.0 52
Truck2 157 93.4 10,592 82.9 548 51.1 51
Rail S S S S S S 143
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 430
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 430
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,258 100.0 17,812 100.0 1,827 100.0 88
Single modes 2,067 91.5 12,592 70.7 1,709 93.5 88
Truck2 1,855 82.1 8,821 49.5 586 32.0 67
Rail 189 8.4 3,179 17.8 1,074 58.8 494
All other Single modes S S S S S S 105
Multiple modes S S S S S S 307
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 307
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,708 100.0 S S S S 741
Single modes 4,407 57.2 S S S S 198
Truck2 4,407 57.2 S S S S 198
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes 3,302 42.8 23 0.6 12 0.4 857
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,302 42.8 23 0.6 12 0.4 857
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 80

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,270 100.0 S S 429 100.0 501
Single modes 1,811 79.8 S S 405 94.4 253
Truck2 1,799 79.3 S S 394 91.8 229
Rail 7 0.3 24 0.9 11 2.6 460
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,155
Multiple modes S S S S S S 829
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 829
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,940 100.0 19,129 100.0 8,133 100.0 246
Single modes 6,670 96.1 19,031 99.5 8,102 99.6 207
Truck2 5,787 83.4 12,075 63.1 3,455 42.5 192
Rail S S S S S S 695
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,176
Multiple modes 98 1.4 12 S S 493
Parcel, USPS or courier 98 1.4 12 S S 493
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 86 0.5 S S 487

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,553 100.0 279 100.0 S S S
Single modes 1,914 75.0 237 85.0 S S S
Truck2 1,892 74.1 237 85.0 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 82
All other Single modes
Multiple modes 404 15.8 9 3.2 5 3.1 507
Parcel, USPS or courier 404 15.8 9 3.2 5 3.1 507
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 8,362 100.0 3,853 100.0 659 100.0 376
Single modes 8,077 96.6 3,844 99.8 651 98.8 194
Truck2 8,054 96.3 3,844 99.8 651 98.8 169
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 874
Multiple modes S S 9 0.2 S S 814
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 9 0.2 S S 814
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 241

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 292
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 148
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 309
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 309
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.