Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 304,602 100.0 398,993 100.0 77,885 100.0
Less than 50 miles 102,680 33.7 273,542 68.6 5,348 6.9
50 to 99 miles 15,293 5.0 19,038 4.8 1,766 2.3
100 to 249 miles 40,006 13.1 32,296 8.1 6,388 8.2
250 to 499 miles 51,198 16.8 25,944 6.5 10,377 13.3
500 to 749 miles 43,194 14.2 19,382 4.9 14,616 18.8
750 to 999 miles 24,496 8.0 20,340 5.1 23,535 30.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 9,685 3.2 3,389 0.8 4,985 6.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 17,851 5.9 5,047 1.3 10,785 13.8
2,000 miles or more 200 16 S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 240,585 100.0 381,750 100.0 71,439 100.0
Less than 50 miles 91,540 38.0 263,786 69.1 5,127 7.2
50 to 99 miles 12,237 5.1 18,319 4.8 1,701 2.4
100 to 249 miles 32,316 13.4 30,187 7.9 5,885 8.2
250 to 499 miles 39,953 16.6 25,158 6.6 10,068 14.1
500 to 749 miles 28,372 11.8 17,960 4.7 13,459 18.8
750 to 999 miles 18,648 7.8 19,938 5.2 23,068 32.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,141 2.6 2,051 0.5 2,923 4.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 11,305 4.7 4,344 1.1 9,196 12.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 223,246 100.0 312,279 100.0 41,511 100.0
Less than 50 miles 86,431 38.7 232,548 74.5 4,526 10.9
50 to 99 miles 11,960 5.4 16,214 5.2 1,440 3.5
100 to 249 miles 30,577 13.7 20,790 6.7 4,281 10.3
250 to 499 miles 38,566 17.3 20,617 6.6 8,260 19.9
500 to 749 miles 25,105 11.2 11,592 3.7 8,694 20.9
750 to 999 miles 16,075 7.2 5,734 1.8 5,678 13.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,555 2.5 1,843 0.6 2,622 6.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 8,919 4.0 2,938 0.9 6,002 14.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 8,876 100.0 34,343 100.0 17,079 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 143 1.6 514 1.5 67 0.4
100 to 249 miles 784 8.8 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 816 9.2 3,778 11.0 1,592 9.3
500 to 749 miles 2,505 28.2 S S 4,297 25.2
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 145 1.6 202 0.6 290 1.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,628 18.3 1,368 4.0 3,100 18.2
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 8,463 100.0 35,128 100.0 12,849 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,473 41.0 19,765 56.3 260 2.0
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 955 11.3 4,076 11.6 566 4.4
250 to 499 miles 570 6.7 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 762 9.0 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,354 16.0 8,092 23.0 11,036 85.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 16 0.2 1 4

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 57,983 100.0 9,864 100.0 5,638 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,569 13.1 S S 143 2.5
50 to 99 miles 2,847 4.9 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 7,417 12.8 1,885 19.1 S S
250 to 499 miles 10,780 18.6 617 6.3 243 4.3
500 to 749 miles 14,300 24.7 1,136 11.5 928 16.5
750 to 999 miles 5,660 9.8 377 3.8 441 7.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,485 6.0 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,805 10.0 564 5.7 1,297 23.0
2,000 miles or more 120 0.2 10 0.1 S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 50,625 100.0 2,064 100.0 926 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,318 14.5 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 2,826 5.6 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 7,214 14.2 S S 76 8.2
250 to 499 miles 10,607 21.0 418 20.3 173 18.6
500 to 749 miles 10,477 20.7 290 14.0 225 24.3
750 to 999 miles 4,834 9.5 107 5.2 107 11.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,216 6.4 73 3.6 109 11.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,094 8.1 98 4.8 203 21.9
2,000 miles or more 39 1 3 0.3

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 7,358 100.0 7,800 100.0 4,712 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 204 2.8 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 846 10.8 703 14.9
750 to 999 miles 826 11.2 270 3.5 334 7.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,711 23.3 465 6.0 1,094 23.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,034 100.0 7,379 100.0 808 100.0
Less than 50 miles 3,571 59.2 6,199 84.0 78 9.7
50 to 99 miles 210 3.5 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 272 4.5 224 3.0 S S
250 to 499 miles 465 7.7 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 521 8.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 189 3.1 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 27 0.4 36 4.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.