Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 179,821 100.0 136,759 100.0 40,049 100.0 459
Less than 50 lbs 35,879 20.0 419 0.3 196 0.5 518
50 to 99 lbs 8,639 4.8 339 0.2 156 0.4 462
100 to 499 lbs 24,392 13.6 2,412 1.8 961 2.4 399
500 to 749 lbs 6,797 3.8 877 0.6 213 0.5 241
750 to 999 lbs 4,150 2.3 606 0.4 186 0.5 309
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 33,321 18.5 13,910 10.2 3,982 9.9 270
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 51,872 28.8 63,728 46.6 22,678 56.6 346
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 12,497 6.9 25,921 19.0 2,672 6.7 100
100,000 lbs or more 2,274 1.3 28,548 20.9 9,005 22.5 361

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 128,103 100.0 133,347 100.0 38,192 100.0 247
Less than 50 lbs 7,652 6.0 140 0.1 24 145
50 to 99 lbs 2,611 2.0 177 0.1 59 0.2 332
100 to 499 lbs 17,397 13.6 1,966 1.5 664 1.7 325
500 to 749 lbs 5,980 4.7 775 0.6 189 0.5 243
750 to 999 lbs 3,790 3.0 583 0.4 180 0.5 310
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 31,604 24.7 13,528 10.1 3,813 10.0 264
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 47,990 37.5 62,521 46.9 21,965 57.5 341
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 8,845 6.9 25,250 18.9 2,499 6.5 96
100,000 lbs or more 2,234 1.7 28,406 21.3 8,798 23.0 350

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 118,525 100.0 110,725 100.0 29,757 100.0 216
Less than 50 lbs 4,326 3.6 135 0.1 16 S
50 to 99 lbs 1,987 1.7 174 0.2 52 0.2 294
100 to 499 lbs 16,806 14.2 1,956 1.8 646 2.2 315
500 to 749 lbs 5,580 4.7 773 0.7 187 0.6 240
750 to 999 lbs 3,744 3.2 583 0.5 179 0.6 310
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 30,320 25.6 13,518 12.2 3,800 12.8 263
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 46,658 39.4 61,906 55.9 21,036 70.7 332
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7,787 6.6 25,114 22.7 2,339 7.9 91
100,000 lbs or more 1,316 1.1 6,566 5.9 1,500 5.0 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 3,450 100.0 S S 8,328 100.0 621
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 501
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 2 S S 1,115
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,509
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 122 0.5 149 1.8 1,264
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 393

All other Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 6,128 100.0 209 100.0 107 100.0 1,856
Less than 50 lbs S S 4 2.1 8 7.5 1,819
50 to 99 lbs 623 10.2 3 1.6 S S 2,116
100 to 499 lbs 590 9.6 9 4.4 17 16.0 2,006
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,111
750 to 999 lbs S S S S 1,398
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,306
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,120
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 733
100,000 lbs or more 37 0.6 S S 48 44.5 290

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 41,510 100.0 1,308 100.0 1,186 100.0 707
Less than 50 lbs 27,708 66.7 256 19.6 166 14.0 708
50 to 99 lbs 5,900 14.2 146 11.1 95 8.0 649
100 to 499 lbs 6,338 15.3 355 27.1 277 23.3 778
500 to 749 lbs 725 1.7 56 4.3 19 1.6 S
750 to 999 lbs S S 8 0.6 S S 579
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 236 0.6 17 1.3 S S 3,076
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 307 0.7 309 23.6 327 27.6 1,103
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,467
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,604

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 40,874 100.0 817 100.0 534 100.0 702
Less than 50 lbs 27,708 67.8 256 31.4 166 31.2 708
50 to 99 lbs 5,897 14.4 145 17.8 91 17.1 633
100 to 499 lbs 6,302 15.4 349 42.8 251 47.0 728
500 to 749 lbs 720 1.8 56 6.9 18 3.4 S
750 to 999 lbs S S 8 1.0 S S 572
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,207
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

All other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 636 100.0 491 100.0 653 100.0 4,534
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 8,271
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 5,418
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 3,433
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,466
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 230 36.1 15 3.0 S S 4,220
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 307 48.3 309 63.0 327 50.2 1,103
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,467
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,604

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All shipment sizes 10,208 100.0 2,105 100.0 671 100.0 163
Less than 50 lbs 520 5.1 23 1.1 S S 137
50 to 99 lbs 128 1.3 16 0.8 S S 132
100 to 499 lbs 657 6.4 91 4.3 S S S
500 to 749 lbs 93 0.9 46 2.2 S S S
750 to 999 lbs 115 1.1 S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,481 14.5 365 17.3 125 18.6 313
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 897 42.6 385 57.4 416
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 201
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 486

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.