Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 109,846 100.0 70,674 100.0 13,676 100.0
Less than 50 miles 38,569 35.1 40,944 57.9 664 4.9
50 to 99 miles 9,584 8.7 6,885 9.7 613 4.5
100 to 249 miles 21,294 19.4 9,397 13.3 1,813 13.3
250 to 499 miles 22,587 20.6 7,860 11.1 3,803 27.8
500 to 749 miles 7,934 7.2 2,332 3.3 1,652 12.1
750 to 999 miles 4,109 3.7 1,184 1.7 1,204 8.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,378 1.3 845 1.2 1,111 8.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,641 2.4 965 1.4 2,176 15.9
2,000 miles or more 1,751 1.6 261 0.4 640 4.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 80,678 100.0 56,422 100.0 9,909 100.0
Less than 50 miles 23,283 28.9 31,984 56.7 486 4.9
50 to 99 miles 8,402 10.4 6,638 11.8 588 5.9
100 to 249 miles 18,088 22.4 7,946 14.1 1,529 15.4
250 to 499 miles 18,342 22.7 6,198 11.0 3,053 30.8
500 to 749 miles 5,937 7.4 1,817 3.2 1,300 13.1
750 to 999 miles 2,592 3.2 725 1.3 750 7.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,023 1.3 326 0.6 435 4.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,603 2.0 535 0.9 1,155 11.7
2,000 miles or more 1,407 1.7 252 0.4 613 6.2

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 79,276 100.0 52,994 100.0 8,858 100.0
Less than 50 miles 22,903 28.9 30,008 56.6 461 5.2
50 to 99 miles 8,353 10.5 6,450 12.2 S S
100 to 249 miles 18,012 22.7 7,856 14.8 1,504 17.0
250 to 499 miles 17,995 22.7 5,166 9.7 2,302 26.0
500 to 749 miles 5,894 7.4 1,766 3.3 1,259 14.2
750 to 999 miles 2,540 3.2 703 1.3 723 8.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 740 0.9 322 0.6 430 4.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,442 1.8 471 0.9 993 11.2
2,000 miles or more 1,397 1.8 252 0.5 612 6.9

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S 1,226 100.0 997 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 159 37.1 1,008 82.2 S S
500 to 749 miles 23 5.5 48 4.0 39 3.9
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 972 100.0 S S 54 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 49 5.0 187 8.5 12 22.6
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 20 2.1 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 6 0.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 10 1.0 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 13,804 100.0 668 100.0 850 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 35 5.3 1
50 to 99 miles 1,141 8.3 23 3.4 2 0.3
100 to 249 miles 2,931 21.2 125 18.8 32 3.7
250 to 499 miles 3,398 24.6 100 15.0 51 6.0
500 to 749 miles 1,883 13.6 50 7.5 38 4.5
750 to 999 miles 1,396 10.1 90 13.4 98 11.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 298 2.2 6 0.9 8 0.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 840 6.1 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 344 2.5 9 1.4 27 3.2

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 13,286 100.0 400 100.0 267 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 34 8.5 1 0.3
50 to 99 miles 1,141 8.6 23 5.7 2 0.8
100 to 249 miles 2,794 21.0 116 28.9 30 11.1
250 to 499 miles 3,350 25.2 86 21.5 40 15.0
500 to 749 miles 1,864 14.0 36 9.1 27 10.0
750 to 999 miles 1,354 10.2 54 13.4 55 20.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 298 2.2 6 1.4 8 2.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 601 4.5 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 334 2.5 5 1.4 15 5.5

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 518 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 15,365 100.0 13,584 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 13,714 89.3 8,924 65.7 178 6.1
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 275 1.8 S S 252 8.6
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.