Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for CBSA of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 62,628 100.0 69,744 100.0 25,151 100.0
Less than 50 miles 22,291 35.6 37,418 53.7 785 3.1
50 to 99 miles 4,760 7.6 4,385 6.3 374 1.5
100 to 249 miles 4,809 7.7 5,114 7.3 1,165 4.6
250 to 499 miles 4,314 6.9 11,388 16.3 8,105 32.2
500 to 749 miles 4,870 7.8 3,295 4.7 2,865 11.4
750 to 999 miles 12,373 19.8 2,835 4.1 3,279 13.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,991 8.0 4,765 6.8 7,466 29.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,143 6.6 498 0.7 948 3.8
2,000 miles or more 76 0.1 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 48,841 100.0 67,806 100.0 24,374 100.0
Less than 50 miles 18,791 38.5 36,339 53.6 750 3.1
50 to 99 miles 4,062 8.3 4,200 6.2 354 1.5
100 to 249 miles 3,832 7.8 4,965 7.3 1,133 4.6
250 to 499 miles 3,537 7.2 11,292 16.7 8,057 33.1
500 to 749 miles 3,315 6.8 3,194 4.7 2,775 11.4
750 to 999 miles 9,428 19.3 2,678 3.9 3,082 12.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,058 6.3 4,667 6.9 7,325 30.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,804 5.7 469 0.7 897 3.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 40,807 100.0 46,858 100.0 6,162 100.0
Less than 50 miles 18,712 45.9 36,168 77.2 748 12.1
50 to 99 miles 3,805 9.3 2,841 6.1 245 4.0
100 to 249 miles 3,369 8.3 2,577 5.5 456 7.4
250 to 499 miles 3,282 8.0 1,509 3.2 730 11.8
500 to 749 miles 3,003 7.4 1,294 2.8 965 15.7
750 to 999 miles 5,204 12.8 1,614 3.4 1,723 28.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,488 6.1 669 1.4 957 15.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 934 2.3 186 0.4 337 5.5
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 1,782 100.0 19,586 100.0 18,068 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 143 0.7 2
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 457 25.7 2,388 12.2 676 3.7
250 to 499 miles 193 10.9 9,782 49.9 7,326 40.5
500 to 749 miles 110 6.2 1,896 9.7 1,805 10.0
750 to 999 miles S S 1,057 5.4 1,348 7.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 216 12.1 3,996 20.4 6,362 35.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

All other Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 6,251 100.0 S S 144 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 61 1.0 1 S S
500 to 749 miles 203 3.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 7 0.5 11 7.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 354 5.7 3 0.2 6 3.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 11,601 100.0 454 100.0 580 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,026 17.5 38 8.3 1 0.1
50 to 99 miles 553 4.8 10 2.1 1 0.2
100 to 249 miles 914 7.9 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 712 6.1 37 8.2 22 3.8
500 to 749 miles 1,507 13.0 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 2,731 23.5 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,847 15.9 87 19.3 127 21.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,250 10.8 19 4.3 36 6.2
2,000 miles or more 62 0.5 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 11,424 100.0 195 100.0 150 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,023 17.7 35 17.9 1 0.5
50 to 99 miles 553 4.8 10 5.0 1 0.6
100 to 249 miles 914 8.0 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 710 6.2 17 8.8 8 5.6
500 to 749 miles 1,497 13.1 26 13.5 21 14.3
750 to 999 miles 2,653 23.2 34 17.4 38 25.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,795 15.7 27 13.7 37 24.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,250 10.9 19 10.0 36 23.8
2,000 miles or more 30 0.3 0.2 1 0.8

All other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 177 100.0 259 100.0 430 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 52 29.5 61 23.4 90 20.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of total
All distances 2,187 100.0 1,484 100.0 197 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,474 67.4 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 145 6.7 S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 48 2.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 214 9.8 S S 32 16.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 9 0.6 16 8.1
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private Truck, only for-hire Truck, or combination of private Truck and for-hire Truck.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Metropolitan Data, December 2004.