Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 90,039 100.0 62,832 100.0 11,412 100.0 489
Single modes 83,340 92.6 58,997 93.9 11,129 97.5 341
Truck2 82,016 91.1 57,691 91.8 10,094 88.5 333
Rail 1,056 1.2 S S S S 885
All other Single modes 267 0.3 S S S S 1,079
Multiple modes 5,610 6.2 297 0.5 181 1.6 648
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,606 6.2 296 0.5 178 1.6 648
All other Multiple modes 4 S S S S 1,394
Other and unknown modes 1,089 1.2 S S S S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,906 100.0 3,040 100.0 500 100.0 205
Single modes 1,834 96.2 2,993 98.4 489 97.8 221
Truck2 1,831 96.1 2,992 98.4 486 97.2 220
Rail S S S S S S 3,124
All other Single modes S S S S S S 352
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,135
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,135
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 48

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 12,528 100.0 5,176 100.0 611 100.0 554
Single modes 12,310 98.3 5,171 99.9 606 99.2 S
Truck2 12,287 98.1 5,126 99.0 593 97.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 330
All other Single modes
Multiple modes 218 1.7 5 0.1 5 0.8 925
Parcel, USPS or courier 218 1.7 5 0.1 5 0.8 925
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 370 100.0 18,678 100.0 S S 36
Single modes 361 97.4 18,259 97.8 S S 38
Truck2 358 96.5 18,101 96.9 S S 37
Rail S S S S S S 345
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 224
Single modes S S S S S S 218
Truck2 S S S S S S 218
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 240
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 240
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S 5,471 100.0 S S 364
Single modes S S 5,236 95.7 S S 528
Truck2 S S 5,190 94.9 S S 526
Rail S S S S S S 2,816
All other Single modes S S S S S S 662
Multiple modes S S S S S S 275
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 275
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,962
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 132

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 22,385 100.0 5,878 100.0 1,768 100.0 758
Single modes 20,022 89.4 5,714 97.2 1,664 94.1 657
Truck2 20,007 89.4 5,712 97.2 1,662 94.0 651
Rail S S S S S S 803
All other Single modes S S S S S S 790
Multiple modes 2,175 9.7 S S S S 784
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,175 9.7 S S S S 784
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 716
Other and unknown modes 188 0.8 S S S S 148

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 11,487 100.0 S S 2,031 100.0 279
Single modes 10,770 93.8 S S 1,993 98.1 281
Truck2 10,678 93.0 S S 1,829 90.0 280
Rail S S S S 163 8.0 646
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,152
Multiple modes 580 5.0 18 0.1 S S 317
Parcel, USPS or courier 579 5.0 18 0.1 S S 316
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,993
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 73

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,314 100.0 1,316 100.0 S S 286
Single modes 5,642 89.4 1,284 97.6 S S 256
Truck2 4,954 78.5 768 58.4 306 38.8 246
Rail S S S S S S 923
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,068
Multiple modes 515 8.2 17 1.3 8 1.1 521
Parcel, USPS or courier 515 8.2 17 1.3 8 1.1 521
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 16,976 100.0 6,433 100.0 1,085 100.0 325
Single modes 16,109 94.9 6,384 99.3 1,067 98.3 280
Truck2 16,063 94.6 6,382 99.2 1,061 97.8 264
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,737
Multiple modes 678 4.0 26 0.4 14 1.3 505
Parcel, USPS or courier 678 4.0 26 0.4 14 1.3 505
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 231
Single modes S S S S S S 225
Truck2 154 40.7 S S S S 212
Rail S S S S S S 925
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 299
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 299
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 357

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.