Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 103,926 100.0 94,506 100.0 22,674 100.0 514
Single modes 87,988 84.7 90,836 96.1 20,366 89.8 321
Truck2 83,098 80.0 72,962 77.2 16,362 72.2 303
Rail 3,981 3.8 S S 3,905 17.2 S
All other Single modes 908 0.9 S S S S 1,098
Multiple modes 14,191 13.7 659 0.7 674 3.0 708
Parcel, USPS or courier 12,144 11.7 357 0.4 229 1.0 708
All other Multiple modes S S 302 0.3 S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,748 1.7 3,011 3.2 1,634 7.2 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 326
Single modes S S S S S S 312
Truck2 S S S S S S 312
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 735
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 735
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,403 100.0 1,531 100.0 166 100.0 S
Single modes 1,373 97.9 1,528 99.8 166 99.6 S
Truck2 1,373 97.9 1,528 99.8 166 99.6 S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 122
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 122
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 222 100.0 21,420 100.0 932 100.0 41
Single modes 219 98.8 20,919 97.7 917 98.4 41
Truck2 179 80.5 19,049 88.9 802 86.0 40
Rail S S S S S S 672
All other Single modes S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 882
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 882
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,853 100.0 5,769 100.0 151 100.0 51
Single modes 1,853 100.0 5,769 100.0 151 100.0 51
Truck2 1,853 100.0 5,769 100.0 151 100.0 51
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,327
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 76

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 17,028 100.0 S S 7,061 100.0 446
Single modes 14,169 83.2 S S 6,593 93.4 288
Truck2 13,202 77.5 S S S S 274
Rail S S S S S S 882
All other Single modes 116 0.7 4 5 952
Multiple modes 2,324 13.6 170 1.0 S S 607
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,013 11.8 80 0.5 51 0.7 605
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,533
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,957 100.0 3,909 100.0 1,232 100.0 744
Single modes 6,062 76.2 2,670 68.3 997 80.9 659
Truck2 5,981 75.2 2,513 64.3 867 70.4 649
Rail 72 0.9 156 4.0 S S 1,866
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,727
Multiple modes 1,529 19.2 51 1.3 26 2.1 781
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,529 19.2 51 1.3 26 2.1 781
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 104

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 20,202 100.0 15,105 100.0 6,124 100.0 395
Single modes 16,762 83.0 14,309 94.7 5,394 88.1 334
Truck2 15,610 77.3 13,559 89.8 4,442 72.5 252
Rail 854 4.2 S S S S 1,190
All other Single modes 298 1.5 S S S S 1,121
Multiple modes 2,798 13.8 75 0.5 44 0.7 476
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,761 13.7 68 0.4 40 0.7 476
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 551
Other and unknown modes 642 3.2 S S S S 132

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 34,958 100.0 6,504 100.0 3,298 100.0 591
Single modes S S 6,188 95.1 S S 442
Truck2 S S 5,358 82.4 S S 434
Rail 760 2.2 S S S S 649
All other Single modes 430 1.2 3 3 983
Multiple modes 4,161 11.9 S S S S 763
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,462 7.0 S S S S 762
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 50 0.1 S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 17,807 100.0 S S 3,444 100.0 516
Single modes 14,493 81.4 S S S S 202
Truck2 13,037 73.2 9,669 41.8 1,648 47.9 200
Rail S S S S S S S
All other Single modes S S 1,785
Multiple modes 3,163 17.8 52 0.2 33 0.9 850
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,163 17.8 52 0.2 33 0.9 850
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 151 0.8 S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S 52 100.0 5 100.0 270
Single modes 85 33.3 52 99.4 5 93.5 S
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 74
All other Single modes S S S S S S 312
Multiple modes S S S S S S 538
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 538
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,169

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.