Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 30,338 100.0 29,173 100.0 5,388 100.0 366
Single modes 25,642 84.5 28,916 99.1 5,191 96.3 253
Truck2 23,381 77.1 25,498 87.4 3,307 61.4 236
Rail 1,668 5.5 3,412 11.7 1,876 34.8 597
All other Single modes 593 2.0 5 8 0.2 1,460
Multiple modes 4,277 14.1 179 0.6 189 3.5 605
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,195 13.8 83 0.3 60 1.1 595
All other Multiple modes 83 0.3 S S 130 2.4 4,689
Other and unknown modes S S 77 0.3 8 0.1 128

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 896 100.0 430 100.0 63 100.0 S
Single modes 867 96.8 426 99.1 63 99.7 S
Truck2 867 96.8 426 99.1 63 99.7 S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 753
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 753
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 3,012 100.0 1,400 100.0 780 100.0 138
Single modes 3,003 99.7 1,397 99.7 774 99.3 S
Truck2 3,003 99.7 1,397 99.7 774 99.3 S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes 7 0.2 S S S S 769
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 0.2 1 767
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,741
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 50 100.0 4,236 100.0 110 100.0 28
Single modes 50 99.9 4,232 99.9 110 100.0 28
Truck2 50 99.9 4,232 99.9 110 100.0 28
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 667
Multiple modes S S S S S S 585
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 585
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,130 100.0 4,474 100.0 S S 29
Single modes 1,130 100.0 4,474 100.0 S S 27
Truck2 1,130 100.0 4,474 100.0 S S 27
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,455
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,455
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 5,066 100.0 2,888 100.0 1,593 100.0 829
Single modes 4,506 88.9 2,791 96.6 1,491 93.6 796
Truck2 4,136 81.6 1,545 53.5 530 33.3 778
Rail S S 1,243 43.0 957 60.1 788
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,495
Multiple modes S S S S S S 900
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 852
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,971
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 344

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,767 100.0 1,404 100.0 369 100.0 375
Single modes 1,417 80.2 1,379 98.2 336 91.1 147
Truck2 1,417 80.2 1,379 98.2 336 91.1 144
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,207
Multiple modes 294 16.6 18 1.3 S S 683
Parcel, USPS or courier 281 15.9 10 0.7 6 1.7 682
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,436
Other and unknown modes 56 3.1 6 0.5 2 0.5 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,120 100.0 S S 1,016 100.0 344
Single modes 6,161 86.5 S S 1,005 98.9 222
Truck2 5,709 80.2 S S 899 88.5 197
Rail 400 5.6 236 2.2 104 10.3 660
All other Single modes 51 0.7 S S S S 1,082
Multiple modes S S 12 0.1 8 0.8 451
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 10 0.1 7 0.7 450
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 760
Other and unknown modes 11 0.2 S S 3 0.3 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,746 100.0 784 100.0 394 100.0 S
Single modes 4,715 69.9 743 94.7 359 91.0 S
Truck2 3,488 51.7 535 68.3 215 54.6 S
Rail 792 11.7 206 26.3 142 35.9 735
All other Single modes 434 6.4 1 0.1 S S 1,540
Multiple modes 1,764 26.1 38 4.9 34 8.5 581
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,714 25.4 23 2.9 S S 579
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,552
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 107

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 4,535 100.0 S S S S 442
Single modes 3,779 83.3 S S S S 420
Truck2 3,565 78.6 969 35.7 S S 417
Rail S S S S S S 385
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,762
Multiple modes 712 15.7 15 0.6 9 1.1 474
Parcel, USPS or courier 712 15.7 15 0.6 9 1.1 474
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 44 1.0 2 335

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 16 100.0 S S 1 100.0 S
Single modes 15 90.9 S S 1 98.2 158
Truck2 15 90.9 S S 1 98.2 158
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 770

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.