Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 109,846 100.0 70,674 100.0 13,676 100.0 392
Single modes 80,678 73.4 56,422 79.8 9,909 72.5 98
Truck2 79,276 72.2 52,994 75.0 8,858 64.8 94
Rail S S 1,226 1.7 997 7.3 1,373
All other Single modes 972 0.9 S S 54 0.4 443
Multiple modes 13,804 12.6 668 0.9 850 6.2 615
Parcel, USPS or courier 13,286 12.1 400 0.6 267 2.0 615
All other Multiple modes 518 0.5 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 15,365 14.0 13,584 19.2 S S 228

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 886 100.0 1,708 100.0 935 100.0 216
Single modes 882 99.5 1,706 99.9 935 100.0 239
Truck2 712 80.4 961 56.3 S S 220
Rail 170 19.1 745 43.6 569 60.8 1,110
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 9,557 100.0 6,450 100.0 1,362 100.0 S
Single modes 9,201 96.3 6,399 99.2 1,299 95.4 S
Truck2 9,201 96.3 6,399 99.2 1,299 95.4 S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 901
Multiple modes S S S S S S 510
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 9 0.1 4 0.3 505
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,647
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 232

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 59 100.0 12,361 100.0 267 100.0 21
Single modes 31 52.5 4,954 40.1 109 40.7 21
Truck2 31 52.5 4,954 40.1 109 40.7 21
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 28 47.5 7,407 59.9 159 59.3 21

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 2,639 100.0 9,228 100.0 185 100.0 22
Single modes 2,631 99.7 9,210 99.8 185 99.8 22
Truck2 S S S S S S 22
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S 40 21.8 21
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 15,799 100.0 6,987 100.0 S S 465
Single modes 9,776 61.9 2,049 29.3 908 24.0 183
Truck2 9,524 60.3 2,049 29.3 907 24.0 183
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 503
Multiple modes S S 232 3.3 231 6.1 496
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 495
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,714
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 557

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 15,878 100.0 3,670 100.0 1,137 100.0 692
Single modes 10,714 67.5 3,432 93.5 1,027 90.4 104
Truck2 10,701 67.4 3,401 92.7 1,026 90.3 104
Rail S S S S S S 65
All other Single modes S S S S S S 752
Multiple modes 1,623 10.2 55 1.5 51 4.5 845
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,597 10.1 42 1.1 31 2.8 845
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,513
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 17,576 100.0 22,531 100.0 4,089 100.0 432
Single modes 15,009 85.4 22,226 98.6 S S 209
Truck2 14,676 83.5 22,150 98.3 S S 198
Rail S S S S S S 1,765
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,490
Multiple modes S S S S S S 575
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 571
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,576
Other and unknown modes 337 1.9 69 0.3 S S 255

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 37,470 100.0 4,229 100.0 1,003 100.0 S
Single modes 23,334 62.3 3,016 71.3 954 95.1 S
Truck2 23,194 61.9 2,962 70.0 904 90.1 S
Rail 34 52 1.2 49 4.9 934
All other Single modes S S 1 1 0.1 1,080
Multiple modes 3,289 8.8 69 1.6 39 3.9 505
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,250 8.7 66 1.6 38 3.8 507
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 10,848 29.0 1,145 27.1 10 1.0 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 9,753 100.0 3,046 100.0 621 100.0 491
Single modes 9,024 92.5 2,995 98.3 592 95.3 S
Truck2 8,978 92.1 2,992 98.2 590 95.1 S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,102
Multiple modes 720 7.4 49 1.6 S S 750
Parcel, USPS or courier 583 6.0 39 1.3 S S 752
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 200
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 55

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 822
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 686
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 686
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.