Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 26,236 100.0 101,090 100.0 22,619 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,988 41.9 58,896 58.3 784 3.5
50 to 99 miles 1,100 4.2 2,905 2.9 264 1.2
100 to 249 miles 5,185 19.8 15,979 15.8 3,369 14.9
250 to 499 miles 4,576 17.4 13,602 13.5 6,585 29.1
500 to 749 miles 1,910 7.3 4,191 4.1 3,143 13.9
750 to 999 miles 1,685 6.4 3,303 3.3 4,027 17.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 337 1.3 723 0.7 1,103 4.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 448 1.7 1,490 1.5 3,344 14.8
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 24,407 100.0 96,485 100.0 19,293 100.0
Less than 50 miles 10,648 43.6 57,253 59.3 776 4.0
50 to 99 miles 1,045 4.3 2,861 3.0 260 1.3
100 to 249 miles 5,094 20.9 15,968 16.6 3,367 17.5
250 to 499 miles 4,108 16.8 11,996 12.4 5,184 26.9
500 to 749 miles 1,701 7.0 4,185 4.3 3,139 16.3
750 to 999 miles 1,140 4.7 2,017 2.1 2,143 11.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 301 1.2 723 0.7 1,102 5.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 370 1.5 1,481 1.5 3,322 17.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 17,144 100.0 59,591 100.0 9,559 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,296 36.7 33,166 55.7 650 6.8
50 to 99 miles 1,040 6.1 2,861 4.8 260 2.7
100 to 249 miles 4,505 26.3 13,427 22.5 2,704 28.3
250 to 499 miles 2,883 16.8 7,237 12.1 2,949 30.9
500 to 749 miles 1,293 7.5 1,522 2.6 1,043 10.9
750 to 999 miles S S 693 1.2 677 7.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 206 1.2 305 0.5 473 4.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 158 0.9 S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,987 100.0 15,066 100.0 9,682 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 2,291 15.2 102 1.1
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 573 19.2 2,529 16.8 660 6.8
250 to 499 miles 1,203 40.3 4,759 31.6 2,234 23.1
500 to 749 miles 389 13.0 2,645 17.6 2,071 21.4
750 to 999 miles 370 12.4 1,324 8.8 1,466 15.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 87 2.9 418 2.8 630 6.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 203 6.8 1,100 7.3 2,519 26.0
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 20 0.5 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 6 0.2 0.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 8 0.2 0.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,547 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 91 5.9 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 195 12.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 36 2.3 1 1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 78 5.0 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 683 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 14 2.0 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 82 12.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 115 16.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 195 28.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 110 16.2 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 36 5.3 1 2.5 1 5.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 50 7.3 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 282 100.0 1,650 100.0 13 100.0
Less than 50 miles 266 94.3 1,641 99.4 8 66.4
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.