Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 26,236 100.0 101,090 100.0 22,619 100.0 475
Less than 50 lbs 620 2.4 13 8 753
50 to 99 lbs 174 0.7 10 S S 398
100 to 499 lbs 695 2.7 72 S S 370
500 to 749 lbs 342 1.3 S S S S 516
750 to 999 lbs S S 9 S S 242
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,352 5.2 788 0.8 124 0.5 152
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 11,163 42.5 37,947 37.5 6,521 28.8 177
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,477 13.3 18,480 18.3 2,515 11.1 130
100,000 lbs or more 8,301 31.6 43,735 43.3 13,399 59.2 560

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 24,407 100.0 96,485 100.0 19,293 100.0 235
Less than 50 lbs 140 0.6 4 1 381
50 to 99 lbs 73 0.3 3 1 S
100 to 499 lbs 594 2.4 66 S S 325
500 to 749 lbs 339 1.4 S S S S 509
750 to 999 lbs S S 9 S S 245
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,336 5.5 783 0.8 123 0.6 152
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 11,080 45.4 37,874 39.3 6,493 33.7 176
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,404 13.9 18,355 19.0 2,510 13.0 130
100,000 lbs or more 7,330 30.0 39,356 40.8 10,121 52.5 559

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 17,144 100.0 59,591 100.0 9,559 100.0 179
Less than 50 lbs 106 0.6 3 S
50 to 99 lbs 63 0.4 3 S S S
100 to 499 lbs 585 3.4 65 0.1 S S 325
500 to 749 lbs 339 2.0 S S S S 509
750 to 999 lbs S S 9 S S 238
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,312 7.7 779 1.3 119 1.2 149
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 10,907 63.6 37,525 63.0 6,265 65.5 172
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,188 18.6 17,992 30.2 2,319 24.3 125
100,000 lbs or more 533 3.1 3,178 5.3 811 8.5 250

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 2,987 100.0 15,066 100.0 9,682 100.0 636
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,074
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,222
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 158 5.3 319 2.1 S S 621
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 526
100,000 lbs or more 2,608 87.3 14,382 95.5 9,286 95.9 640

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,292
Less than 50 lbs 35 0.8 1 1 1.5 1,369
50 to 99 lbs S S S S 1,172
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 691
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 994
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 904
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 1,547 100.0 S S S S 801
Less than 50 lbs 478 30.9 9 0.3 7 0.2 827
50 to 99 lbs 101 6.5 S S S S 509
100 to 499 lbs 101 6.5 S S S S 550
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,070
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,338
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,097

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 683 100.0 S S S S 801
Less than 50 lbs 478 70.1 9 40.4 7 47.1 827
50 to 99 lbs 101 14.8 S S S S 509
100 to 499 lbs 101 14.8 S S S S 550
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,088
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 708
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 209
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,338
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,097

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 282 100.0 1,650 100.0 13 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 25
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 251
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 714
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 68
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 259
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 39
100,000 lbs or more 185 65.6 1,504 91.1 4 28.2 2

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.