Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 30,338 100.0 29,173 100.0 5,388 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,308 27.4 19,515 66.9 306 5.7
50 to 99 miles 1,934 6.4 941 3.2 76 1.4
100 to 249 miles 4,759 15.7 3,568 12.2 843 15.7
250 to 499 miles 7,461 24.6 2,806 9.6 1,305 24.2
500 to 749 miles 2,461 8.1 1,076 3.7 870 16.2
750 to 999 miles 810 2.7 415 1.4 S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,275 7.5 458 1.6 642 11.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 876 2.9 178 0.6 355 6.6
2,000 miles or more 1,455 4.8 215 0.7 565 10.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 25,642 100.0 28,916 100.0 5,191 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,418 28.9 19,445 67.2 305 5.9
50 to 99 miles 1,698 6.6 920 3.2 74 1.4
100 to 249 miles 4,226 16.5 3,557 12.3 841 16.2
250 to 499 miles 6,207 24.2 2,784 9.6 1,295 24.9
500 to 749 miles 1,986 7.7 997 3.4 793 15.3
750 to 999 miles 643 2.5 410 1.4 S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,662 6.5 435 1.5 610 11.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 699 2.7 176 0.6 351 6.8
2,000 miles or more 1,103 4.3 193 0.7 502 9.7

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 23,381 100.0 25,498 100.0 3,307 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,412 31.7 19,380 76.0 305 9.2
50 to 99 miles 1,697 7.3 899 3.5 72 2.2
100 to 249 miles 3,934 16.8 1,981 7.8 461 13.9
250 to 499 miles 5,417 23.2 1,931 7.6 847 25.6
500 to 749 miles 1,750 7.5 600 2.4 465 14.1
750 to 999 miles 586 2.5 193 0.8 193 5.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,176 5.0 241 0.9 328 9.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 628 2.7 99 0.4 186 5.6
2,000 miles or more 782 3.3 174 0.7 450 13.6

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,668 100.0 3,412 100.0 1,876 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 267 16.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 655 39.3 851 24.9 446 23.8
500 to 749 miles 202 12.1 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 309 18.5 193 5.7 281 15.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 593 100.0 5 100.0 8 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S 0.6
250 to 499 miles 135 22.7 1 27.2 1 11.7
500 to 749 miles S S S S 1.8
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 1 12.6 1 11.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 173 29.2 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,277 100.0 179 100.0 189 100.0
Less than 50 miles 597 14.0 16 9.2 0.2
50 to 99 miles 217 5.1 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 500 11.7 8 4.7 2 1.0
250 to 499 miles 1,200 28.0 18 10.0 8 4.2
500 to 749 miles 474 11.1 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 160 3.7 4 2.4 4 2.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 603 14.1 22 12.2 30 16.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 177 4.1 2 1.1 4 2.1
2,000 miles or more 351 8.2 23 12.6 63 33.1

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 4,195 100.0 83 100.0 60 100.0
Less than 50 miles 597 14.2 16 19.8 0.5
50 to 99 miles 217 5.2 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 499 11.9 8 10.0 2 3.1
250 to 499 miles 1,200 28.6 18 21.6 8 13.4
500 to 749 miles 466 11.1 13 15.6 10 17.0
750 to 999 miles 160 3.8 4 5.2 4 7.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 561 13.4 7 8.1 9 15.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 177 4.2 2 2.4 4 6.8
2,000 miles or more 319 7.6 8 9.5 21 35.3

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 83 100.0 S S 130 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S 15 15.3 42 32.2

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S 77 100.0 8 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 54 70.0 6.2
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 54 13.0 4 5.1 2 23.3
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.