Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 179,821 100.0 136,759 100.0 40,049 100.0
Less than 50 miles 48,149 26.8 53,843 39.4 1,362 3.4
50 to 99 miles 4,077 2.3 7,559 5.5 647 1.6
100 to 249 miles 30,623 17.0 34,940 25.5 S S
250 to 499 miles 23,604 13.1 21,772 15.9 8,874 22.2
500 to 749 miles 15,431 8.6 5,363 3.9 4,059 10.1
750 to 999 miles 23,086 12.8 5,831 4.3 5,945 14.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 30,245 16.8 7,111 5.2 10,387 25.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,397 2.4 316 0.2 638 1.6
2,000 miles or more 208 0.1 24 111 0.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 128,103 100.0 133,347 100.0 38,192 100.0
Less than 50 miles 41,998 32.8 52,756 39.6 1,339 3.5
50 to 99 miles 3,512 2.7 7,483 5.6 639 1.7
100 to 249 miles 23,598 18.4 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 18,382 14.3 21,503 16.1 8,759 22.9
500 to 749 miles 7,703 6.0 5,015 3.8 3,811 10.0
750 to 999 miles 13,682 10.7 5,446 4.1 5,533 14.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 17,212 13.4 6,656 5.0 9,697 25.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,989 1.6 271 0.2 545 1.4
2,000 miles or more 26 S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 118,525 100.0 110,725 100.0 29,757 100.0
Less than 50 miles 41,980 35.4 52,458 47.4 1,326 4.5
50 to 99 miles 3,511 3.0 7,421 6.7 635 2.1
100 to 249 miles 23,062 19.5 21,474 19.4 4,500 15.1
250 to 499 miles 17,559 14.8 13,452 12.1 5,586 18.8
500 to 749 miles 6,663 5.6 4,610 4.2 3,490 11.7
750 to 999 miles 11,941 10.1 5,193 4.7 5,247 17.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 12,458 10.5 5,872 5.3 8,477 28.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,343 1.1 245 0.2 492 1.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 3,450 100.0 S S 8,328 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 239 6.9 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 144 4.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 765 22.2 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,128 100.0 209 100.0 107 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 297 4.8 1 0.5 0.4
250 to 499 miles S S 165 79.2 49 45.6
500 to 749 miles 896 14.6 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 10 4.7 20 18.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 41,510 100.0 1,308 100.0 1,186 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,150 10.0 170 13.0 3 0.3
50 to 99 miles 475 1.1 14 1.1 1 0.1
100 to 249 miles 3,991 9.6 169 12.9 39 3.3
250 to 499 miles 4,982 12.0 134 10.2 54 4.6
500 to 749 miles 5,260 12.7 162 12.4 120 10.1
750 to 999 miles 9,039 21.8 279 21.3 S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 11,245 27.1 337 25.8 518 43.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,185 5.3 20 1.5 39 3.3
2,000 miles or more 182 0.4 23 1.7 106 8.9

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 40,874 100.0 817 100.0 534 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,148 10.1 132 16.2 3 0.6
50 to 99 miles 475 1.2 14 1.7 1 0.2
100 to 249 miles 3,935 9.6 121 14.8 25 4.8
250 to 499 miles 4,952 12.1 133 16.3 54 10.1
500 to 749 miles 5,245 12.8 160 19.6 118 22.1
750 to 999 miles 8,711 21.3 119 14.6 124 23.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 11,118 27.2 120 14.7 173 32.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,183 5.3 16 1.9 32 5.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 636 100.0 491 100.0 653 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 329 51.7 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 127 20.0 S S 345 52.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 75 11.9 21 4.3 102 15.7

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 10,208 100.0 2,105 100.0 671 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,001 19.6 917 43.6 20 3.0
50 to 99 miles 90 0.9 63 3.0 6 1.0
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 365 3.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 118 5.6 171 25.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 196,694 100.0 461,798 100.0 76,355 100.0
Less than 50 miles 91,938 46.7 303,270 65.7 5,400 7.1
50 to 99 miles 19,234 9.8 78,027 16.9 5,128 6.7
100 to 249 miles 26,526 13.5 24,341 5.3 5,105 6.7
250 to 499 miles 13,354 6.8 16,596 3.6 6,460 8.5
500 to 749 miles 5,220 2.7 4,663 1.0 3,645 4.8
750 to 999 miles 13,519 6.9 9,727 2.1 11,107 14.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 20,184 10.3 23,669 5.1 36,248 47.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6,612 3.4 1,464 0.3 3,092 4.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 179,843 100.0 448,052 100.0 72,234 100.0
Less than 50 miles 86,808 48.3 297,111 66.3 5,300 7.3
50 to 99 miles 18,575 10.3 77,874 17.4 5,113 7.1
100 to 249 miles 23,673 13.2 18,661 4.2 3,869 5.4
250 to 499 miles 12,521 7.0 16,448 3.7 6,405 8.9
500 to 749 miles 4,580 2.5 4,494 1.0 3,481 4.8
750 to 999 miles 12,212 6.8 9,315 2.1 10,498 14.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 17,633 9.8 22,721 5.1 34,553 47.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,819 2.1 1,421 0.3 2,997 4.1
2,000 miles or more 23 S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 107,608 100.0 179,744 100.0 17,713 100.0
Less than 50 miles 50,542 47.0 139,941 77.9 2,596 14.7
50 to 99 miles 5,400 5.0 10,945 6.1 858 4.8
100 to 249 miles 21,125 19.6 10,894 6.1 2,303 13.0
250 to 499 miles 10,691 9.9 11,296 6.3 4,112 23.2
500 to 749 miles 2,992 2.8 1,940 1.1 1,380 7.8
750 to 999 miles 5,459 5.1 1,865 1.0 1,989 11.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 9,258 8.6 2,368 1.3 3,421 19.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,120 2.0 489 0.3 1,036 5.9
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 22,866 100.0 60,186 100.0 37,672 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,834 21.1 14,204 23.6 408 1.1
50 to 99 miles 1,293 5.7 16,621 27.6 1,354 3.6
100 to 249 miles 1,054 4.6 2,005 3.3 457 1.2
250 to 499 miles 1,388 6.1 3,135 5.2 1,435 3.8
500 to 749 miles 904 4.0 1,857 3.1 1,515 4.0
750 to 999 miles 5,705 24.9 6,910 11.5 7,931 21.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,150 26.9 14,722 24.5 22,941 60.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 731 1.2 1,631 4.3
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 49,369 100.0 208,123 100.0 16,849 100.0
Less than 50 miles 31,432 63.7 142,966 68.7 2,297 13.6
50 to 99 miles 11,881 24.1 50,308 24.2 2,900 17.2
100 to 249 miles S S 5,761 2.8 1,109 6.6
250 to 499 miles 442 0.9 2,017 1.0 859 5.1
500 to 749 miles S S S S 585 3.5
750 to 999 miles 1,049 2.1 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,225 4.5 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 11,822 100.0 S S 2,692 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,585 21.9 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 191 1.6 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 2,242 19.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 637 5.4 23 0.3 9 0.3
500 to 749 miles 512 4.3 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,108 9.4 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,951 16.5 309 3.6 678 25.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 30 0.3 68 2.5
2,000 miles or more 20 0.2 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 9,967 100.0 240 100.0 156 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,227 22.3 86 35.9 2 1.3
50 to 99 miles 117 1.2 4 1.6 0.2
100 to 249 miles 1,109 11.1 34 14.0 8 5.1
250 to 499 miles 637 6.4 23 9.4 9 5.9
500 to 749 miles 443 4.4 11 4.7 8 5.2
750 to 999 miles 1,061 10.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,784 17.9 32 13.4 47 30.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 21 8.9 51 32.5
2,000 miles or more 18 0.2 1 0.4

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances S S S S 2,536 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 167 9.0 277 3.3 631 24.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 5,029 100.0 5,071 100.0 1,428 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,545 50.6 3,666 72.3 47 3.3
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 611 12.1 458 9.0 110 7.7
250 to 499 miles 196 3.9 125 2.5 45 3.2
500 to 749 miles 128 2.6 35 0.7 23 1.6
750 to 999 miles S S 26 0.5 27 1.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 600 11.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.