Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 26,964 100.0 34,780 100.0 3,897 100.0 185
Single modes 22,444 83.2 34,475 99.1 3,523 90.4 150
Truck2 22,034 81.7 34,208 98.4 3,381 86.8 125
Rail S S S S S S 508
All other Single modes 362 1.3 S S S S 1,340
Multiple modes 3,576 13.3 200 0.6 S S 525
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,108 11.5 60 0.2 24 0.6 522
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,633
Other and unknown modes S S 105 0.3 12 0.3 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 248
Single modes S S S S S S 248
Truck2 S S S S S S 134
Rail S S S S S S 637
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 597
Single modes S S S S S S 597
Truck2 S S S S S S 599
Rail S S 194 14.4 S S 461
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 12
Truck2 S S S S S S 12
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes S S S S S S 338
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 338
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 432

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S 38
Single modes S S S S S S 44
Truck2 S S S S S S 44
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,683 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 1,594 94.7 S S S S S
Truck2 1,593 94.6 S S S S S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 930
Multiple modes S S S S S S 206
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 206
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 1 0.1 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 1,960 100.0 751 100.0 311 100.0 451
Single modes 1,437 73.3 723 96.2 300 96.7 319
Truck2 1,422 72.5 720 95.9 295 94.9 212
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,878
Multiple modes S S S S S S 542
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 542
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 5,387 100.0 2,727 100.0 503 100.0 S
Single modes 4,201 78.0 2,660 97.5 491 97.7 177
Truck2 4,177 77.5 2,659 97.5 490 97.4 166
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,269
Multiple modes 815 15.1 13 0.5 5 1.0 328
Parcel, USPS or courier 814 15.1 13 0.5 4 0.8 326
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,949
Other and unknown modes S S 54 2.0 7 1.3 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 7,705 100.0 632 100.0 575 100.0 S
Single modes 5,341 69.3 463 73.3 231 40.2 S
Truck2 5,042 65.4 461 73.0 228 39.7 S
Rail
All other Single modes S S S S S S 1,187
Multiple modes 1,939 25.2 S S S S 636
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,473 19.1 9 1.4 6 1.1 631
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,363
Other and unknown modes S S S S 1 0.2 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes 5,879 100.0 2,303 100.0 341 100.0 308
Single modes 5,545 94.3 2,296 99.7 338 99.0 178
Truck2 5,523 93.9 2,296 99.7 337 99.0 175
Rail
All other Single modes S S 1,105
Multiple modes S S 5 0.2 3 1.0 748
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 0.2 3 0.9 747
All other Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,925
Other and unknown modes 86 1.5 S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck2 S S S S S S S
Rail
All other Single modes
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
All other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.