Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 103,926 100.0 94,506 100.0 22,674 100.0
Less than 50 miles 24,129 23.2 47,906 50.7 975 4.3
50 to 99 miles 5,722 5.5 5,194 5.5 552 2.4
100 to 249 miles 18,058 17.4 13,032 13.8 2,493 11.0
250 to 499 miles 27,116 26.1 S S 7,825 34.5
500 to 749 miles 12,255 11.8 3,625 3.8 2,707 11.9
750 to 999 miles 4,277 4.1 1,017 1.1 1,029 4.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,924 5.7 2,622 2.8 3,642 16.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,160 2.1 385 0.4 748 3.3
2,000 miles or more 4,286 4.1 1,098 1.2 2,704 11.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 87,988 100.0 90,836 100.0 20,366 100.0
Less than 50 miles 21,633 24.6 46,769 51.5 945 4.6
50 to 99 miles 5,250 6.0 5,166 5.7 549 2.7
100 to 249 miles 16,008 18.2 12,465 13.7 2,391 11.7
250 to 499 miles 22,557 25.6 S S 7,437 36.5
500 to 749 miles 9,944 11.3 3,482 3.8 2,603 12.8
750 to 999 miles 3,297 3.7 879 1.0 885 4.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,759 5.4 2,066 2.3 2,814 13.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,546 1.8 375 0.4 725 3.6
2,000 miles or more 2,995 3.4 827 0.9 2,017 9.9

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 83,098 100.0 72,962 100.0 16,362 100.0
Less than 50 miles 20,758 25.0 37,357 51.2 790 4.8
50 to 99 miles 5,109 6.1 4,084 5.6 421 2.6
100 to 249 miles 15,263 18.4 8,004 11.0 1,536 9.4
250 to 499 miles 21,450 25.8 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 8,573 10.3 2,574 3.5 1,809 11.1
750 to 999 miles 3,134 3.8 744 1.0 751 4.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,550 5.5 1,488 2.0 1,982 12.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,457 1.8 365 0.5 703 4.3
2,000 miles or more 2,805 3.4 671 0.9 1,616 9.9

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,981 100.0 S S 3,905 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 1,126 7.0 S S
500 to 749 miles 1,331 33.4 907 5.6 793 20.3
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 165 4.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 114 2.9 138 0.9 354 9.1

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 908 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 2 1 0.6
250 to 499 miles 397 43.7 7 0.4 4 4.5
500 to 749 miles 39 4.3 1 1 0.6
750 to 999 miles 70 7.8 1 1 0.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 44 4.9 1 1 0.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 77 8.4 1 0.5
2,000 miles or more 76 8.4 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 14,191 100.0 659 100.0 674 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,665 11.7 42 6.4 1 0.2
50 to 99 miles 461 3.2 12 1.8 1 0.2
100 to 249 miles 1,911 13.5 74 11.3 15 2.3
250 to 499 miles 4,095 28.9 172 26.0 89 13.2
500 to 749 miles 2,202 15.5 97 14.8 73 10.8
750 to 999 miles 934 6.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,061 7.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 614 4.3 10 1.6 23 3.4
2,000 miles or more 1,248 8.8 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 12,144 100.0 357 100.0 229 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,665 13.7 41 11.5 1 0.5
50 to 99 miles 461 3.8 12 3.3 1 0.5
100 to 249 miles 1,832 15.1 64 17.8 13 5.7
250 to 499 miles 3,544 29.2 105 29.3 47 20.5
500 to 749 miles 1,921 15.8 64 17.8 46 20.2
750 to 999 miles 672 5.5 24 6.7 24 10.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 578 4.8 17 4.7 23 9.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 584 4.8 7 1.9 14 6.0
2,000 miles or more 888 7.3 24 6.8 60 26.0

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S 302 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,748 100.0 3,011 100.0 1,634 100.0
Less than 50 miles 831 47.6 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 11 0.6 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 139 8.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 649 21.6 299 18.3
500 to 749 miles S S 45 1.5 31 1.9
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 104 6.0 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.