Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 26,236 100.0 101,090 100.0 22,619 100.0 475
Single modes 24,407 93.0 96,485 95.4 19,293 85.3 235
Truck2 17,144 65.3 59,591 58.9 9,559 42.3 179
Rail 2,987 11.4 15,066 14.9 9,682 42.8 636
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,292
Multiple modes 1,547 5.9 S S S S 801
Parcel, USPS or courier 683 2.6 S S S S 801
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 708
Other and unknown modes 282 1.1 1,650 1.6 13 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 467
Single modes S S S S S S 467
Truck2 S S S S S S 154
Rail S S S S S S 1,251
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,866 100.0 4,298 100.0 775 100.0 S
Single modes 1,822 97.6 4,251 98.9 771 99.5 S
Truck2 1,757 94.2 3,996 93.0 555 71.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 852
All other Single modes S S S S S S 191
Multiple modes S S S S S S 456
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 638
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 92
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 6,935 100.0 44,542 100.0 3,517 100.0 92
Single modes 6,764 97.5 43,163 96.9 3,514 99.9 92
Truck2 2,229 32.1 20,038 45.0 1,542 43.9 68
Rail 440 6.3 2,507 5.6 S S 731
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 172 2.5 1,379 3.1 3 2

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 303
Single modes S S S S S S 302
Truck2 S S S S S S 315
Rail 41 20.2 S S 145 15.2 155
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 425
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 425
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 929

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 388 100.0 S S S S 368
Single modes 220 56.7 S S S S S
Truck2 220 56.7 S S S S S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 834
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 834
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 11,927 100.0 28,634 100.0 14,462 100.0 502
Single modes 10,931 91.7 25,598 89.4 11,153 77.1 410
Truck2 8,787 73.7 17,483 61.1 5,198 35.9 330
Rail 2,073 17.4 8,097 28.3 5,930 41.0 729
All other Single modes 71 0.6 S S S S 1,372
Multiple modes S S S S S S 866
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 864
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,184
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 224

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 785
Single modes S S S S S S 356
Truck2 S S S S S S 331
Rail S S S S S S 530
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,493
Multiple modes S S S S S S 826
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 826
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,666 100.0 S S S S 506
Single modes 1,585 95.2 S S S S 445
Truck2 1,387 83.3 S S S S 304
Rail S S S S S S 249
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,336
Multiple modes S S S S S S 584
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 584
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 651
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 862
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 862
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.