Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 126,364 100.0 55,227 100.0 10,584 100.0
Less than 50 miles 45,691 36.2 41,370 74.9 769 7.3
50 to 99 miles 11,719 9.3 3,126 5.7 272 2.6
100 to 249 miles 23,549 18.6 3,598 6.5 738 7.0
250 to 499 miles 9,017 7.1 1,557 2.8 659 6.2
500 to 749 miles 7,156 5.7 819 1.5 684 6.5
750 to 999 miles 7,941 6.3 1,152 2.1 1,181 11.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,865 6.2 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,471 3.5 480 0.9 S S
2,000 miles or more 8,955 7.1 595 1.1 1,759 16.6

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 96,946 100.0 53,333 100.0 9,751 100.0
Less than 50 miles 38,254 39.5 40,377 75.7 750 7.7
50 to 99 miles 9,889 10.2 2,935 5.5 255 2.6
100 to 249 miles 17,922 18.5 3,393 6.4 696 7.1
250 to 499 miles 6,881 7.1 1,458 2.7 620 6.4
500 to 749 miles 5,446 5.6 790 1.5 661 6.8
750 to 999 miles 5,195 5.4 1,012 1.9 1,033 10.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,443 5.6 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,645 2.7 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 5,271 5.4 471 0.9 1,392 14.3

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 93,676 100.0 51,896 100.0 8,930 100.0
Less than 50 miles 38,146 40.7 39,396 75.9 746 8.3
50 to 99 miles 9,829 10.5 2,935 5.7 254 2.8
100 to 249 miles 16,757 17.9 3,386 6.5 695 7.8
250 to 499 miles 6,709 7.2 1,458 2.8 619 6.9
500 to 749 miles 5,168 5.5 680 1.3 544 6.1
750 to 999 miles 4,966 5.3 949 1.8 967 10.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,961 5.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,468 2.6 205 0.4 402 4.5
2,000 miles or more 4,672 5.0 453 0.9 1,336 15.0

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,951 100.0 17 100.0 18 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 1,166 39.5 7 44.6 2 9.7
250 to 499 miles 173 5.8 1 5.3 1 3.9
500 to 749 miles 246 8.3 1 3.2 1 3.2
750 to 999 miles 184 6.2 S S 1 6.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 2 12.9 3 17.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 96 3.3 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 547 18.5 3 15.3 7 39.2

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 24,712 100.0 865 100.0 544 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,488 18.2 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 1,717 6.9 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 5,431 22.0 128 14.8 26 4.8
250 to 499 miles 1,975 8.0 41 4.7 18 3.3
500 to 749 miles 1,639 6.6 29 3.4 23 4.2
750 to 999 miles 2,359 9.5 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,301 9.3 50 5.8 74 13.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,560 6.3 15 1.8 30 5.6
2,000 miles or more 3,242 13.1 75 8.6 230 42.2

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 24,374 100.0 736 100.0 337 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,488 18.4 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 1,717 7.0 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 5,424 22.3 123 16.7 25 7.3
250 to 499 miles 1,975 8.1 41 5.5 18 5.3
500 to 749 miles 1,639 6.7 29 3.9 23 6.8
750 to 999 miles 2,162 8.9 37 5.0 39 11.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,247 9.2 37 5.0 52 15.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,560 6.4 15 2.1 30 9.0
2,000 miles or more 3,163 13.0 44 6.0 130 38.7

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,707 100.0 1,029 100.0 290 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,950 62.7 703 68.3 10 3.4
50 to 99 miles 113 2.4 71 6.9 S S
100 to 249 miles 195 4.2 77 7.5 16 5.5
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 24 2.3 25 8.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 121 2.6 35 3.4 53 18.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 442 9.4 49 4.8 137 47.5

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.