Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 64,980 100.0 64,110 100.0 19,888 100.0
Less than 50 miles 16,496 25.4 28,728 44.8 476 2.4
50 to 99 miles 7,365 11.3 3,416 5.3 335 1.7
100 to 249 miles 10,048 15.5 12,446 19.4 2,780 14.0
250 to 499 miles 10,793 16.6 9,860 15.4 5,025 25.3
500 to 749 miles 10,848 16.7 7,318 11.4 7,552 38.0
750 to 999 miles 3,896 6.0 974 1.5 991 5.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,262 1.9 407 0.6 563 2.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,352 5.2 869 1.4 1,938 9.7
2,000 miles or more 920 1.4 92 0.1 228 1.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 52,670 100.0 62,762 100.0 19,102 100.0
Less than 50 miles 15,314 29.1 28,224 45.0 471 2.5
50 to 99 miles 6,739 12.8 3,400 5.4 333 1.7
100 to 249 miles 8,807 16.7 12,382 19.7 2,766 14.5
250 to 499 miles 8,434 16.0 9,732 15.5 4,963 26.0
500 to 749 miles 7,421 14.1 6,866 10.9 7,196 37.7
750 to 999 miles 2,593 4.9 916 1.5 932 4.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 907 1.7 397 0.6 548 2.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,847 3.5 767 1.2 1,698 8.9
2,000 miles or more 609 1.2 79 0.1 195 1.0

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 48,440 100.0 48,485 100.0 9,427 100.0
Less than 50 miles 15,233 31.4 27,279 56.3 470 5.0
50 to 99 miles 6,738 13.9 3,400 7.0 333 3.5
100 to 249 miles 7,342 15.2 7,704 15.9 1,505 16.0
250 to 499 miles 7,551 15.6 5,597 11.5 2,397 25.4
500 to 749 miles 6,480 13.4 2,677 5.5 1,902 20.2
750 to 999 miles 2,431 5.0 803 1.7 801 8.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 820 1.7 278 0.6 375 4.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,539 3.2 669 1.4 1,458 15.5
2,000 miles or more 306 0.6 76 0.2 185 2.0

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,494 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 1,377 55.2 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 183 2.0 136 3.1
750 to 999 miles 93 3.7 100 1.1 114 2.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 91 3.7 96 1.0 237 5.3
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,736 100.0 5,097 100.0 5,231 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 88 5.1 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 258 14.8 5 0.1 2
500 to 749 miles 686 39.5 4,006 78.6 5,158 98.6
750 to 999 miles 69 3.9 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 217 12.5 1 2
2,000 miles or more S S 2 S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 11,235 100.0 463 100.0 435 100.0
Less than 50 miles 405 3.6 17 3.7 0.1
50 to 99 miles 625 5.6 15 3.3 1 0.3
100 to 249 miles 1,213 10.8 54 11.7 12 2.9
250 to 499 miles 2,333 20.8 116 25.0 58 13.3
500 to 749 miles 3,324 29.6 107 23.2 74 17.0
750 to 999 miles 1,278 11.4 46 9.9 46 10.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 352 3.1 10 2.2 14 3.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,394 12.4 84 18.1 196 45.1
2,000 miles or more 311 2.8 13 2.8 32 7.4

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 11,077 100.0 386 100.0 305 100.0
Less than 50 miles 405 3.7 17 4.4 0.2
50 to 99 miles 625 5.6 15 3.9 1 0.5
100 to 249 miles 1,213 10.9 54 14.1 12 4.1
250 to 499 miles 2,280 20.6 96 24.8 43 14.1
500 to 749 miles 3,308 29.9 99 25.5 67 21.8
750 to 999 miles 1,262 11.4 37 9.5 36 11.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 352 3.2 10 2.7 14 4.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,322 11.9 45 11.6 99 32.4
2,000 miles or more 311 2.8 13 3.4 32 10.6

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 157 100.0 77 100.0 129 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,075 100.0 885 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 778 72.3 487 55.0 5 1.5
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 28 2.6 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 103 9.5 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 19 2.1 S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.